John Williams (Continental Congress)
John Williams (March 14, 1731 – October 10, 1799) was a Founding Father of the United States and signer of its Articles of Confederation. He was one of the founders of the University of North Carolina. During the American Revolutionary War, Williams was a colonel in the North Carolina militia. In 1777 and 1778, he was a member of the North Carolina House of Commons and served as Speaker of the House. Williams was a member of the Continental Congress in 1778 and 1779.
Willams served as a superior court judge both during the colonial era and after the new state of North Carolina was established in 1776. Sitting alongside other superior court judges as part of a Court of Conference (forerunner to the North Carolina Supreme Court), Williams heard the landmark case, Bayard v. Singleton, which announced the principle of judicial review on the state level before Marbury v. Madison did so on the federal level.
Family and political career
John Williams was born on July 7, 1704 in Hanover County, Virginia, the son of John Williams Sr and Mary Keeling. He married Mary Womack. They had 6 children, John Williams III, William Williams and Mary (Williams) Farra, Charles, William, Nathaniel who married Elizabeth Keeling, half-sister to the mother of George Washington, and Agatha who married Col. Robert Burton of Granville Co NC. He died on December 1, 1799.
John Williams was commissioned on September 9, 1775 as a Lieutenant Colonel under Col. James Thackston in the Orange County Minutemen Regiment. Both men participated in the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge on February 27, 1776. All Minutemen regiments were disbanded on April 10, 1776.
Family and namesakes
Williams was a first cousin and law partner of Judge Richard Henderson.
- "North Carolina Historical Marker: Bayard v. Singleton". Archived from the original on 2015-02-10. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- Edmonds, M.M. (1996). "John Williams". NCPedia. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- Lewis, J.D. "John Williams". The American Revolution in North Carolina. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
- "North Carolina Historical Marker: Williamsborough". Archived from the original on 2016-05-27. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- United States Congress. "John Williams (id: W000515)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Samuel A. Ashe, ed., Biographical History of North Carolina, vol. 3 (1905).
- Ranck, George Washington (1901). Boonesborough; its founding, pioneer struggles, Indian experiences, Transylvania days, and revolutionary annals. Louisville, Ky., J. P. Morton & company. Retrieved January 4, 2013.