The Big Three (English band)
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The Big Three
|Also known as||Cass & The Cassanovas (1959–1961)|
|Genres||Beat, pop, rock and roll|
|Years active||1959–1966, 1973, 1999|
|Associated acts||The Seniors|
|Past members||Adrian Barber|
Brian J. Hudson
J. Peter Robinson
The Big Three evolved from a group called Cass & The Cassanovas, formed in May 1959 by Brian Casser as a trio comprising Casser (rhythm guitar, lead vocals), Adrian Barber (lead guitar, vocals), and Brian J. Hudson (drums). The original line-up played at St George's Hall, Liverpool, on Friday, 15 May 1959. Johnny Hutchinson replaced Hudson in July 1959. In need of a bass guitarist, Hutchinson brought in Johnny Gustafson in December. At that time, Gustafson did not have a proper bass guitar, so Barber converted an acoustic for him. Gustafson's first gig was at The Tower Ballroom, New Brighton, on 31 December 1959.
In May 1960, the band auditioned for Larry Parnes at the Wyvern Social Club, Seel Street, Liverpool, with a number of other bands including The Silver Beetles. Hutchinson sat in with the band when their drummer Tommy Moore (born Thomas Henry Moore, in 1931, Liverpool died in 1981) failed to turn up. In December 1960, Casser left the group and moved to London, reducing them to a trio again, and the band re-emerged in January 1961 as The Big Three. Despite being a three-piece they were known as "one of the loudest, most aggressive and visually appealing acts".
Brian Epstein signed them to his agency and sent them over to Hamburg. It was during that trip in August 1962 that Brian Griffiths (born 27 August 1943, Liverpool) joined the group when Barber left, and the best-known line-up of the Big Three was established. Barber would subsequently emigrate to the United States, where he would later become known as an in-house recording engineer and producer at Atlantic Records, where he produced the Allman Brothers Band's debut album in 1969.
The Big Three and Epstein terminated their partnership in July 1963. Gustafson and Griffiths quit in November 1963, and with drummer Ian Broad from Rory Storm and the Hurricanes formed the Seniors and left for Germany. Hutchinson replaced them with Faron Ruffley (born William Faron Ruffley, 8 January 1942, Walton, Liverpool) and Paddy Chambers (born Patrick John Chambers, 3 April 1944, Liverpool, died 18 September 2000) from Faron's Flamingos.
Chambers left in March 1964 and was replaced by Paul Pilnick from the All Stars. Pilnick only stayed a short time before moving on to Tony Jackson & The Vibrations in October 1964, with Ruffley leaving around the same time.
Various musicians passed through the band after Pilnick left, including bass players John Bradley, Adrian Lord (ex Mojos), and Mike Bankes, whilst Ray Marshall and Howie Casey played saxophone on a trip to Germany. Barry Womersley was guitarist for a while, but was replaced by Brian Griffiths during the time that they were managed by Chris Wharton. Wharton had hopes of re-enlisting Johnny Gustafson but this came to nothing. Hutchinson had played with the Spidermen, but reformed the group with Barry Womersley and Ray Marshall.
Between 1964 and 1966, the line-up consisted of John Hutchinson, Ray Marshall (vocals, bass) and Barry Womersley (lead guitar). During 1966 the band folded. Hutchinson received an offer to join Kingsize Taylor & the Dominoes but he declined, instead deciding to retire from music.
Arty Davies of 'Liverpool Beat' says that following the demise of the Womersley/Marshall/Hutchinson line-up, a couple of bookings featured the following : Dave Blackstone (lead guitar), Johnny Hutchinson (drums) and Pete Mumford (bass guitar). There is an apocryphal story in Alan Clayson's book Beat Merchants that Hutchinson packed up his drums after a first set at the Blue Angel, collected his pay and went home, with another drummer taking his place. Presumably this was the band's last gig.
In 1973, Gustafson and Griffiths teamed up with Elton John drummer Nigel Olsson, and Quatermass keyboardist J. Peter Robinson for a reunion album, Resurrection, released on Polydor Records. In 1999 Griffiths got together with another former Big Three member, Faron Ruffley, to do a small spot of Big Three numbers at the Merseycats charity night; the drummer for the get-together was Arty Davies (Faron's Flamingos).
- Adrian Barber – lead guitar, vocals (1959–1962)
- Brian Casser – rhythm guitar, vocals (1959–1960)
- Brian J. Hudson – drums (1959)
- Johnny Hutchinson – drums, vocals (1959–1966)
- Johnny Gustafson – bass guitar (1959–1963, 1973)
- Brian Griffiths – lead guitar, vocals (1962–1963, 1973, 1999)
- Faron Ruffley – bass guitar (1963–1964, 1999)
- Paddy Chambers – lead guitar, vocals (1963–1964)
- Paul Pilnick – lead guitar, vocals (1964)
- Ray Marshall – bass guitar, vocals (1964–1966)
- Barry Womersley (known professionally as Barry Walmsley) – lead guitar (1964–1966)
- Nigel Olsson – drums (1973)
- J. Peter Robinson – piano (1973)
- Arty Davies – drums (1999)
- "Some Other Guy" (Leiber, Stoller, Barrett) / "Let True Love Begin" (Decca F 11614, March 1963, UK No. 37)
- "By the Way" / "Cavern Stomp" (Decca F 11689, June 1963, UK No. 22)
- "I'm With You" / "Peanut Butter" (Decca F 11752, October 1963)
- "If You Ever Change Your Mind" / "You've Got to Keep Her under Your Hand" (Decca F 11927, June 1964)
- "Some Other Guy" / "Let It Rock" / "If You Gotta Make A Fool Of Somebody" (Polydor 2058 343, 1973)
- At the Cavern (live) ("What'd I Say" / "Don't Start Running Away" / "Zip A Dee Doo Dah" / "Reelin' and Rockin'") (Decca DFE 8552 [mono], November 1963; reissued 1981)
- Resurrection (Polydor 2383199, 1973)
- Cavern Stomp (Edsel ED 111, 1982)
- Cavern Stomp (The Complete Recordings) (RPM Records, 2009)
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 57. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "The Big Three - Some Other Guy". 45cat.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Larkin C (1997). Virgin Encyclopedia of Sixties Music. Muze UK Ltd. p. 55. ISBN 0-7535-0149-X.
- Ceriotti, Bruno (7 July 2011). "The British Sound: The Big Three Family Tree - Shows List". Thebritishsound.blogspot.com. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- Beat Merchants: Origins, History, Impact and Rock Legacy of the 1960s British Pop Groups (First ed.). Blandford Press. 14 September 1995. ISBN 978-0713724646.
- "Big Three, The – Resurrection". Discogs.com. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "CD Album: The Big Three - Cavern Stomp - The Complete Recodings (2009)". 45worlds.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "The Big Three - By The Way". 45cat.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.