Johnny B. Goode
|"Johnny B. Goode"|
|Single by Chuck Berry|
|from the album Chuck Berry Is on Top|
|B-side||"Around & Around"|
|Released||March 31, 1958|
|Format||7" 45 RPM, 10" 78 RPM|
|Recorded||January 6, 1958, Chess Studios, Chicago, Illinois|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
|Producer(s)||Little "Bongo" Kraus|
|Chuck Berry singles chronology|
"Johnny B. Goode" is a 1958 rock and roll song written and originally performed by Chuck Berry. The song was a major hit among both black and white audiences peaking at #2 on Billboard magazine's Hot R&B Sides chart and #8 on the Billboard Hot 100.
The song is one of Berry's most famous recordings, has been covered by many artists, and has received several honors and accolades. It is also considered to be one of the most recognizable songs in music history. The song is ranked as number seven on Rolling Stone's list of "the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time"
Composition and recording
Written by Berry in 1955, the song is about a poor country boy who plays a guitar "just like ringing a bell," and who might one day have his "name in lights." Berry has acknowledged that the song is partly autobiographical, and originally had "colored boy" in the lyrics, but he changed it to "country boy" to ensure radio play. As well as suggesting that the guitar player is good, the title hints at autobiographic elements because Berry was born at 2520 Goode Avenue in St. Louis. The song was initially inspired by Berry's piano player, Johnnie Johnson, though developed into a song mainly about Berry himself. Though Johnnie Johnson played on many other Chuck Berry songs, it was Lafayette Leake who played piano on this song.
The opening guitar riff on "Johnny B. Goode" is essentially a note-for-note copy of the opening single-note solo on Louis Jordan's "Ain't That Just Like a Woman" (1946), played by guitarist Carl Hogan. Neither the guitar intro nor the solo are played at once. Chuck Berry played the introducing parts together with the rhythm guitar and overdubbed later the missing solo runs.
Berry has written thirty more songs involving the character Johnny B. Goode, "Bye Bye Johnny", "Go Go Go", and "Johnny B. Blues"; and titled an album, and the nearly 19 min instrumental title track from it, as "Concerto in B. Goode".
- Chuck Berry – vocals, lead guitar
- Lafayette Leake – piano
- Willie Dixon – bass
- Fred Below – drums
Berry's recording of the song was included on the Voyager Golden Record, attached to the Voyager spacecraft as representing rock and roll, one of four American songs included among many cultural achievements of humanity.
When Chuck Berry was inducted into the first Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on January 23, 1986, he performed "Johnny B. Goode" and "Rock and Roll Music", backed by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band. The Hall of Fame included these songs and "Maybellene" in their list of the 500 songs that shaped Rock and Roll. It was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999, for its influence as a rock and roll single.
In the 1984 film Threads, the song is heard three times. The first time is when core characters Ruth Beckett and Jimmy Kemp discuss the future of their relationship before the outbreak of nuclear war, in his car overlooking Sheffield. The second time is when Jimmy is at a pub, drinking with his mate. The last time is fourteen years after the nuclear holocaust, as Ruth and Jimmy's daughter Jane, heavily pregnant, struggles to find a hospital in which to give birth. The song seems to be emanating from a nightclub, pub or brothel within the devastated post-apocalyptic town.
In the 1985 film Back to the Future, Marty McFly performs the song with the fictional band Marvin Berry and the Starlighters during the "Enchantment Under the Sea" high school dance, set in November 1955. Mark Campbell (of Jack Mack and the Heart Attack fame) sang the vocals and Tim May played the guitar, with Michael J. Fox shown miming to both. This scene was revisited in Back to the Future Part II (1989). During Marty's rendition of the song, Marvin telephones his cousin Chuck, to have him hear what might be the "new sound" Chuck is looking for.
|List||Publisher||Rank||Year of publication|
|500 Greatest Songs of All Time||Rolling Stone||7||2010|
|100 Greatest Guitar Tracks||Q||42||2005|
|100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time||Rolling Stone||1||2008|
|Top 3000 Songs||Acclaimed Music||6||N/A|
|500 Songs That Shaped Rock||Rock & Roll Hall of Fame||N/A||1995|
|50 Greatest Guitar Solos||Guitar World||12||2009|
Cover versions that charted
|"Johnny Be Good"|
|Single by Judas Priest|
|from the album Ram It Down|
|B-side||"Rock You All Around the World" (live)|
|Format||7" 45 RPM, 12" maxi|
|Producer(s)||Tom Allom, Glenn Tipton, K. K. Downing, Rob Halford|
|Judas Priest singles chronology|
Country musician Buck Owens' version of "Johnny B. Goode" topped Billboard magazine's Hot Country Sides chart in 1969. Jimi Hendrix had a posthumous hit with "Johnny B. Goode" peaking at #35 on the UK Singles Chart in 1972 and #13 on the New Zealand Top 50 in 1986. Peter Tosh's version of the song peaked at #84 on the Billboard Hot 100, #48 on the UK Singles Chart, #10 in the Netherlands, and #29 in New Zealand. Judas Priest's version reached #64 on the UK Singles Chart in 1988.
Additional cover versions
The list of performers includes:
- Adam Ant
- Al Hurricane
- Alvin and the Chipmunks
- Bad Religion
- The Beach Boys
- The Beatles
- Big Tom and The Mainliners
- Bon Jovi
- Marc Broussard
- Roy Buchanan
- Andrés Calamaro
- Cidade Negra
- The Coasters
- John Denver
- Danny Gatton
- Celine Dion
- Dr. Feelgood
- Johnny Dowd
- John Farnham
- Five Iron Frenzy
- Freddie & the Dreamers
- Rory Gallagher
- The Grateful Dead
- Green Day
- The Guess Who
- Bill Haley & His Comets
- Johnny Hallyday
- Jimi Hendrix
- Will Hoge
- Buddy Holly
- Tomoyasu Hotei
- Jay and the Americans
- Jim & Jesse
- Elton John
- Judas Priest
- B.B. King
- King Lizard
- Al Kooper
- Jonny Lang
- Julian Lennon
- Jerry Lee Lewis
- Legion of Mary
- Living Colour
- LL Cool J (sampled in "Go Cut Creator Go")
- Los Suaves
- Lynyrd Skynyrd
- Johnny Maestro & the Brooklyn Bridge, a concert duet with Suzi Quatro in Germany in 2006
- Phillip Magee
- Frank Marino
- John Mayer Trio
- Meat Loaf
- Eddie Meduza
- MF Doom
- Micky Dolenz
- Mister Twister
- Off Kilter
- Operation Ivy
- Buck Owens
- Partibrejkers (Stoj, Džoni)
- Wes Paul
- Pink Fairies
- Elvis Presley
- Cliff Richard
- Johnny Rivers
- The Rolling Stones
- Shogo Sakai (Mother 3 as "New Age Retro Hippie")
- Carlos Santana
- Bon Scott (with Cheap Trick)
- Sex Pistols
- The Shadows
- Space Spirit
- Slaughter & The Dogs
- Status Quo
- The Stimulators
- Stray Cats
- Keiichi Suzuki (EarthBound titled as "New Age Retro Hippie")
- Hirokazu Tanaka (EarthBound titled as "New Age Retro Hippie")
- George Thorogood
- The Toasters
- TISM ("Johnny to B. or Not to B. Goode")
- The Tornadoes
- Peter Tosh
- Twisted Sister
- Conway Twitty
- Nobuo Uematsu
- The Ukulele Orchestra of Great Britain
- Ultraje a Rigor
- Uncle Tupelo
- Roch Voisine
- The Who
- James Gang
- Brian Wilson
- Johnny Winter
- "Charts & Awards: Chuck Berry – Billboard Singles". AllMusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs Of All Time". Rolling Stone. April 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- Taylor, Timothy D. (2000). "Chapter 7 – His Name was in Lights: Chuck Berry's 'Johnny B. Goode'". In Middleton, Richard. Reading Pop: Approaches to Textual Analysis in Popular Music. Oxford University Press. pp. 165–167, 177. ISBN 0-19-816611-7.
- "Johnny B. Goode : Rolling Stone". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on February 1, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- "Johnnie Johnson". Blues Music Now. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- Ratliff, Ben (April 14, 2005). "Johnnie Johnson, 80, Dies; Inspired 'Johnny B. Goode'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- Miller, James (1999). Flowers in the Dustbin: The Rise of Rock and Roll, 1947-1977. Simon & Schuster, 104. ISBN 0-684-80873-0.
- Barker, Derek (2009). Liner notes to Bruce Springsteen's Jukebox: The Songs that Inspired the Man [CD]. Chrome Dreams.
- "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll by Artists (A-C)". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 1, 2011.
- "Grammy Hall of Fame – Past Recipients (Letter J)". The Grammy Awards. United States: National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "Chuck Berry Johnny B Goode". Blues Guitar Expert. 2015-02-26. Retrieved 2015-07-14.
- "Charts & Awards: Buck Owens – Billboard Singles". Allmusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "Johnny B. Goode - Full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ""Johnny B. Goode" by Jimi Hendrix" (ASP). New Zealand Top 50 Singles. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "Charts & Awards: Peter Tosh – Billboard Singles". Allmusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- "Peter Tosh - Full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ""Johnny B. Goode" by Peter Tosh" (ASP). australian-charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
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