John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray
|John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray|
Arms of Mowbray: Gules, a lion rampant argent
|Born||24 June 1340|
Epworth, Lincolnshire, England
|Died||19 October 1368|
near Constantinople, Turkey
|Tenure||4 October 1361 - 19 October 1368|
|Predecessor||John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray|
|Successor||John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth de Segrave|
|Issue||Margaret de Mowbray, Lady de Lucy|
Joan de Mowbray, Lady Grey
Eleanor de Mowbray, Baroness Welles
John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham
Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk
John de Mowbray, born 25 June 1340 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, was the son of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, of Axholme, Lincolnshire, by his second wife, Joan of Lancaster, third daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster.
Mowbray and twenty-six others were knighted by King Edward III of England in July 1355 while English forces were at the Downs, before sailing to France. In 1356, he served in a campaign in Brittany. He had livery of his lands on 14 November 1361; however, his inheritance was subject to the dower which his father had settled on his stepmother, Elizabeth de Vere. By 1369, his stepmother had married Sir William de Cossington, son and heir of Stephen de Cossington of Cossington in Aylesford, Kent; not long after the marriage, she and her new husband surrendered themselves to the Fleet prison for debt. According to Archer, the cause may have been Mowbray's prosecution of his stepmother for waste of his estates; he had been awarded damages against her of almost £1000.
In about 1343, an agreement had been made for a double marriage between, Mowbray and Audrey Montagu, the granddaughter of Thomas of Brotherton, and Mowbray's sister, Blanche de Mowbray with Audrey's brother, Edward Montagu. Neither marriage took place. Instead, about 1349, a double marriage took place between Mowbray and Elizabeth de Segrave (also granddaughter of Thomas of Brotherton), and Mowbray's sister Blanche with Elizabeth's brother, John de Segrave, Pope Clement VI having granted dispensations for the marriages at the request of Mowbray's grandfather, the Earl of Lancaster, in order to prevent 'disputes between the parents', who were neighbours. Mowbray had little financial benefit from his marriage during his lifetime as a result of the very large jointure which had been awarded to Elizabeth's mother, Margaret of Brotherton, Duchess of Norfolk, who lived until 1399. However, when Elizabeth's father, John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, died on 1 April 1353, King Edward III allowed Mowbray to receive a small portion of his wife's eventual inheritance. Estate accounts for 1367 indicate that Mowbray enjoyed an annual income of almost £800 at that time. Elizabeth then succeeded her father as 5th Baroness Segrave, her brother having predeceased their father.
Mowbray was summoned to Parliament from 14 August 1362 to 20 January 1366. On 10 October 1367, he appointed attorneys in preparation for travel beyond the seas; these appointments were confirmed in the following year. Mowbray was slain by the Turks near Constantinople while en route to the Holy Land. A letter from the priory of 'Peyn' written in 1396 suggests that he was initially buried at the convent at Pera, opposite Constantinople; according to the letter, 'at the instance of his son Thomas', his bones had been gathered and were sent to England for burial with his ancestors.
Marriage and issue
Mowbray married, by papal dispensation dated 25 March 1349, Elizabeth de Segrave (born 25 October 1338 at Croxton Abbey), suo jure 5th Baroness Segrave, daughter and heiress of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave (d.1353), and Margaret of Brotherton, Duchess of Norfolk, daughter and heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, son of King Edward I. Through the marriage, the Mowbray family gained the estate in Framlingham, Suffolk, including Framlingham Castle, which became the main seat of power for the Mowbray family for most of the 15th century.
They had two sons and three daughters:
- Margaret de Mowbray (c.1361 - 24 April 1404), who married, by licence dated 1 July 1369, Sir Reginald de Lucy (d. 9 November 1437) of Woodcroft in Luton, Bedfordshire.
- Joan de Mowbray (c.1363 - 30 November 1402), who married firstly Sir Thomas Grey (1359 – 26 November or 3 December 1400) of Heaton near Norham, Northumberland, son of the chronicler, Sir Thomas Grey. They had four sons and one daughter, including John Grey, 1st Earl of Tankerville. She married secondly, Sir Thomas Tunstall of Thurland in Tunstall, Lancashire (c. 1360 – 1415).
- Eleanor de Mowbray (born before 25 March 1364), who married John de Welles, 5th Baron Welles.
- John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1 August 1365 – 12 January 1383), who died unmarried, and was buried at the Whitefriars, London.
- Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (22 March 1366 - 22 September 1399)
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 202-3.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 383.
- Archer 2004.
- Richardson III 2011, p. 203.
- Cokayne 1936, p. 384.
- Tait 1894, p. 220.
- Cokayne 1936, pp. 383-4.
- Caley, Ellis & Bandinel 1846, p. 321.
- Richardson III 2011, p. 206.
- Angold 2006, p. 66.
- Gibbons 1888, p. 62.
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 206-7.
- Ridgard, p.5; Stacey, p.28.
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 64, 206-7.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 254; Richardson III 2011, pp. 206–7; Pugh 1988, pp. 103, 187, 196; King 2005, p. 68.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 254-5.
- Richardson IV 2011, p. 303.
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 206-9.
- Angold, Michael, ed. (2006). The Cambridge History of Christianity: Eastern Christianity. V. London: St. Catherine Press. Retrieved 15 September 2013.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Archer, Rowena E. (2004). "Mowbray, John (III), fourth Lord Mowbray (1340–1368)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19452. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Caley, John; Ellis, Henry; Bandinel, Bulkeley (1846). Monasticon Anglicanum by Sir William Dugdale. VI, Part I (New ed.). London: James Bohn. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden. IX. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 380–5.
- Gibbons, Alfred (1888). Early Lincoln Wills. Lincoln: James Williamson. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- Richardson, D. (2011). Kimball G. Everingham, ed. Magna Carta Ancestry. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.
- Richardson, D. (2011). Kimball G. Everingham, ed. Magna Carta Ancestry. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.
- Richardson, D. (2011). Kimball G. Everingham, ed. Magna Carta Ancestry. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
- Tait, J. (1894). . In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. "Mowbray-Earls of Nottingham, Dukes of Norfolk, Earls-Marshal, Earls of Warren and Surrey." A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, of the British Empire. London: Wm Clowes and Sons, Ltd., 1962. p. 387.
- The West Family Register: Important Lines Traced, 1326–1928: NEHGS Research Library, call number RB/F16/G66/no. 5
|Peerage of England|
John de Mowbray
| Baron Mowbray