John Winslow (1597–1674)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

John Winslow (1597–1674) was one of several Winslow brothers who came to the Plymouth Colony in its earliest years. His brothers Edward and Gilbert were passengers on the Mayflower in 1620. John Winslow was a passenger on the Fortune in 1621, and two other brothers, Kenelm and Josiah, also settled in New England, arriving before 1632. The Winslow family were involved in all aspects of the Plymouth Colony, producing in the 17th century several governors and making their mark in New England history in both government and business.[1]

English Origins[edit]

John Winslow was born April 16, 1597 in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England.[2] He grew up in Droitwich, Worcestershire, residing there with his parents, Edward Winslow and Magdalene Oliver/Ollyver, one step-brother, four brothers and two sisters. His father was a salt extractor.[3][4]

Life in New England[edit]

John Winslow was a brother of Pilgrim leader Edward Winslow and came to Plymouth in 1621 on the ship Fortune. He was unmarried upon his arrival.[5][6]

Winslow is next mentioned in the 1623 Division of Land, John Winslow, as a single person, had one aker (acre) assigned to him.[7][8][9] In 1626 his name appears on the 53-name list of Purchasers, who were prominent colony men involved in Plymouth investments. Winslow is mentioned next in the 1627 Division of Cattle (also used as a quasi-census), his name appears on the list of Lot 3 with the Standish family and other Winslows, including his brother Edward and wife Susanna (White) and her sons by Pilgrim William White - Resolved and Peregrine. All were Mayflower passengers. Winslow's wife Mary and their son John appear on the list for Lot 6 with other families.[10][11] He was declared a freeman in 1633 and became active in the government of the colony.[12] On July 1, 1633, and again on January 3, 1636/37, the General Court ordered that the passage between Green's Harbor and the sea be enlarged, and the governor, and Assistants, and John Winslow and other prominent men were assigned to apportion costs to "every man" and to supervise the work there, with ten men working at a time. On July 25, 1633, the court noted that John Beavan had covenanted to serve John Winslow as an apprentice for six years and at the end of the term Winslow was to give to him twelve bushels of Indian corn and twenty-five acres of land. On July 23, 1634, Mr. Timothy Hatherly turned over the remaining term of his servant Ephraim Tinkham to John Winslow, and Winslow was obligated to perform the conditions expressed in the indenture. On March 3, 1634/35, John Winslow was on a committee to assess colonists for the costs of the watch and other charges.

As early as January 5, 1635/6, John Winslow, his brother Kenelm Winslow, John Doane and other prominent men were chosen to assist the governor and council to set rates on goods to be sold and wages paid laborers. The court not only regulated prices, but sometimes quality. He is next mentioned on November 2, 1636, where he turned over the (indentured) services of Edmond Weston for two years to Nathaniel Thomas, on behalf of the latter's father, Mr. William Thomas. Monies and goods were to be exchanged in the process. Winslow was on the committee in 1637 to assess taxes for the cost of sending men to the Pequot War. Winslow continued to be very active in the colonial government and in 1638 and his brother Kenelm were witnesses against Stephen Hopkins for selling wine at excessive rates.

Many of the more prosperous men had indentured servants. John Winslow was one of them. Records show that on July 28, 1640, he sold for £12 the services of Joseph Grosse for five years to John Howland.

On yet another important committee, on October 17, 1642, Winslow was noted as one of several men appointed to grant lands for the town of Plymouth and in the 1643 list of "Men Able to Bear Arms", he appears with the men of Plymouth.[13] He also served for two years as Deputy from Plymouth to the general court.[14] and in 1653 Winslow became a member of "a counsell of war" (Council of War).[15]

Winslow was well thought of and a man to be trusted as evidenced in a record which shows that on March 20, 1654/55, Stephen Tracy, who had returned to England and was residing at Great Yarmouth in Norfolk, gave power of attorney to John Winslow of Plymouth to dispose of his estate in New England for the benefit of his son John Tracy, daughters, Ruth Tracy and Mary Tracy, and the rest of his five children. John Tracy married Mary Prence, daughter of Governor Thomas Prence.[16]

On October 10, 1657, Mr. John Winslow of Plymouth sold all his house and land in Plymouth to Edward Gray, believed to be his son-in-law married to his daughter Mary, and moved to Boston, where he became a wealthy merchant and ship owner, as well as retaining lands in Plymouth.[17][18]

Winslow held the distinction of being on the 1662 list of "first born" men of Plymouth to share in a land distribution.[19] and he was one of the witnees to the sale of land by Myles Standish in 1661.[20]

On September 19, 1671, it is recorded that John bought for the sum of £500 in New England silver money "the Mansion or dwelling-house of the Late Antipas Voice with the gardens wood-yard and Backside as it is scituate lying and being in Boston aforesaid as it is nowe fenced in And is fronting & Facing to the Lane going to mr John Jolliffes." The Winslows lived in this house until his death in 1674 and that of Mary Chilton in 1679. The house (which would have been on Spring Lane) no longer exists.[21]

Family[edit]

John Winslow married Mary Chilton between 1623 and May 22, 1627, in Plymouth and had ten children. She had been baptized in St. Peter's Parish, Sandwich, Kent, England on May 31, 1607, and she died between July 31, 1676 and May 1, 1679 in Boston. In 1620 Mary and her parents had come to Plymouth as passengers on the Mayflower. Her parents died the first winter, with her father, James Chilton, named on several memorials in Provincetown in honor of those who were the earliest to die on board the Mayflower in November and December 1620. Tradition has it that Mary Chilton was the first Mayflower passenger to step ashore on Plymouth Rock.[22][23][24]

Children of John and Mary Winslow, all born in Plymouth after May 22, 1627[edit]

  • John was born about 1627 and died in Boston between October 3 and 12, 1683. His name appears with his mother Mary on the 1627 Division of Cattle list for Plymouth, with the father John named on a separate list.
He married:
1. Elizabeth ____ before April 18, 1664 (birth of first child) and had four children, all born in Boston. No record of her after August 7, 1670.
2. Judith ____ after August 7, 1670. She was born ca. 1625 and died shortly before December 18, 1714 (burial date), in Boston, age near 90.
  • Susanna was born about 1630 and died after November 14, 1685 in East Bridgewater. She married Robert Latham by 1650 and had eight children, probably born in Bridgewater. He was possibly born in England ca. 1613 and before February 28, 1688/9 in Bridgewater at age 76. Both were buried in Old Grave Yard, East Bridgewater, Section B.
Reports from the records of the Plymouth coroner's jury on January 31, 1654/5 details an event that is termed one of the most extreme cases of a master mistreating a servant in that colony. This involved Susanna and her husband Robert Latham. From the records the case details a systemic abuse of 14-year-old John Walker, apparently an indentured servant, who died with a battered, bruised, starved and frozen body at the fault of his master and mistress. His master Robert Latham admitted whipping him "all his backe with stripes given him by his master, Robert Latham, as Robert himself did testify.." and testimony from witnesses revealed that "hee (Latham) gave John Walker som stripes that morning before his death; and also wee find the flesh much broken of the knees of John Walker, and that he did want sufficient food and clothing and lodging.."[25]
On March 4, 1654/5 Robert Latham was indicted for felonious cruelty to his servant John Walker by unreasonable correction, by withholding necessary food and clothing, and by exposing Walker to extremities of the seasons, whereby he died. The trial jury found him guilty of "manslaughter by chaunce medley" and he was sentenced to be burned in the hand, and having no lands, to have all his personal property confiscated. Latham's wife Susanna was presented by the grand jury for being in great measure guilty with her husband in exercising extreme cruelty toward their late servant John Walker.[26]
  • Mary was born about 1631-32 and died after October 28, 1663, and before November 1665 in Plymouth. She married Edward Gray on January 16, 1650/1, and had six children, all born in Plymouth. Edward Gray, born ca. 1629, is recorded as being a merchant and among the wealthiest of Plymouth Colony. He married (2) in December 1665, Dorothy Lettice and had six more children. Edward Gray died in Plymouth in June 1681 at age 52.
  • Edward was born about 1635-36 and died in Boston on November 19, 1682. He was poss. buried in Copps Hill Burying Ground, Boston, with his first wife Sarah.
He married:
1. Sarah Hilton by 1661 and had three children born in Boston. She died on April 4, 1667 in Boston, age 26.
2. Elizabeth Hutchinson on February 8, 1668 and had five children born in Boston. She died September 16, 1728 in Boston in her 89th year. Edward and Elizabeth's son, Edward Winslow became a noted early American silversmith and military leader.
  • Sarah was born about 1638-39 and died on April 9, 1726 in Boston at age 88.
She married:
1. Myles Standish Jr. on July 19, 1660. He disappeared at sea after March 20, 1661. He was a son of Pilgrim Myles Standish. They had no children.
2. Tobias Payne in 1667/1668 and had one son William born in Boston. Payne died in Boston on September 12, 1669.
3. Richard Middlecott in 1672 and had four children. He was born in England ca. 1640 and died on June 13, 1704 in Boston.[27]
  • Samuel was born about 1641 and died in Boston on October 14, 1680 at age 39. He married Hannah Briggs before June 22, 1675 and had two children baptized in Scituate. Hannah married (2) Capt. Thomas Jolls. She died after November 4, 1714 in Boston. Samuel was buried in Copps Hill Burying Ground, Boston
  • Isaac was born about 1643-44 and died at Port Royal, Jamaica, between August 26 and 29, 1670. He married Mary Nowell on August 14, 1666, and had two children born in Charlestown. Mary married (2) in 1674 John Long with whom she had four children. She died before January 23, 1729 in Charlestown.
  • Joseph was born about 1645 and died before August 7, 1679, on Long Island, New York. He married Sarah Lawrence by 1668 and had four children. Sarah married (2) Charles LeBros. She died before 1693.[28]
  • A child was born about 1651, and died young, certainly before March 12, 1673 (date of father's will). No further record.
  • Benjamin was born on August 12, 1653 in Plymouth. He died between March 12, 1673/4 and July 31, 1676. He was unmarried.

Will of John Winslow[edit]

The will of John Winslow, Senior of Boston, merchant, was dated March 12, 1673/74, and proved May 31, 1674. In the will he named his wife Mary, sons John, Isaac, Benjamin, Edward and Joseph; William Payne, the son of his daughter Sarah Middlecott; Parnell Winslow, daughter of his son Isaac; granddaughter Susanna Latham; son Edward's children; son Joseph Winslow's two children; granddaughter Mercy Harris's two children; kinsman Josiah Winslow "now governor of New Plimouth"; brother Josiah Winslow; kinswoman Eleanor Baker, the daughter of his brother Kenelm Winslow; "my seven children"; Mr. Paddy's widow; and his Negro girl Jane. He left personal property valued at £3,000, a good part of it in money, and this was a substantial sum for the time.

Death and Burial of John Winslow[edit]

He died between March 12, 1673/4 and May 21, 1674 in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony. At the time of his death he was one of the wealthiest merchants in Boston. Both he and his wife were buried in King's Chapel Burying Ground in Boston. They both left wills that survive today.[29][30][31][32]

His widow Mary survived him, but died before May 1678, and she dated her will, equally as detailed as her husband's, July 31, 1676, proved July 11, 1679.[33][34][35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pilgrim Hall John Winslow Archived 2012-07-30 at the Wayback Machine./
  2. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md. 2006) p. 130
  3. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 pp. 5-6
  4. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) p 374
  5. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md. 2006) p. 130
  6. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p.6
  7. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 415-416
  8. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md. 2006) p. 130
  9. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p.6
  10. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 374, 419-420 421-23
  11. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p.6
  12. ^ Mary Chilton A genealogical profile of John winslow at NEHGS Plimouth Ancestors.org Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine./
  13. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 181, 215, 370, 374, 374, 439-440
  14. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p. 6
  15. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p. 6
  16. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 364, 374
  17. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p. 6
  18. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) p 374
  19. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) p 374
  20. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p. 6
  21. ^ Pilgrim Hall John Winslow at Pilgrim Hall Museum Archived 2012-07-30 at the Wayback Machine./
  22. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 374-375
  23. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md. 2006) p. 130
  24. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 pp. 5-7, 10 thru 19
  25. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp. 185-186
  26. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) pp 185-186
  27. ^ A genealogical profile of John Winslow at NEHGS Plimouth Ancestors.org Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine./
  28. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 pp. 10-15, 16-19
  29. ^ Pilgrim Hall John Winslow Archived 2012-07-30 at the Wayback Machine./
  30. ^ A genalogical profile of John Winslow Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine./
  31. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers (Genalogical Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md. 2006) p. 13
  32. ^ Winslow Family Gravesite/
  33. ^ Originally compiled by Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG., and Verle Delano Vincent, Revised by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG. Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who Landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts December 1620 (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1997) vol. 15 p. 6
  34. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) p. 375
  35. ^ Winslow Family Gravesite/