John Wesley Snyder (US Cabinet Secretary)

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John W. Snyder
Portrait of John W. Snyder.jpg
painted by Greta Kempton
54th United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
June 25, 1946 – January 20, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Fred M. Vinson
Succeeded by George M. Humphrey
Personal details
Born John Wesley Snyder
(1895-06-21)June 21, 1895
Jonesboro, Arkansas, U.S.
Died October 8, 1985(1985-10-08) (aged 90)
Seabrook Island, South Carolina, U.S.
Resting place Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Evlyn Cook Snyder
(m. January 5, 1920 - d.)
Children Edith Drucie Snyder
Alma mater Vanderbilt University
Signature

John Wesley Snyder (June 21, 1895 – October 8, 1985) was an American businessman and senior federal government official. Thanks to a close personal friendship with President Harry S Truman, he became Secretary of the Treasury in the Truman administration. Historian Alonzo Hamby emphasizes Snyder's conservatism, stating that he was:

openly skeptical of New Dealism, broad-gauged social programs, and intellectuals who believed the economy could be run from Washington.[1]

Early life[edit]

Snyder was born in Jonesboro, Arkansas, on June 21, 1895, to Jesse Hartwell Snyder and his wife Ellen (Hatcher). He studied at Vanderbilt University's engineering school for one year before serving in the Army during World War I.

Washington[edit]

Snyder moved to Washington in the early 1930s with a broad background in banking and business. He held several public and private offices including National Bank Receiver in the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Loan Administrator, and Director of War Mobilization and Reconversion. In the last office he played a leading part in the transition of the American economy from a wartime to a peacetime basis. Liberals complained that he removed federal controls on the economy too quickly after the war, hurting consumers, delaying the housing program and bankrupting small businesses. His biographer says, "His handling of the steel crisis in 1946 was an even greater fiasco."[2]

Treasury Secretary[edit]

Snyder was appointed Secretary of the Treasury in 1946 by his close personal friend President Harry S. Truman, with whom he had served in the Army Reserves. Editorials criticized the cronyism and said his narrow range of experience made him unfit for the job.[3] His task as Secretary was to establish a stable postwar economy. The main points of his program were maintaining confidence in the credit of the government, reducing the federal debt, keeping the interest rate low, and encouraging public thrift through investment in U.S. Savings Bonds. A deeply conservative businessman, he had faith that the free economy would work itself out. He reduced the national debt while balancing the budget. He was reluctant to spend large sums on the Marshall Plan of aid to Europe. Snyder had little diplomatic experience, and in his negotiations with British leadership regarding Britain's need for dollars, he angered his counterparts. Paul Nitze, an American negotiator, recalled a meeting in Washington in September 1949:

at one point Secretary Snyder made some very -- well, remarks which I thought were wholly undiplomatic and rude and showed his lack of concern for the UK problem (the general sense of them was why didn't the UK get a hold of itself, and why didn't its people do some work for change and why don't you cure those productivity problems in the United Kingdom, and why don't you get off your butt).[4]

At another meeting his British counterpart, Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Gaitskell, concluded that Snyder was, "a pretty small minded, small town semi-isolationist.” Happily for the British Snyder was outmaneuvered by Secretary of State Dean Acheson, who was much more sympathetic.[5]

Snyder funded the Korean War by increasing taxes. He feuded constantly with the Federal Reserve system, until it became more independent in 1951. He retired from government in 1953 at the end of Truman's second term.

Snyder died in Seabrook Island, South Carolina, on October 8, 1985, at the age of 90, and was buried in Washington National Cathedral.

Snyder (right) as the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, with the Truman cabinet, 1949.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alonzo Hamby (1995). Man of the People: A Life of Harry S. Truman. Oxford UP. p. 374. 
  2. ^ Vibha Kapuria-Foreman (1996), p 343
  3. ^ Vibha Kapuria-Foreman (1996), p 343
  4. ^ Peter Hennessy, Never Again: Britain 1945-1951 (2006) p 340.
  5. ^ Kenneth O. Morgan, Labour in power, 1945-1951 (1985) p 479

Further reading[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Fred M. Vinson
U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: Harry S. Truman

1946–1953
Succeeded by
George M. Humphrey