John Wu

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This article is about the cardinal. For the poet, see John Ching Hsiung Wu.
Not to be confused with John Woo (disambiguation).
His Eminence

John Wu
Cardinal, Bishop of Hong Kong
Diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong
Installed 25 July 1975
Term ended 23 September 2002
Predecessor Peter Lei
Successor Joseph Zen
Ordination 1952
Consecration 1975
Created Cardinal 29 June 1988
by Pope John Paul II
Personal details
Born 26 May 1925
Wuhua, Guangdong, China
Died 23 September 2002(2002-09-23) (aged 77)
Hong Kong, China
Buried St. Michael's Catholic Cemetery, Hong Kong
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
John Wu
Coat of arms of John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Hong Kong
John Wu
Traditional Chinese 胡振中
Simplified Chinese 胡振中

John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung (Chinese: 胡振中; pinyin: Hú Zhènzhōng; 26 March 1925 – 23 September 2002) was the fifth Bishop of Hong Kong's Catholic church and a Cardinal. He was a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the Pontifical Council for Social Communications and the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.


A Hakka, Wu was born in the village of Ho Hau, Wu-hua (Province of Guangdong, Diocese of Kai-ying). Baptized in the village's parish church, he received his primary education there. He Joined the diocesan minor seminary of Ka-ying for his secondary education in 1940.

He was appointed the fifth Bishop of the Hong Kong Catholic Diocese by Pope Paul VI as successor to Bishop Peter Lei Wang-kei who had died on 23 July 1974. He arrived in Hong Kong and on 25 July was consecrated and installed as Bishop of the Hong Kong in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.

After due preparation, he initiated a Diocesan Renewal Movement for priests, laity and religious. On 25 March 1985, he led a five-member delegation on a seven-day visit to Beijing and Shanghai, at the invitation of the National Bureau of Religious Affairs under the State Council of China. He was the first bishop of Hong Kong to visit the mainland China. Later on 21 January 1986, he led a seven-member delegation on a ten-day visit to Guangzhou and the eastern part of his home Province, Guangdong, at the invitation of the Bureau of Religious Affairs of that Province. This visit marked the first reunion with his 85-year-old mother, after a separation of 40 years.

He was named a member of the Sacred College of Cardinals by Pope John Paul II on 29 May 1988.

After the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, on 11 July 1989, he wrote a letter to all the bishops in the world, requesting them to appeal for justice, order and democracy in China.

On 1 September 1991, Wu issued a pastoral letter that exhorting the faithful to give full support to the direct elections to the Legislative Council – the first time in the history of Hong Kong – on 15 September. In 1999, he convoked the "Diocesan Synod" to meet the pastoral needs of the Third Millennium.

He died of cardiac arrest on 23 September 2002 in Hong Kong at the Queen Mary Hospital, aged 77.

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External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Peter Lei
Bishop of Hong Kong
Succeeded by
Joseph Zen