John W. Harreld

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John W. Harreld
John William Harreld.jpg
United States Senator
from Oklahoma
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1927
Preceded by Thomas Gore
Succeeded by Elmer Thomas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 5th district
In office
November 8, 1919 – March 4, 1921
Preceded by Joseph Bryan Thompson
Succeeded by Fletcher B. Swank
Personal details
Born John William Harreld
(1872-01-24)January 24, 1872
Morgantown, Kentucky
Died December 26, 1950(1950-12-26) (aged 78)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Laura Ward
Thurlow Ward
Alma mater Bryant & Stratton Business College, Louisville, Kentucky

John William Harreld (January 24, 1872 – December 26, 1950) was a United States Representative and Senator from Oklahoma. Harreld was the first Republican senator elected in Oklahoma and represented a shift in Oklahoma politics.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Harreld was born near Morgantown, Kentucky to Martha Helm and Thomas Nelson Harreld.[2] He attended public schools, the normal school at Lebanon, Ohio, and Bryant & Stratton Business College of Louisville, Kentucky, where he taught while studying law.[where?][3] Admitted to the bar in 1889, he begin his practice in Morgantown.[3] He was prosecuting attorney of Butler County from 1892 to 1896.[3] After marrying Laura Ward on October 20, 1889, and having a son, Ward,[2] he moved to Ardmore, Oklahoma in 1906.[3] He was a referee in bankruptcy from 1908 to 1915, when he resigned to become an executive with an oil corporation.[3] He moved to Oklahoma City in 1917 and engaged in the production of oil and continued the practice of law.[3] After his first wife's death, he married his wife's sister, Thurlow Ward, in 1931.[2]

Political career[edit]

Harreld was elected, on November 8, 1919, as a Republican to the Sixty-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph B. Thompson[2] and served from November 8, 1919, to March 4, 1921. He was not a candidate for renomination, having become a candidate for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senator; he was elected to the Senate in 1920 and served from March 4, 1921, to March 4, 1927; he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1926.[3] He served as Senate chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs.[3] He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1940 to the Seventy-seventh Congress and returned to Oklahoma City, where he continued the practice of law and his interest in the oil business.[3] He died there in 1950, and was interred in Fairlawn Cemetery.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaddie, Ronald Keith, "Republican Party," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Archived 2009-04-16 at the Wayback Machine. (accessed May 21, 2010).
  2. ^ a b c d e Kosmerick, Todd J., "Harreld, John William," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Archived 2009-04-16 at the Wayback Machine. (accessed May 21, 2010).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Congressional Biography: Harreld, John William (accessed May 21, 2010).

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Joseph Bryan Thompson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 5th congressional district

1919–1921
Succeeded by
Fletcher B. Swank
United States Senate
Preceded by
Thomas Gore
U.S. Senator from Oklahoma
1921-1927
Succeeded by
Elmer Thomas