John William Sterling
|John William Sterling|
May 12, 1844|
|Died||July 5, 1918
Causapscal, Quebec, Canada
|Resting place||Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City, New York
|Alma mater||Yale University
Columbia Law School
|Known for||Co-founder of Shearman & Sterling; bequest of $18 million to Yale University|
Early life and career
John William Sterling was born in Stratford, Connecticut, the son of Catherine Tomlinson (Plant) and John William Sterling. He graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in 1864 and was a member of Skull and Bones and president of Brothers in Unity during his senior year. He graduated from Columbia Law School as the valedictorian of the class of 1867 and was admitted to the bar in that year. He obtained an M.A. degree in 1874. He became a corporate lawyer in New York, and helped found the law firm of Shearman & Sterling in 1871, a firm that represented Jay Gould, Henry Ford, the Rockefeller family, and Standard Oil.
On his death in 1918, Sterling left a residuary estate of $15 million to Yale, at the time the "largest sum of money ever donated to an institution of higher learning in history"—equivalent to about $200 million in 2011 dollars. After the estate appraisal was complete a year later, the Yale bequest was "about $18 million." He required Yale to fund "at least one enduring, useful and architecturally beautiful building, which will constitute a fitting Memorial of my gratitude to and affection for my alma mater" and "the foundation of Scholarships, Fellowships or Lectureships, the endowment of new professorships and the establishment of special funds for prizes"—these mandates led to the construction of the Sterling Memorial Library, Sterling Law Building, the Hall of Graduate Studies, and the Sterling Hall of Medicine, and the endowment of the Sterling Professorships.
Sterling never married. In 2003, historian Jonathan Ned Katz uncovered evidence that Sterling lived for nearly fifty years in a same-sex intimate partnership with cotton broker James O. Bloss.
- Prominent and progressive Americans: an encyclopædia of contemporaneous biography, Volume 2. New York Tribune. 1904. p. 212.
- http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F10713F63B5F1B7A93C5A9178CD85F4C8185F9 John W. Sterling Dies in Canada
- Jay Dockendorf (January 21, 2011). "The Sterling professors of Yale: evolution of a species". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- "Sterling Bequest to Yale". The New York Times. July 15, 1918. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- "Yale Receives bulk of Sterling Estate". The New York Times. August 23, 1919. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- Katz, Jonathan Ned (2008). "John William Sterling and James Orville Bloss, 1870-1918". OutHistory.org. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Sullivan, Will (3 April 2003). "Sterling Sexuality: Was Yale Patron Gay?". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Historian Suggests Sterling Was Gay". Yale Alumni Magazine. May 2003. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Martineau, Kim (30 April 2004). "Yale Puts Focus On Its Gay Past". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- John William Sterling and James Orville Bloss from outhistory.org