John Wesley Dafoe
John Wesley Dafoe
|Died||January 10, 1944 (aged 77)|
|Title||Editor of the Manitoba Free Press (1901–1944)|
John Wesley Dafoe (8 March 1866 – 9 January 1944) was a Canadian journalist. From 1901 to 1944 he was the editor of the Manitoba Free Press, later named the Winnipeg Free Press. He also wrote several books, including a biography of Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Dafoe was one of the country's most influential and powerful journalists. During his tenure, the Free Press was among the most important newspapers in Canada and was considered one of the great newspapers of the world. His influence extended to the very centre of Canadian power, both through his writing and his close relations with his employers, the Liberal Sifton family.
In 1919, he did not give unqualified support to the Business side during the strong Labour-Capital confrontation that was the Winnipeg General strike.
Dafoe accompanied Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King to several imperial conferences and was asked by the Prime Minister to sit on the Rowell–Sirois Commission studying federal–provincial relations. Dafoe opposed appeasement of fascist dictators and urged the government to prepare for a major war, which he accurately predicted would begin in 1939.
He advocated free trade policies.
His son, Edwin Dafoe, became managing editor of the Free Press and his grandson, John Dafoe, became the editor of The Montreal Star and later editorial page editor of the Winnipeg Free Press. His grandson Christopher Dafoe was editor of The Beaver.
- "Over the Canadian Battlefields" (1919)
- Laurier: A Study in Canadian Politics (1922)
- Canada: An American Nation (1935)
- "Dafoe Foundation Home". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
born in Combermere in the Ottawa Valley on March 8, 1866 to homesteading "rock farmers" Calvin and Mary Dafoe. Farm poverty forced Calvin to lumber jacking. At 13, young Dafoe was sent to school in Arnprior, return to teach at 15 at Bark Lake, 20km from the homestead. In 1883, Dafoe put the classroom behind him and became a cub reporter at the Montreal Star, under editor Hugh Graham. Within a year he was flung into the political environment as parliamentary correspondent for the Star. He moved from the Montreal Star in 1885 to become editor of the Ottawa Evening Star, within six months had been snapped up to take a job as a reporter at the then-Manitoba Free Press. Dafoe married Alice Parmalee in 1890 after a seven-year friendship dating from his early days in Ottawa. They had seven children. Dafoe so like the prairies he encouraged his family to up-stakes in Combermere and move west. They settled in Killarney. But Dafoe had not found his slot. He was wooed away to the Montreal Herald for two years. But when the Herald went bankrupt and the fill-in jobs didn’t appeal, the couple returned to Winnipeg with a good contract from Sifton that gave him full editorial control of the newspaper, which included unqualified support for free trade (contrary to his owner’s position). Dafoe was at the Peace Conference in Paris in 1919, when the violence of the Winnipeg Strike burst onto the streets. But he made his position felt editorially and it didn’t favor big unionism. He was perceived as siding with the community’s elite and his reference to immigrant "aliens" painted him with a streak of intolerance not uncharacteristic of the successful British stock, which lived in comparative privilege. Dafoe died at 77 on Jan. 10, 1944, having filled the editor’s chair for 44 years. He made the paper one of the most respected in the world for his positions on the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations, the British Commonwealth's formation, the shame of "peace with honor", the travesties of Japan in China and its much later attack on Pearl Harbor, the horrors of Hitler and Mussolini and Canada’s role in processing the world war. Tributes from around the world filled the paper.
- Douglas Fetherling. "John Wesley Dafoe". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Dafoe-Sifton Correspondence 1919-1927, Nov. 10, 1920
- Fetherling, Douglas. "Dafoe, John Wesley". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- Bélanger, Damien-Claude (2004). "John Wesley Dafoe". Biographies of Prominent Quebec and Canadian Historical Figures at Marianopolis College. Archived from the original on 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- Cook, Ramsay (1963). The politics of John W. Dafoe and the Free Press. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-5119-6.
- Dafoe, John Wesley (1966). The Dafoe-Sifton correspondence, 1919-1927. Winnipeg: Manitoba Record Society.
- Donnelly, Murray S. (1968). Dafoe of the Free Press. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada.
- Description of John W. Dafoe's archives at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
- Works by John Wesley Dafoe at Project Gutenberg
- Works by J. W. (John Wesley) Dafoe at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by or about John Wesley Dafoe at Internet Archive