John Williams (Salem, New York)

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John Williams
JohnWilliamsSalemNewYork.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1797
Preceded by James Gordon
Succeeded by Jonas Platt
Personal details
Born September 1752
Died July 22, 1806
Salem, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic-Republican Party, Federalist Party

John Williams (September 1752 – July 22, 1806) was an American physician and politician from Salem, New York.

Life[edit]

Williams was born in Barnstaple, England in September 1752. He received a liberal education, studied medicine and surgery in St. Thomas' Hospital, London, and served for one year as surgeon’s mate on an English man-of-war. He immigrated to America in 1773 and settled in New Perth, Charlotte County, New York (now Salem, Washington County), where he engaged in an extensive medical practice. He married Susanna (Thomas) Turner, and they had four children. After the death of his first wife, he married Mrs. Mary Townley.

Williams was a member of the New York Provincial Congress in 1775; he was reelected and served until its dissolution in 1777. He was appointed surgeon of state militia forces in 1775. Williams was a named colonel of the Charlotte County militia regiment in 1776 and retained command throughout the Revolutionary War. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1777 to 1779[1] when he was expelled for fraud and theft. One act of which he was accused was the submission of false muster and payrolls, which enabled him to draw government money for paying soldiers, but which he then kept. He was also accused of holding of courts-martial which were not authorized by militia regulations and fining soldiers who were found guilty, after which he withheld their salaries to pay the fines.[2] He was later exonerated and resumed his political and military careers.

He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1781 and 1782, and again a member of the New York State Senate from 1782 to 1794. Williams was appointed a member of the first board of regents of the University of the State of New York in 1784. He served as brigadier general of militia in 1786.

During 1788 when the American people were debating whether their states should ratify the proposed Constitution of the United States, Williams was an Anti-Federalist, meaning that he opposed the proposed Constitution.[3] Williams is one of several people suspected of having written very influential Anti-Federalist essays under the pen name Brutus.[4] Williams was subsequently a delegate to the State ratification convention in 1788, where the Anti-Federalists failed to stop the Constitution, but succeeded in obtaining assurances that a Bill of Rights would be added.

He was a member of the Council of Appointment in 1789. In March 1789, Williams received a small number of votes running as a Democratic-Republican in the 5th District for Congress, but was defeated by Federalist Peter Silvester.[5] In January 1793, Williams ran again as a Democratic-Republican for Congress, this time in the 9th District to which Washington County had been re-districted, but was defeated by Federalist James Gordon.[6]

In December 1794, Williams was elected as a Democratic-Republican[7] to the 4th, and in December 1796 was re-elected as a Federalist[8] to the 5th United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1795 to March 3, 1799. In April 1798, he ran for re-election as a Federalist in the 7th District to which Washington County had been re-districted, but was defeated by Democratic-Republican John Thompson.[9] In April 1802, he ran for election again as a Federalist in the 12th District to which Washington County had been re-districted, but was defeated by Democratic-Republican David Thomas.[10]

He was a large landholder; a promoter and director of a company organized to build the Erie Canal as a private enterprise, the project later being taken over and completed by the State, and a judge of the county court. Williams died in Salem on July 22, 1806; his interment was at Salem Revolutionary Cemetery.

The Salem chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution is named for Williams and Israel Harris.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schneiderman, Eric T.; James S. Alesi, John J. Flanagan, Ruth Hassell-Thompson, Andrew J. Lanza, Diane J. Savino, Toby Ann Stavisky, Andrea Stewart-Cousins, Catharine Young (2010). Report of the New York State Senate Select Committee to Investigate the Facts and Circumstances Surrounding the Conviction of Hiram Monserrate on October 15, 2009. New York State Senate. p. 44. 
  2. ^ Peters, Jeremy W. (January 13, 2010). "Monserrate Will Face Sanction Votes". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. A23. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  3. ^ Young, Alfred. The Democratic Republicans of New York: The Origins, 1763-1797, p. 422 (UNC Press Books, 2012).
  4. ^ Johnson, Joel. "'Brutus' and 'Cato' Unmasked: General John Williams's Role in the New York Ratification Debate",(American Antiquarian Society, 2009).
  5. ^ 1789 Election result 5th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
  6. ^ 1793 Election result 9th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
  7. ^ 1794 Election result 9th D.
  8. ^ The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846)
  9. ^ 1798 Election result 7th D.
  10. ^ 1802 Election result 12th D.
  11. ^ New York State Senate, Resolution J629-2009, Commending the Captain Israel Harris-General John Williams Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution upon the occasion of hosting its 2009 Good Citizens of the Year Awards, 2009

Further reading[edit]

  • Ward, Robert B. (2006). New York State Government. Rockefeller Institute Press. ISBN 1-930912-15-3. 
  • Zimmerman, Joseph Francis (2008). The Government and Politics of New York State. State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-7435-6. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Gordon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 9th congressional district

1795–1799
Succeeded by
Jonas Platt