Johnny Lingo

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Johnny Lingo
Johnny lingo.jpg
Title Card
Directed byWetzel Whitaker
Produced byWetzel Whitaker
Written byOrma W. Wallengren
Based on"Johnny Lingo and the Eight-Cow Wife"
by Patricia McGerr[1]
StarringMaKee K. Blaisdell
Naomi Kahoilua
Francis L. Urry
CinematographyRobert Stum
Edited byFrank S. Wise
Production
company
Distributed byThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Release date
  • 1969 (1969)
Running time
24 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

Johnny Lingo is a 1969 short film directed by Wetzel O. Whitaker. The film and later remake are based on a short story by Patricia McGerr, originally published in a 1965 issue of Woman's Day. The 24 minute film was produced by Brigham Young University, but does not specifically mention the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints outside of the credits.

Plot[edit]

In the story, Johnny Lingo (played by MaKee K. Blaisdell) is a shrewd, honest, and well-liked Polynesian trader. Johnny has come home to bargain for a wife. Mahana (played by Naomi Kahoilua), the young woman he desires, is considered by her neighbors and even her father, Moki (played by Joseph Ah Quin), to be of little value—sullen, ugly, and undesirable. Blaming himself for not paying enough cows for Mahana's mother, her father treats her unkindly, such as yelling, "Mahana, you ugly!"[4] As the bargaining is about to begin, women of the island brag about how many cows their husbands had paid for each of them, and comment that Mahana's father will be lucky to be offered one cow for her.

The bargaining begins, and Moki asks Johnny Lingo for three cows, as Moki's counselor Me Hai advises. The islanders laugh derisively, then wait for Lingo to make his counter-offer, certain that he will make a devastating bargain. Johnny, pondering the offer, pronounces that "three cows are many... but not enough for Mahana!" He then offers the unheard-of price of eight cows for her hand in marriage.[2] After the bargaining, Johnny visits Mr. Harris, an American shopkeeper on the island, to offer him a valuable shell in exchange for a mirror. In their conversation, Mr. Harris is convinced that Johnny only paid so much to look good and be remembered. The next day, Moki and Me Hai, while waiting for Johnny to deliver the cows, convince themselves that Johnny reconsidered his deal and will not show up. In the end, Johnny brings the cows and marries Mahana that night, enduring some mocking for paying so much for a seemingly undesirable wife while Moki revels in his newfound prosperity. Johnny and Mahana then leave the island for many months on their honeymoon, visiting many islands.

When they return, Harris discovers, to his astonishment, that Mahana is a beautiful, happy woman. Johnny recounts that Mahana's father had just accused Lingo of cheating him by saying, "[Mahana] is worth ten cows, if she's worth a hoof!" Johnny then explains that he has loved Mahana since they were children, and that he paid eight cows for Mahana, not to show off, but to make her happy and for her "to be an eight-cow woman." Johnny concludes with "Many things can happen to make a woman beautiful, but the thing that matters most is what she thinks of herself." Johhny leaves Harris, and he and Mahana walk on the beach together.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was based on the 1965 short story, "Johnny Lingo and the Eight-Cow Wife", written by author Patricia McGerr and published in Woman's Day magazine.[5] The story has been frequently reprinted, including in The Australian Women's Weekly,[6] The Instructor,[7] and Reader's Digest,[8] as well as by assorted books and websites (sometimes condensed or attributed to other authors).[9] In the short story, told from the perspective of a visitor to the fictional Pacific islands of "Kiniwata" and "Nurabandi" while on leave from assignment in Japan, the character of Mahana is instead named "Sarita", while her father is referred to as "Sam Karoo."[6]

Filmed in Hawaii in November 1968 and featuring mostly local Mormon church members, the film was directed by Wetzel O. ("Judge") Whitaker, then head of the Brigham Young University's Department of Motion Picture Production. Whitaker stated that "the setting is mythical to give it universal appeal" and the village set was constructed by two BYU (then Church College of Hawaii) students, Tuione Pulotu and Vuna Fa, to not be identifiable as belonging to any particular island group. LaMar Williams, head of the audio-visual section of the LDS Church Missionary Department, commented that "The Church is only mentioned in the production credits so it is a film that could be put on coast to coast televion." [10]

Influence and remake[edit]

The film is licensed by Covenant Communications, and is sold on DVD by Brigham Young University's Creative Works Office.[11]

The 1993 book Hana, the No-Cow Wife continues the story and shows its effect on another, somewhat prideful young woman.[12]

In the summer of 2001, the Salt Lake Acting Company staged a live parody performance of Johnny Lingo as that year's episode of their annual theatrical spoof series Saturday's Voyeur. The act was titled Mahana, You Ugly.

A 2003 remake of this film called The Legend of Johnny Lingo was directed by Steven Ramirez and financed by the Utah-based Tahitian Noni International.[13]

Criticism[edit]

Johnny Lingo has strong elements of sexism and colonialism. The film has been criticized for "[hinging] on the idea that a woman’s self-esteem is based on the price she commands in a financial transaction between men, not on any internal sense of who she is." [14] Rather than being recognized as “industrious”, or any other personal characteristic, Lingo notes, after he has paid eight cows for Mahana, "she now knows, she is worth more than any other woman on the island". [15] Writer Holly Welker comments further, “[the movie] does not view the buying and selling of women as property as essentially or inherently wrong.” [16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heffley, Lynne. "Polynesian fairy tale", Los Angeles Times, 15 July 2004. Retrieved on 14 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Means, Sean P. "LDS classic "Johnny Lingo" now on YouTube", The Salt Lake Tribune, 10 June 2011. Retrieved on 14 March 2020.
  3. ^ Staff writer (January–June 1969). Motion Pictures and Filmstrips. Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third Series. 23, Parts 12–13, Number 1. Washington, DC: The Library of Congress. p. 17.
  4. ^ Eddington, Mark. "Mormon lore is a book to sit down with", The Salt Lake Tribune, 27 December 2005. Retrieved on 14 March 2020.
  5. ^ McGerr, Patricia (November 1966). Tighe, Eileen (ed.). "Johnny Lingo and the Eight-Cow Wife". Woman's Day. Vol. 29 no. 11. Fawcett Publications.
  6. ^ a b McGerr, Patricia (9 March 1966). "Johnny Lingo and the Eight-Cow Wife". The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 33 no. 41. Sydney, Australia: Australian Consolidated Press. pp. 25, 47–48 – via Internet Archive.
  7. ^ Bradford, Reed H. (January 1969). McKay, David O. (ed.). "His is an Inspiring Love". Vol. 104 no. 1. Deseret, UT: Deseret Sunday School Union. pp. 14–19 – via Internet Archive. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  8. ^ McGerr, Patricia (February 1988). "Johnny Lingo and the Eight-Cow Wife". Reader's Digest. Vol. 132 no. 790. pp. 138–141.
  9. ^ Exum, Roy (1 October 1998). "'The Dowry' in Chapter 4: On Marriage". In Canfield, Jack; Hansen, Mark Victor; Jennifer Read, Hawthorne; Shimoff, Marci (eds.). A Second Chicken Soup for the Woman's Soul. Deerfield Beach, Florida: Health Communications, Inc. pp. 134–136. ISBN 9781558746220.
  10. ^ Shull, William (8 February 1969). "Highly Praised Film Being Shown at Regional Meets". Church News. Deseret News. 371 (34). Salt Lake City, UT. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "LDS Film Classics: Johnny Lingo". BYU Creative Works Catalog. Brigham Young University. 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  12. ^ Sorensen, Marilou (30 November 1993). "'Hana' AND 'Punga' Entertain and Teach Lessons". Deseret News. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  13. ^ Clark, Cody. "Audiences who know the Lingo will delight in new eight-cow DVD", Provo Herald, 15 May 2004. Retrieved on 14 March 2020.
  14. ^ "A Price Far Above Rubies vs. Eight Cows: What's a Virtuous Woman Worth?". Sunstone 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  15. ^ "LDS classic 'Johnny Lingo' now on YouTube". Salt Lake Tribune 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  16. ^ "A Price Far Above Rubies vs. Eight Cows: What's a Virtuous Woman Worth?" (PDF). Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Spring 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]