John W. Kluge Center
|Founder(s)||John Kluge, James H. Billington|
|Mission||To bring together scholars and researchers from around the world to stimulate and energize one another, to distill wisdom from the Library's rich resources, and to interact with policymakers and the public.|
|Focus||Humanities, social sciences, politics, foreign policy, astrobiology|
|Faculty||appx 100 scholars per year|
|Key people||John Kluge, James H. Billington, Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Robert Gallucci, Jason Steinhauer, Mary Lou Reker, Dan Turello, Travis Hensley|
|Location||101 Independence Avenue SE, Washington, D.C., United States|
The John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress invites and welcomes scholars to the Library of Congress to conduct research and interact with policymakers and the public. It also manages the Library of Congress Kluge Scholars' Council and administers the Kluge Prize.
Established in 2000 within the restored Thomas Jefferson Building, the Center is named for its benefactor, John W. Kluge who donated $60 million to support an academic center where accomplished senior scholars and junior post-doctoral fellows might gather to make use of the Library's collections and to interact with members of Congress.
The Kluge Center invites three levels of scholars: senior scholars, post-doctoral fellows, and doctoral candidates. Past scholars have included Václav Havel, Jaroslav Pelikan, John Hope Franklin, Robert V. Remini, Romila Thapar, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Abdolkarim Soroush, David Grinspoon, Steven J. Dick, and Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick among many.
The Kluge Center hosts frequent public lectures, conferences, symposia and other scholarly events based on the work of its scholars.
The Kluge Center was founded in 2000 with a gift to the Library of Congress by philanthropist John W. Kluge. The gift was announced on October 5, 2000, in a joint press conference by Sen. Ted Stevens (R-Alaska), then Chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library, Rep. Bill Thomas (R-California), then Vice-Chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library, and James H. Billington, then the Librarian of Congress. The Center opened in summer 2002, welcoming its first scholars in July and August.
The Kluge Center charter states that the Kluge Center will "bring a small number of the world's best thinkers into residence at the Library of Congress. The Center will assemble the finest minds characterized by broad historical or philosophical vision and capable of providing dispassionate wisdom and intelligent mediation of the knowledge in the Library's collections and of the information streaming into the Library via the Internet. They will have the opportunity through residence in the Jefferson Building both to distill wisdom from the rich resources of the Library and to stimulate, through informal conversations and meetings, Members of Congress, their support staffs and the broader public policy community. The Center's Scholars and Fellows will help bridge the divide between knowledge and power."
The charter establishes five positions for people of great scholarly accomplishment, Kluge Chairs, in the areas of American Law and Governance, Countries and Cultures of the North, Countries and Cultures of the South, Technology and Society and Modern Culture. The charter also stipulates that the Kluge Center will be home to a Henry A. Kissinger Chair in Foreign Policy and International Relations, Harissios Papamarkou Chair in Education, and Cary and Ann Maguire Chair in American History and Ethics. The charter adds that invitations to additional distinguished visiting scholars may be made to pursue special projects.
The charter commits the Center to accommodating younger scholars as Fellows, particularly scholars at the post-doctoral level. The selection of the Fellows is by competition.
The Kluge Center has hosted several notable scholars from the academic and political worlds, including:
- John Hope Franklin, Historian, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Vaclav Havel, Politician & playwright, Chair in Modern Culture
- Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Politician & sociologist, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Jean Bethke Elshtain, Ethicist, Maguire Chair in Ethics and American History
- Marie Arana, Author, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Manuel Castells, Sociologist, Chair in Technology and Society
- Wendy Hall, Computer scientist, Chair in Technology and Society
- Steven J. Dick, Astronomer, NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology
- David Grinspoon, Planetary Scientist, NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology
- Major R. Owens, U.S. Congressman, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Mark Noll, Historian, Maguire Chair in Ethics and American History
- William Julius Wilson, Sociologist, Chair in American Law and Governance
- Raja Mohan, Foreign Policy analyst, Kissinger Chair in Foreign Policy and International Relations
- Romila Thapar, Historian, Chair in Countries & Cultures of the South
- Jeffrey C. Alexander, Sociologist, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Robert V. Remini, Historian, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- William Roger Louis, Historian, Chair in Countries & Cultures of the North
- Abdolkarim Soroush, Philosopher, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, Theologian, Distinguished Visiting Scholar
- Morton Kondracke, Journalist, Kemp Chair in Political Economy
- Aaron Friedberg, Foreign Policy analyst, Kissinger Chair in Foreign Policy and International Relations
- Neil Smelser, Sociologist, Chair in Countries and Cultures of the North
- Maya Jasanoff, Historian, Kluge Fellow
The Kluge Center participates in several partnerships that bring scholars to the Library of Congress for periods of residential research. These include partnerships with:
- NASA - on the Baruch S. Blumberg NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology
- Arts and Humanities Research Council - to bring scholars based in the United Kingdom to the Library of Congress for up to six months
- American Council of Learned Societies - for Recently Tenured Scholars to conduct research at the Library of Congress
- American Historical Association - on the J. Franklin Jameson Fellowship in American History
- Bavarian American Academy - for students and graduates at Bavarian universities
- Black Mountain Institute at University of Nevada, Las Vegas
In June 2015, the Kluge Center celebrated its 15th anniversary with an event titled #ScholarFest. The event brought back to Washington some of the Center's best scholars for two days of "lightning conversations" on Capitol Hill. The Washington Post described the event as "speed dating for the intelligentsia."
- "Kluge Center Mission". The John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- See the "History" page of The John W. Kluge Center website
- "John Kluge Donates $60 Million to Library of Congress for Study Center and Prize" Library of Congress
- "Kluge Center Welcomes Arriving Scholars Starting in July and August, 2002" Library of Congress
- Kluge Center charter
- The John W. Kluge Center: List of Past Resident Scholars
- The John W. Kluge Center: List of Partnership Fellowships
- "John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress celebrates 15 years with scholarly reunion". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 18, 2016.