John of Castile, Lord of Valencia de Campos

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"John I of León" redirects here. For the later Leonese king, see John I of Castile.
Infante John
Lord of Valencia de Campos
Consort Lord of Biscay
Arms of Infante John of Castile, named of Tarifa.svg
Coat of Arms of Infante John of Castile.
Born 15 May/25 July 1260
Seville
Died 25 June 1319 (aged 58–59)
Pinos Puente
Burial Burgos Cathedral
Spouse Margaret of Montferrat
María II Díaz de Haro
Issue Alfonso, Lord of Valencia de Campos
Lope Díaz de Haro
Juan el Tuerto
María Díaz II de Haro
House House of Burgundy
Father Alfonso X of Castile
Mother Violant of Aragon
Religion Roman Catholicism

John of Castile, called the "el de Tarifa" (Spanish: Juan de Castilla "el de Tarifa"; 1262–25 June 1319) was an infante of Castile and León. He was engaged in a decades long fight for control over the Lordship of Biscay with Diego López V de Haro, the uncle of his wife.

Biographical sketch[edit]

He was born before 15 April 1262[1][2] in Seville, the son of Alfonso X, King of Castile and León and Queen Violant of Aragon.[3] In 1296 during the minority of his nephew Ferdinand IV of Castile, John was declared King of León, of Seville and Galicia, although in 1300 he reconciled with Ferdinand IV and entered his service.[4] In 1312 after the death of Ferdinand IV, he was appointed guardian of his son Alfonso XI,[5] whom he served alongside Queen María de Molina and Infante Peter of Castile, Lord of Cameros.

He was the Lord of Valencia de Campos and Biscay, by his marriage to María Díaz de Haro, and was also Lord of Baena, Luque, Zuheros, Lozoya, Villalón,[5] Oropesa, Santiago de la Puebla, Melgar de Arriba, Paredes de Nava, Medina de Río Seco and Castronuño, and he served as alférez (armour-bearer) of the King[3] and mayordomo mayor (high steward) of the King. He was also Adelantado of Andalusia. He died in 1319 at Pinos Puente, in the battle of Sierra Elvira, also known as the disaster of Vega de Granada.[3]

Marriages and issue[edit]

On 17 February 1281, he married Margaret, who died in 1286 daughter of William VII, Marquess of Montferrat) and Elizabeth of Gloucester,[3] with whom he had:

One year after the death of his first wife and before 11 May 1287 he married María Díaz de Haro[5][7][3] with whom he had three children:

  • Juan de Castilla y Haro, known as Juan el Tuerto (the one-eyed).
  • Lope Díaz de Haro died after 1295 in his youth.
  • María Díaz de Haro

Ancestry[edit]

John of Castile, Lord of Valencia de Campos
Born: 15 May/25 July 1260 Died: 25 June 1319
Regnal titles
New Creation Lord of Valencia de Campos
1281–1300
Succeeded by
Alfonso of Valencia
Preceded by
Diego López de Haro IV
Lord Consort of Biscay
1289–1294
1310–1319
with María II Díaz de Haro
Succeeded by
Infante Henry of Castile
Preceded by
Diego López de Haro V
Succeeded by
Juan de Castilla y Haro
Preceded by
Fernán Pérez Ponce de León I
Mayordomo Mayor of the King
1284–1285
Succeeded by
Pedro Álvarez de las Asturias
Preceded by
Manuel of Castile
Alférez del rey
1277-1284
Succeeded by
Diego López V de Haro
Preceded by
Juan Alfonso de Haro
Alférez del rey
1312-1318
Succeeded by
Juan de Castilla y Haro
Preceded by
Juan Núñez I de Lara
Adelantado mayor de la frontera de Andalucía
1284–1292
Succeeded by
Juan Fernández "Cabellos de Oro"
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Ferdinand IV
— TITULAR —
King of León, Galicia and Seville
1296–1301
Succeeded by
Ferdinand IV

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arco y Garay, Ricardo del (1954). Sepulcros de la Casa Real de Castilla. Madrid: Instituto Jerónimo Zurita. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. OCLC 11366237. 
  • Benavides, Antonio (1860). Memorias de Don Fernando IV de Castilla. Madrid: Imprenta de D. José Rodríguez. 
  • Boto Varela, Gerardo (2004). "Sobre reyes y tumbas en la catedral de León: discursos visuales de poder político y honra sacra". Congreso Internacional "La Catedral de León en la Edad Media" (1st ed.). León: Universidad de León: Servicio de Publicaciones. pp. 305–365. ISBN 84-9773-161-1. 
  • Catalán, Diego (1977). Gran Crónica de Alfonso XI. Vol. I (1st ed.). Madrid: Editorial Gredos. Cátedra Seminario Menéndez Pidal. ISBN 84-600-0796-0. 
  • Cerdá y Rico, Francisco (1787). Crónica de D. Alfonso el Onceno de este nombre (2nd ed.). Madrid: Imprenta de D. Antonio de Sancha. OCLC 3130234. 
  • Domínguez Sánchez, Santiago (1998). "Un diploma del infante don Juan, hijo de Alfonso X, como rey de León, Galicia y Sevilla". Estudios humanísticos. Geografía, historia y arte. León: Universidad de León (20): 323–340. ISSN 0213-1390. 
  • Gaibrois Riaño de Ballesteros, Mercedes (1922–1928). Revista de achivos, bibliotecas y museos, ed. Historia del reinado de Sancho IV de Castilla (1st ed.). Madrid: Editorial Voluntad. OCLC 492177948. 
  • González Jiménez, Manuel (2004). Alfonso X el Sabio (1st ed.). Barcelona: Editorial Ariel S. A. ISBN 84-344-6758-5. 
  • Lafuente, Modesto (1861). Establecimiento tipografico de D. Francisco de P. Mellado, ed. Historia general de España. 3. Madrid. 
  • Mariana, Juan de (1855). Imprenta y librería de Gaspar y Roig, editores, ed. Historia General de España (Reedition ed.). Madrid. 

External links[edit]