John Virginius Bennes
|John Virginius Bennes|
Bennes in 1916
|Born||John Virginius Bennes|
August 23, 1867
Peru, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||November 29, 1943 (aged 76)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
|Notable work||Geiser Grand Hotel|
Hot Lake Hotel
Hollywood Theatre, Portland, Oregon, U.S.
John Virginius Bennes (August 23, 1867 – November 29, 1943) was an American architect who designed numerous buildings throughout the state of Oregon, particularly in Baker City and Portland. In Baker City he did an extensive redesign of the Geiser Grand Hotel, designed several homes, and a now-demolished Elks building. He moved to Portland in 1907 and continued practicing there until 1942.
Bennes designed numerous projects in the Portland area, as well as in Corvallis, Prineville, and other areas of Oregon. He and his firms produced the designs for at least 20 buildings that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). His work includes the design of more than 35 buildings on the Oregon State University campus in Corvallis, as well as plans for 12 other building additions and renovations. He also designed the administration building at Eastern Oregon University.
Bennes is also credited with design work on the Hollywood Theatre in Portland and the Liberty Theatre in Astoria. He worked with Harry A. Herzog on some of the theaters, and Albert Mercier and Lee Arden Thomas have also been credited as collaborators on some of them.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Later life and death
- 4 Projects
- 5 Notes and references
- 6 External links
Bennes was born in Peru, Illinois on August 23, 1867, and raised in Chicago. He was of Czech descent, with the original spelling of his family name being Beneš. He was the cousin of Edvard Beneš, twice-President of Czechosolovakia.
He studied at the University of Chicago and spent a year abroad at the School of Fine Arts at Prague University, graduating with a degree in architecture in 1890. After graduating from college, Bennes relocated from Chicago to Baker City, Oregon around 1900, where he invested in the region's gold mines. On July 1, 1900, he married Alice Smalley Bennes (née Hickey; born December 4, 1876).
After relocating to Baker City, Bennes began his career in architecture, redesigning the Geiser Grand Hotel, as well as designing the Elks Building and several residences. He relocated to Portland in 1906 and partnered with architects Eric W. Hendricks and Willard F. Tobey. Lewis Irvine Thompson also joined the firm. Bennes was a member of the Oregon Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, serving as vice president 1920-21 and as the chapter president in 1922. Bennes practiced on his own from 1914 to 1926. Then he partnered with Harry A. Herzog until 1931 and the onset of the Great Depression, when he returned to solo practice.
His design for Eastern Oregon University's Inlow Hall was a Renaissance Revival-style building that serves as an administration building, housing the admissions, registrar's, financial aid, student affairs and president's offices.
Bennes designed several Portland hotels, including the Broadway Hotel, the Hamilton Hotel, the Treves Hotel and the Cornelius Hotel. The Cornelius has been unoccupied since the 1980s, but has been the subject of various restoration plans, most recently in February 2015.
Later life and death
Bennes relocated from Portland to Los Angeles, California, in 1943 after a bout of unnamed illness, where he died the same year. Some of his plans and drawings are held in the Cachot Therkelsen Collection with the University of Oregon Libraries.
- John Virginius and Annice Bennes House (1911), Portland (NRHP)
- Geiser Grand Hotel (1900 remodel), Baker City (NRHP contributing to the Baker Historic District)
- Gray's West & Co. Pioneer Chapel (1910), Baker City, (NRHP contributing to the Baker Historic District as the Charles A. Johns House)
- Hot Lake Hotel (1906), La Grande (NRHP)
- Oregon State University buildings (1907–1941), part of the Oregon State University Historic District, Corvallis (NRHP):2
- Poultry Building and Incubator House (1913 remodel and 1907 design), 800 SW Washington Ave, Corvallis (NRHP)
- Cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales (c. 1905), Baker City, Oregon
Bennes, Hendricks & Tobey (1906-1909)
- Thomas M. Baldwin House (1907), 126 W 1st St, Prineville (NRHP)
- Cornelius Hotel (1908), 525 SW Park Ave, Portland (NRHP)
- Dacres Hotel (1907 remodel), 4th and Main streets, Walla Walla, Washington (NRHP)
- L. B. Menefee House (1908), 1634 SW Myrtle St, Portland (NRHP)
- First Presbyterian Church (1909), Corvallis
Bennes, Hendricks & Thompson (1909-1911)
- Page and Son Apartments (1909), 723–37 E Burnside, Portland (NRHP)
- William Bittle Wells House (1910), 1515 SW Clifton St, Portland (NRHP)
Bennes and Hendricks (1911-1913)
- Broadway Hotel (1913), Portland (NRHP)
- Hamilton Hotel (1913), Portland, cataloged by the Historic American Buildings Survey, now demolished
- Pacific Hardware & Steel Company Warehouse (1911), 2181 NW Nicolai St, Portland (NRHP)
- Treves Hotel (Joyce Hotel) (1912), 1035-1039 SW Stark St, Portland
- Astoria City Hall (1923), 1095 Duane St, Astoria, originally Astoria Savings Bank, which closed in 1929; the building became Astoria's City Hall in 1939 (NRHP contributing to the Astoria Downtown Historic District)
- Coleman–Scott House (1916), 2110 NE 16th Ave, Portland (NRHP)
- H. Liebes and Company Building (1917), 625 SW Broadway, Portland (NRHP)
- Heppner Hotel (1919), 124 N Main St, Heppner (NRHP)
- Howard Hall (1923), Salem, part of the former Oregon School for the Blind, demolished in 2015
- A. H. Maegly House (1914), 226 SW Kingston St, Portland (NRHP):36
- Abraham Tichner House (1918), 114 SW Kingston Ave, Portland (NRHP)
Bennes & Herzog (1925-1931)
- John Bexell House (1926), 3009 NW Van Buren Ave, Corvallis (NRHP)
- Churchill Hall (1925), Southern Oregon University, Ashland
- Hollywood Theatre (1923), 4122 NE Sandy Blvd, Portland (NRHP)
- Inlow Hall (1927), Eastern Oregon University, La Grande (NRHP)
- Jeanne Manor Apartment Building (1931), 1431 SW Park Ave, Portland (NRHP)
- Liberty Theatre (1924), Astoria (NRHP)
- B'nai B'rith Summer Camp (1928), Grand Ronde
- Parkway Manor (1931), 1609 SW Park Ave, Portland
Notes and references
- Landis, Larry. "John V. Bennes (1867-1943)". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Johnson, Ian (January 12, 2009). "Architect-Designed Portland Warehouse Listed in the National Register of Historic Places". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department News.
- Albright, Mary Ann (March 2, 2007). "Case closed as buildings make list". Gazette-Times.
- "John Bennes". Cinema Treasures.
- "Bagdad Theater". Cinema Treasures.
- Hedman, Arnie; Belsma, Ronnie; Lynch, James (April 23, 1982). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Heppner Hotel" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "John Virginius Bennes". Pennsylvania College of Art and Design. University of Washington Library. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Ferriday 1984, p. 133.
- "John Virginius Bennes, Architect [1867-1943]". Living Places. The Gombach Group. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Oregon State University Historic District Archived 2010-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. section 8, page 22 U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service
- Hickman 1907, p. 46.
- "Campus Tour and Information". Eastern Oregon University.
- Njus, Elliot (February 5, 2015). "Landmark Portland Buildings to be Transformed into Hotel". The Oregonian. p. B6. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Church's Building Well Worth Preserving, Larry Landis, February 01, 2001.
- Cachot Therkelsen Collection 1906-1952 University of Oregon Libraries
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- Edmonston, George P., Jr. "Up Close and Personal: Campus Tour". OSU Alumni Association. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Baker County Friends of the Library 2002, p. 101.
- Hamilton Hotel (Venable Hotel) HABS No. OR-159 Historic American Buildings Survey
- Alma Hotel[permanent dead link] National Register of Historic Places registration form.[dead link]
- Engeman, Jessica (June 30, 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Pacific Hardware & Steel Company Warehouse" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- Astoria Archived 2010-01-21 at the Wayback Machine.
- Rose, Michael (September 4, 2014). "City's Howard Hall Demo Decision Appealed to State Board". Statesman Journal. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Soo, Saerom (February 6, 2015). "Howard Hall Demolition Begins". Statesman Journal. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- "Churchill Hall, Southern Oregon University (Ashland, Oregon)". University of Oregon Digital Archives. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Clatsop County National Register of Historic Places
- "Apartment Houses Rise". The Oregonian. Portland, Oregon: Oregonian Media Group. January 8, 1931. p. 24.
- "Lieuallen Administration Building". Western Oregon University. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Baker County Friends of the Library (2002). Historic Baker City, Oregon. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-738-52070-4.
- Hickman, Sylvester (1907). Genealogy of the Hickman family: Beginning with Roger Hickman of Kent County, Delaware. Press of Cameron, Amberg & Co.
- Ferriday, Virginia (1984). Last of the Handmade Buildings: Glazed Terra Cotta in downtown Portland. Mark Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-961-40390-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Virginius Bennes.|
- Landis, Larry. "John V. Bennes (1867-1943)". The Oregon Encyclopedia.
- John Bennes and OSU's Architectural Legacy, 1907-1941, OSU archives
- Flickr OSU archive Bennes set
- Photos of Astoria City Hall and Liberty Theatre downtown Astoria, PortlandBridges