John Asbury Zeigler, Jr. (February 5, 1912 – October 2, 2015) was the owner of the Book Basement in Charleston with his longtime partner Edwin D. Peacock.
John Asbury Zeigler, Jr. was born on February 5, 1912. Originally from Manning, South Carolina, he attended high school in Florence, South Carolina. He attended the Citadel where he founded the literary magazine The Shako and participated in the playwright competition of the Dock Street Theatre.
In 1940, he met his longtime partner Edwin Peacock on the Isle of Palms. During World War II, Zeigler served as a radioman. His time in the Navy inspired him to write poems about his experiences at sea and his time living in Yakutat Bay, Alaska. In one such experience, he was on a ship carrying the American flag erected at the end of the battle of Iwo Jima, even steering the ship at one time during the battle when there were too many unused radiomen.
Back home from the war, in 1946 Zeigler and Peacock opened he Book Basement in Charleston on the ground floor of 9 College Way, Zeigler's family home. The Book Basement became a leading independent bookstore, the meeting place for various civil rights groups. Gay men passing through Charleston knew to visit the bookshop, including Maurice Sendak and Langston Hughes, who became friends of the owners. A drawing of the building by Prentiss Taylor was used on advertising events for the store for many years. Harlan Greene, a friend of Zeigler since the 1970s, said the bookstore was an "oasis...open to all". They closed the bookstore in 1971 and the College of Charleston bought the building. Today a plaque in front of the building remembers Peacock and Zeigler.
Zeigler and Peacock were serving members of the Charleston chapter of the NAACP.
Peacock died in 1989, and Zeigler became a philanthropist, endowing 15 music scholarships at the College of Charleston, supporting the Charleston Symphony Orchestra, Spoleto Festival USA and other groups.
In 2013, Zeigler received the Elizabeth O’Neill Verner Award.
Zeigler died on October 2, 2015 at 103 years old.
- "John A. Zeigler Jr". The Post and Courier. 2015-10-06. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
- "John Zeigler, Charleston poet-philanthropist, dies at 103". The Post and Courier. 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Wentworth, Marjory (2019-02-22). "John Zeigler a literary treasure". Post and Courier. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
- Bellows, Barbara L. (2006). A Talent for Living: Josephine Pinckney and the Charleston Literary Tradition. LSU Press. p. 216. ISBN 9780807131633. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- "A map of Charleston's gay history". Charleston City Paper. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Sears, James Thomas (2009). Edwin and John: A Personal History of the American South. Routledge. ISBN 9781560237617. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Zeigler, John (2007). The Edwin Poems. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781425752743. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Ina, Russell (1994). Jeb and Dash: A Diary of Gay Life 1918-1945. Faber & Faber. Retrieved 23 September 2017