|Born: September 25, 1917|
|Died: November 7, 2006 (aged 89)|
Downers Grove, Illinois
|April 17, 1942, for the Boston Braves|
|Last MLB appearance|
|July 15, 1955, for the Kansas City Athletics|
|Earned run average||3.49|
|Career highlights and awards|
John Franklin Sain (September 25, 1917 – November 7, 2006) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who was best known for teaming with left-hander Warren Spahn on the Boston Braves teams from 1946 to 1951. He was the runner-up for the National League's Most Valuable Player Award in the Braves' pennant-winning season of 1948, after leading the National League in wins, complete games and innings pitched. He later became further well known as one of the top pitching coaches in the majors.
Beginning in late 1942, Sain served in the United States Navy during World War II. As a navy pilot, he spent the next three years stateside, while also playing baseball on the navy bases. He was discharged in November 1945.
Pitching star of post-war Boston Braves
Born in Havana, Arkansas, Sain pitched for 11 years, winning 139 games and losing 116 in his career and compiled an earned run average of 3.49. His best years were those immediately after World War II, when he won 100 games for the Boston Braves, before being traded to the New York Yankees during the 1951 season for Lew Burdette and cash.
Sain had the distinction of being the first pitcher in the Major Leagues to face Jackie Robinson. In 1943, while participating in a benefit game for the Red Cross, Sain became the last man to pitch against Babe Ruth in organized baseball.
In 1948, Sain won 24 games against 15 losses and finished second in the voting for the Most Valuable Player Award behind the St. Louis Cardinals' Stan Musial, who had won two legs of the Triple Crown. Sain and teammate Spahn achieved joint immortality that year when their feats were the subject of sports editor Gerald V. Hern's poem in the Boston Post which was eventually shortened to the epigram "Spahn and Sain; then pray for rain." According to the Baseball Almanac, the original doggerel appeared in Hern's column on September 14, 1948:
First we'll use Spahn
then we'll use Sain
Then an off day
followed by rain
Back will come Spahn
followed by Sain
by two days of rain.
The poem was inspired by the performance of Sain and Spahn during the Braves' 1948 pennant drive. The team swept a Labor Day doubleheader, with Spahn throwing a complete game 14-inning win in the opener, and Sain pitching a shutout in the second game. Following two off days, it did rain. Spahn won the next day, and Sain won the day after that. Three days later, Spahn won again. Sain won the next day. After one more off day, the two pitchers were brought back, and won another doubleheader. The two pitchers had gone 8–0 in twelve days' time.
That year, the Boston Braves won their second and last National League pennant of the post-1901 era, but fell in six games to the Cleveland Indians in the 1948 World Series. Sain won the first game of the Series, a 1–0 shutout at Braves Field that included a memorable play in which Boston catcher Phil Masi was called safe after an apparent pickoff at second base. Masi went on to score the game's only run.
When Sain was pitching, he thought that merely throwing the ball was not enough to get the ball to vary its course as it travelled to home plate. In order to throw a pitch such as a curveball or a screwball, he had to snap his wrist.
After retiring as a player, Sain spent many years as a well-regarded but outspoken pitching coach for the Athletics, Yankees, Minnesota Twins, Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox and Atlanta Braves. During the 1960s, Sain coached the pitchers of five of the American League's ten pennant-winning teams.
While serving as the Yankees pitching coach, Sain picked up an apple one day and poked a broken car antenna through it. Spinning the apple, Sain came to the idea that he could do the same with a baseball by inserting a wooden rod into it, enabling him to spin the ball differently, imitating the spins used for different pitches. Sain eventually patented the idea and sold it from his home in Arkansas.
An independent thinker among coaches, Sain tended to be admired by his pitchers, but he battled with at least two of his managers—Sam Mele of the Twins and Mayo Smith of the Tigers—when he disagreed with them. In each case, Sain was fired, but the manager's dismissal soon followed when his pitching staff suffered from Sain's absence. Sain did not make friends among owners and general managers, either, when he would advise pitchers to "climb those golden stairs" to their teams' front offices to demand more money in salary talks. Sain was also well known for ignoring running drills that pitchers despised. He frequently told pitchers and managers "You don't run the damn ball across the plate. If running did it, they'd look for pitchers on track teams."
Jim Bouton, in his book Ball Four, expressed unreserved admiration for Sain, who had been his pitching tutor in New York during his first two Major League seasons, 1962 and 1963. Bouton openly wished to pitch for the 1969 Tigers in order to have a chance to again benefit from Sain's coaching. Sain and Bouton were briefly reunited in the Atlanta Braves system in 1978. Tommy John, on the other hand, had trouble working with Sain, who kept trying to get the pitcher to throw a slider, a pitch that gave John trouble. "Sain could show you how to throw any pitch in the book, but he couldn't look at your motion and tell if your mechanics were off," recalled John. "For a sinkerballer [which John was], that spells trouble."
- List of Major League Baseball annual saves leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders
- Pitcher of the Year Award
- Finkel, Jan. "Johnny Sain". sabr.org. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Baseball in Wartime – Johnny Sain". BaseballinWartime.com. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Schudel, Matt (November 9, 2006). "Pitcher Johnny Sain, 89, Hurled His Way Into History". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season, p. 57, Jonathan Eig, Simon & Schuster, 2007, New York, ISBN 978-0-7432-9461-4
- Baseball Historian – Part of the Sports Historian Network Archived December 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- John, Tommy; Valenti, Dan (1991). TJ: My Twenty-Six Years in Baseball. New York: Bantam. p. 56. ISBN 0-553-07184-X.
- Kepner, Tyler (2019). K: A History of Baseball in Ten Pitches. New York: Doubleday. p. 7–10. ISBN 9780385541015.
- Bouton, Jim (1970). Ball Four. New York: World Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 0-02-030665-2.
- John and Valenti, p. 119
- Fallon, Michael. "Tommy John". SABR. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- Johnny Sain, 89, Who Inspired Baseball Rhyme, Dies
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Johnny Sain at Find a Grave
- Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins – Biography from author of 1965 Minnesota Twins' book
| Kansas City Athletics Pitching Coach
| New York Yankees Pitching Coach
| Minnesota Twins Pitching Coach
| Detroit Tigers Pitching Coach
| Chicago White Sox Pitching Coach
| Atlanta Braves Pitching Coach
Bruce Dal Canton