John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John de Mowbray
Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
Earl of Surrey
Coat of Arms of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfok, KG.png
Arms of John de Mowbray,
4th Duke of Norfolk, KG
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Talbot
Issue
Noble family Mowbray
Father John de Mowbray
Mother Eleanor Bourchier
Born 18 Oct 1444
Died 14 Jan 1476
Left: Lady Elizabeth Talbot, wife of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (1444–1476). On her kirtle she displays her paternal arms Gules, a lion rampant or a bordure engrailed of the last (Talbot) and on her mantle shows Gules three lions passant guardant or a label of three points argent (Brotherton, for Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, a younger son of King Edward I and ancestor of the Duke of Norfolk). Below is inscribed in Latin: Elizabeta nat(a) Talbot Ducissa Norfoltia ("Elizabeth born Talbot, Duchess of Norfolk"). Stained glass in Holy Trinity Church, Long Melford, Suffolk

John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk, KG (18 October 1444 – 14 January 1476), known as 1st Earl of Surrey between 1451 and 1461, was the only son of John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk and Eleanor Bourchier. His maternal grandparents were William Bourchier, Count of Eu and Anne of Gloucester.

In 1451 the earldom of Surrey was revived for him. Mowbray was descended from a sister of the last earl of the previous creation.

In 1461 he succeeded his father as 4th Duke of Norfolk and hereditary Earl Marshal. He continued his father's efforts to possess Caister Castle, finally taking it in September 1469 after a siege. Despite the fact that John Paston, who was in charge of defending Caister, had been in his service for several years, he showed a notable ruthlessness in his conduct of the siege, in which one Daubenay, a long-standing Paston servant, was killed. Under pressure from the Church, Norfolk did at least grant the other defenders a safe conduct. In 1476, within a day of Norfolk's death, the Paston family took Caister back again.

Norfolk was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1472. He died very suddenly, having apparently been in good health the day before.

He married Elizabeth Talbot, daughter of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp. They had only one child, Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, and so the 1397 creation of the dukedom became extinct upon his death. Anne, who was only 3 years old when her father died, inherited his extensive lands and wealth.

The dukedom would be recreated in 1481 and again in 1483. The 1483 creation survives to the present day.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
1461–1476
Succeeded by
Countess of Norfolk
as Countess Marshal
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Surrey
2nd creation
1451–1476
Extinct
Preceded by
John Mowbray
Duke of Norfolk
1st creation
1461–1476
Earl of Nottingham
2nd creation
1461–1476
Earl of Norfolk
3rd creation
1461–1476
Succeeded by
Anne de Mowbray
Baron Mowbray
1461–1476
Baron Segrave
1461–1476