John Wellesley Thomas

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Lieut-General John Wellesley Thomas, CB.jpg

Lieutenant-General Sir John Wellesley Thomas, KCB (1822- 6 February 1908) was a distinguished British military officer who served in Afghanistan, Australia, and China. He was the commander of the British military and police forces that quelled the rebellion at the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia in 1854.

Sir John W. Thomas, who was an elder son of the Admiral Jennings Thomas, R.N., was born in 1822. He received his first commission in 1839. He served with the 40th Regiment of Foot in Afghanistan in 1841-42, and he was also present at the action of Maharajpur, when he was severely wounded. His decorations for those engagements included the clasps "Kandahar, Kabul, Ghuznee" and the bronze start for Maharajpur. In 1854 he commanded detachments in the operations in Australia against the insurgents at the Ballarat goldfields. In North China in 1860 he served with the 67th Regiment of Foot and was wounded when in command of a half-battalion attacking the North Taku Fort. For this campaign he was mentioned in despatches and given a C.B.[1] Two years later, when being promoted to colonel,[2] he commanded the 67th Regiment and a brigade at the second capture of Khading in the Taiping rebellion. This was his last active service. He was promoted to Major-General in 1877[3] and retired in 1881 with the honorary rank of lieutenant-general.[4] In 1882 he was appointed to the colonelcy of the Hampshire Regiment,[5] and in 1904 was made a K.C.B.[6][7]

Thomas died 8 February 1908,[8] and was buried at Kensal Green, London[7]


  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22485. pp. 1006–1007. 1 March 1861. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22804. p. 100. 8 January 1864. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24508. p. 5459. 2 October 1877. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25039. p. 5620. 18 November 1881. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26476. p. 316. 16 January 1894. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27688. p. 4007. 21 June 1904. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  7. ^ a b "Obituary". The Times. 8 February 1908. p. 10. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 2010-05-23.