John West, 1st Earl De La Warr

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John West, 1st Earl De La Warr
Royal Governor of New Jersey
In office
June 20, 1737 – September

, Resigned, never having entered upon his duties.

Colonial governor of New York
In office
June 20, 1737 – September , Resigned, never having entered upon his duties.
Lieutenant George Clarke
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
In office
1747–1752
Preceded by Adam Williamson
Succeeded by Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan
Governor of the Bailiwick of Guernsey
In office
1752 – 16 March 1766
Preceded by Field Marshal Sir John Ligonier
Succeeded by Lt. Gen. Sir Richard Lyttelton
Personal details
Born The Honourable John West
4 April 1693
England
Died 16 March 1766
Spouse(s) Lady Charlotte MacCarthy, Anne Walker
Children Diana, John, George Augustus, Henrietta
Profession Military Officer, Governor

Lieutenant-General John West, 1st Earl De La Warr KB, PC, FRS (4 April 1693 – 16 March 1766), styled The Honourable John West until 1723 and known as The Lord De La Warr between 1723 and 1761, was a British soldier, courtier and politician.

Background[edit]

West was the son of John West, 6th Baron De La Warr, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of John Freeman, a London merchant.[1][2]

Military and political career[edit]

After travelling in Europe West was appointed Clerk-Extraordinary of the Privy Council in 1712.[1] In 1715 he was returned to parliament as one of two representatives for Grampound, a seat he held until 1722.[2][3] In 1715 he also became a guidon and 1st major of the 1st Troop of Horse Guards and was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1717.[1][2] In 1723 he succeeded his father in the barony of De La Warr and entered the House of Lords.[2] He was appointed a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I[4] and made a Knight of the Order of the Bath in 1725. In 1728 he was admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1][2]

In 1731 Lord De La Warr was sworn of the Privy Council[5] and appointed Treasurer of the Household, a position he held until 1737.[1][2] In 1732 he was appointed speaker of the House of Lords in the absence of Lord King, the Lord Chancellor. He was a supporter of tough sanctions against the city of Edinburgh after the Porteous Riots of 1736. The latter year he was sent on a special mission to Germany to escort Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha to Britain, where she was to become the wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Lord Hervey, who described De La Warr as a "long, lank, awkward person", thought that "no fitter selection could have been made to disarm the jealousy of the prince, and that a more unpolished ambassador for such an occasion could not have been found in any of the Goth or Vandal courts of Germany." De La Warr and the future Princess of Wales landed at Greenwich in April 1736.[1]

In 1737 De La Warr was appointed Governor of New York and New Jersey. However, he never traveled to America.[6] He continued his military career while being active in the House of Lords and fought at the Battle of Netting in 1743 during the War of the Austrian Succession.[1] He became a Brigadier-General in 1743, a Major-General in 1745, a Lieutenant-General in 1747 and a General of the Horse in 1765[1][7] and was Colonel of the 1st Troop of Horse Guards between 1737 and 1766.[7] In 1752 he was appointed Governor of Guernsey, a post he held until his death.[7] In 1761 George III created him Viscount Cantaloupe and Earl De La Warr.[8]

Family[edit]

Lord De La Warr was twice married. He married firstly Charlotte, daughter of Donaugh MacArthur, 4th Earl of Clarity, in 1722. They had two sons and two daughters, including Lady Diana, wife of Sir John Clavering.[1] After his first wife's death in February 1735 he married secondly Anne, daughter of Nehemiah Walker and widow of Lord Bergavenny, in 1742. There were no children from this marriage. Anne died in June 1748. Lord De La Warr remained a widower until his death in March 1766, aged 72. He was succeeded by his eldest son, John, Viscount Cantaloupe.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "West, John (1693-1766)". Dictionary of National Biography 60. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 332–333. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f thepeerage.com Lt.-Gen. John West, 1st Earl De La Warr
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 6378. p. 1. 1 June 1725.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 6995. p. 1. 12 June 1731.
  6. ^ New Jersey Colonial Documents, Archives of the State of New Jersey, First Series, Vol. V; Daily Advertiser Publishing House, Newark, New Jersey, 1882. pp. 490-491
  7. ^ a b c d the-peerage.com
  8. ^ London Gazette |issue=10088 |date=17 March 1761 |start-page=3
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Andrew Quick
Thomas Coke
Member of Parliament for Grampound
1715–1722
With: Charles Cooke 1715–1721
Richard West 1721–1722
Succeeded by
Marquess of Hartington
Humphry Morice
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Bingley
Treasurer of the Household
1731–1737
Succeeded by
The Earl FitzWalter
Military offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Montagu
Captain and Colonel of
His Majesty's Own Troop of Horse Guards

1737–1766
Succeeded by
The Earl De La Warr
Preceded by
Adam Williamson
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
1747–1752
Succeeded by
The Lord Cadogan
Preceded by
Sir John Ligonier
Governor of Guernsey
1752–1766
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Lyttelton
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl De La Warr
1761–1766
Succeeded by
John West
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John West
Baron De La Warr
1723–1766
Succeeded by
John West