John Wesley Hoyt

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John Wesley Hoyt

Dr. John Wesley Hoyt (October 13, 1831 – May 23, 1912) was an American politician and educator. Hoyt was the third Governor of Wyoming Territory.[1]

Early life[edit]

Hoyt was born in Worthington, Ohio and graduated from the Ohio Wesleyan University in 1849.[2] He attended the Cincinnati Law School and Ohio Medical College before attaining his medical degree from the Eclectic Medical Institute in Ohio in 1853.[3]


In 1857, Hoyt moved to Wisconsin and became active in politics. While in Wisconsin, he served as manager of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society and was editor for the Wisconsin Farmer and Northern Cultivator.[4] He served as United States and Wisconsin commissioner to the 1862 International Exhibition in London and again at the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris.[5] From 1874 to 1876, he was chairman of the Wisconsin Board of Railroad Commissioners.[6]

On April 10, 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Hoyt as governor of the Territory of Wyoming, replacing John Thayer. He served in that capacity until 1882.[7]

Hoyt was a strong supporter of education. Under the direction of Secretary of State William H. Seward he prepared a large study on education in America and Europe. In 1887, following a brief time living in California, Hoyt returned to Wyoming to become the first president of the University of Wyoming.[8] He later lobbied strongly for the creation of a national university. He died in Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1912.


John Wesley Hoyt is the namesake of Hoyt Peak in Yellowstone National Park.[9]


  1. ^ "Governors of Wyoming". State of Wyoming. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  2. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  3. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  4. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  5. ^ Larson, T.A. History of Wyoming. OECD Online Bookshop. pp. 133–134. ISBN 92-64-17123-1.
  6. ^ Bashford, R. M., ed. The Legislative Manual of the State of Wisconsin: Comprising the Constitutions of the United States and of the State of Wisconsin, Jefferson's Manual, Forms and Laws for the Regulation of Business; also, lists and tables for reference, etc. Fourteenth Annual Edition. Madison: Atwood and Culver, Printers and Stereotypers, 1875; p. 204
  7. ^ "Hoyt, John Wesley (1831-1912)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  8. ^ "Hoyt, John Welsley 1831-1912". Wisconsin Historical Society.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 162.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Thayer
Governor of Wyoming Territory
Succeeded by
William Hale