John Wentworth (lieutenant governor, born 1671)
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|Lieutenant Governor of New Hampshire|
|Preceded by||George Vaughan|
|Succeeded by||David Dunbar|
|Born||January 16, 1671|
Portsmouth, Province of New Hampshire
|Died||December 12, 1730(aged 59)|
|Children||Benning, Hunking, Hannah, Sarah, John, William, Mary, Samuel, Mark Hunking, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Ebenezer, Daniel, George|
|Parents||Samuel Wentworth and Mary Benning|
|Occupation||Lt Governor of the Province of New Hampshire, seacaptain, merchant, counsellor, Justice of the Common Pleas|
He was a grandson of "Elder" William Wentworth (born at Alford, Lincolnshire, England, in 1615; died in Dover, New Hampshire, March 16, 1697), an early settler in New England. William was a follower of the Rev. John Wheelwright. With him and 33 others, William signed, August 4, 1639, “A Combination for a Government at Exeter, N. H.” William moved to Wells, Maine, with Wheelwright; and when the latter went to England on the accession of Oliver Cromwell to power, William moved to Dover, where he was a ruling elder and often preached. On his death, he left a widow, nine sons, and one daughter.
John Wentworth was raised to be a sea captain. In 1712 he was appointed by Queen Anne a councillor for New Hampshire; in 1713 he became a justice of the common pleas, and late in 1717 lieutenant governor. Before New Hampshire received its own Royal Governor in 1741, its governors were also commissioned to govern the neighboring Province of Massachusetts Bay, where they spent most of their time. Consequently the lieutenant governors exercised significant power. As lieutenant governor, John Wentworth had little function in the government for several years. Then in January 1723, Governor Samuel Shute abruptly returned to England, so Wentworth took over in New Hampshire, governing until the arrival of Shute's replacement, William Burnet, in 1728. He continued as Lt. Governor until his death in 1730, again governing between Burnet's death in 1729 and the arrival of Jonathan Belcher in 1730. During his administration he brought focus on the border dispute between New Hampshire and Massachusetts, cultivating power centers in London that eventually led to resolution of that dispute (albeit in 1740, long after his death), and establishing the dynasty that would dominate New Hampshire until independence.
On October 12, 1693 Wentworth married Sara Hunking. The couple had thirteen children, three of whom (Samuel, Benning, and Mark Hunking Wentworth) would become prominent themselves. Benning Wentworth was later the first directly appointed royal governor of New Hampshire. Mark's son in his turn would also become the last royal governor, John Wentworth.
- "Publications - A Guide to Likenesses of New Hampshire Officials and Governors on Public Display at the Legislative Office Building and the State House Concord, New Hampshire, to 1998" http://www.nh.gov/nhdhr/publications/glikeness/wentjohn.html accessed June 25, 2010.
- John Norris McClintock, Colony, province, state, 1623-1888: History of New Hampshire, (1889), p. 174 at: Google Books accessed August 27, 2010
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). The American Cyclopædia. .
- John Wentworth, Wentworth Genealogy: English and American, 1878, vol. 1, pp.178-183 as found at Google books.