John Walker Maury
John Walker Maury (1809–1855) was an American politician. He served as the fifteenth Mayor of Washington, D.C. for one two-year term, from 1852 to 1854.
John Walker Maury was born in Caroline County, Virginia in 1809 to a Maury family, a prominent Virginia family. His great-grandfather, Reverend James Maury, had founded the Maury Classical School for Boys at which Thomas Jefferson was his student for two years. His grandfather, Walker Maury, was headmaster of a school in Williamsburg; his great-uncle, "Consul" James Maury, was the United States' first consul to Liverpool, England, appointed by George Washington; and his uncle, Matthew Fontaine Maury, was a famous and accomplished oceanographer.
At the age of only 26, the popular John Walker Maury was elected to the Washington Common Council, serving for five years until declining to run again in 1840. However, one year afterward he was elected to the Board of Aldermen. His abilities were so admired that when he was only 37 years old, in 1846, he was selected to replace the late John P. Van Ness as the president of the National Bank of the Metropolis.
As mayor, Maury had two significant accomplishments. He and the philanthropist William Wilson Corcoran convinced Congress to appropriate funds for the Government Hospital for the Insane, now known as St. Elizabeths. He also oversaw the start of construction of Washington's public waterworks. Additionally, he appropriated the money to pay sculptor Clark Mills to complete the statue of Andrew Jackson that stands in Lafayette Square, across the street from the White House.
In 1854, at the peak of the Know-Nothing movement in American politics, Maury was unseated by Know-Nothing candidate John T. Towers. He died one year later, shortly before his 46th birthday. His son William Arden Maury would recall that "There was, perhaps, never a greater outpouring of the people from President Pierce and the venerable Senator Benton down to the humblest citizen than was seen at his funeral." 
He was interred at Congressional Cemetery in Washington.
Maury Elementary School in Washington D.C. was named in honor of John Walker Maury who was the 14th Mayor of the city of Washington.
- Belva Lockwood And The 'Way Of The World' Archived July 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Historic Congressional Cemetery - D.C. Schools Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Columbia Historical Society (1916). Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington. 19. Washington, D.C.: The Society.
- "History", Maury Elementary School[permanent dead link]
|Mayor of Washington, D.C.
John T. Towers
Maury family tree