John of Debar (Bulgarian: Йоан Дебърски; fl. 1018-1037) was an 11th-century Bulgarian clergyman. He was a bishop under Samuel of Bulgaria, and remained in office, becoming the first Slavic Archbishop of Ohrid, after the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire to Byzantium. According to 17th-century French historian du Cange John was born in a village around the town of Debar in present-day Republic of Macedonia. When in 1018 Emperor Basil II managed to conquer Bulgaria, he decided to abolish the previously autocephalic Bulgarian Orthodox Church, establishing the Archbishopric of Ohrid, which was in effect downgrading of the Bulgarian Patriarchate and corresponded to the newly formed Theme Bulgaria, which covered the western part of Bulgaria. John was chosen to be the first Archbishop of Ochrid. Prior to this he had been hegumen in a Debar monastery. He remained head of the Archbishopric until his death in 1037.
References and notes
- ^ Снегаров, Иван. История на Охридската архиепископия, т.1. Второ фототипно издание. София, Академично издателство „Марин Дринов“, 1995, . с. 195.
- ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, John Van Antwerp Fine, University of Michigan Press, 1991, ISBN 0472081497, p. 199.
- ^ Пириватрич, Сърджан. Самуиловата държава. Обхват и характер. София, Издателска група „АГАТА-А“, 2000. ISBN 954-540-020-X, с. 197, 233-234
- ^ a b Du Cange. Familiae augustae Byzantinae, I. 174-175.