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|Birth name||John Henry Smith|
June 25, 1922|
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||June 11, 2013
Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.
|Genres||Cool jazz, mainstream jazz|
|Labels||Columbia, Concord, Roost, Roulette, Verve|
|Associated acts||Bing Crosby, Count Basie, Stan Getz, Benny Goodman, Stan Kenton|
Gibson Johnny Smith
Guild Johnny Smith Award
Heritage Johnny Smith
John Henry "Johnny" Smith (June 25, 1922 – June 11, 2013) was an American cool jazz and mainstream jazz guitarist. He wrote the tune "Walk, Don't Run" in 1954. He was born in Birmingham, Alabama. In 1984, Smith was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.
Smith taught himself to play guitar in pawnshops, which let him play in exchange for keeping the guitars in tune. At thirteen years of age he was teaching others to play the guitar. One of Smith's students bought a new guitar and gave him his old guitar, which became the first guitar Smith owned.
Smith joined Uncle Lem and the Mountain Boys, a local hillbilly band that travelled around Maine, performing at dances, fairs and similar venues. Smith earned four dollars a night. He dropped out of high school to accommodate this enterprise.
Having become increasingly interested in the jazz bands that he heard on the radio, Smith gradually moved away from country music towards playing more jazz. He left The Mountain Boys when he was eighteen years old to join a variety trio called the Airport Boys.
Having learned to fly from pilots he befriended, Smith enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps in the hopes of becoming a military pilot. He was invalidated from the flight programme because of imperfect vision in his left eye. Given a choice between joining the military band and being sent to mechanic's school, Smith opted to join the military band. Smith claims that they gave him a cornet, an Arban's instructional book and two weeks to meet the standard, which included being able to read music. Determined not to go to mechanic's school, Smith spent the two weeks practicing the cornet in the latrine, as recommended by the bandleader, and passed the examination.
An extremely diverse musician, Johnny Smith was equally at home playing in the famous Birdland jazz club or sight reading scores in the orchestral pit of the New York Philharmonic. From Schoenberg to Gershwin to originals, Smith was one of the most versatile guitarists of the 1950s.
As a staff studio guitarist and arranger for NBC from 1946 to 1951, and on a freelance basis thereafter until 1958, he played in a variety of settings from solo to full orchestra and had his own trio, The Playboys, with Mort Lindsey and Arlo Hults.
Smith's playing is characterized by closed-position chord voicings and rapidly ascending lines (reminiscent of Django, but more diatonic than chromatically-based). From those famous 1952 sides and into the 1960s he recorded for the Roost label, on whose releases his reputation mainly rests. Mosaic Records has issued the majority of them in an 8-CD set.
His most famous musical composition is the tune "Walk Don't Run", written for a 1954 recording session as counter-melody to the chord changes of "Softly, As In A Morning Sunrise". Guitarist Chet Atkins covered the tune, recording a neo-classical rendition of the song on the electric guitar for his Hi Fi in Focus album which preceded the Ventures' hit by three years. He played his arrangement fingerstyle, including the bass notes A,G,F and E which later became the basis for the Ventures' arrangement. The musicians who became The Ventures heard the Atkins version, simplified it, sped it up, and recorded it in 1960. The Ventures' version went to No. 2 on the Billboard Top 100 for a week in September 1960.
Johnny Smith stepped out of the public eye in the 1960s, having moved to Colorado in 1958 to teach and run a music store and to raise his daughter after the death of his second wife.
Guild, Gibson, and Heritage have all made guitar models designed and endorsed by Johnny Smith. In each case, the guitar was designed wholly or in part by Smith. Each design was a full-bodied archtop guitar with a top carved from solid spruce and a back and sides made of solid maple. All the on-board electronics for each guitar, from the small pickup in the neck position through the volume knob to the output jack, were mounted on the pickguard.
Guild Johnny Smith Award
In 1955, after discussions with Alfred Dronge, chairman and founder of Guild Guitar Company, Smith designed a guitar and sent the drawings and specifications to Dronge. The Guild designers modified it (to Smith's dissatisfaction), and manufactured the resulting guitar as the Guild Johnny Smith Award.
Gibson Johnny Smith
In 1961, Ted McCarty, then president of Gibson, went to meet the retired Smith at his home in Colorado Springs. McCarty spent several days with Smith, during which time Smith designed the guitar he wanted built. The design was accepted by Gibson with a few minor cosmetic changes which were acceptable to Smith. Gibson began production of the resulting Gibson Johnny Smith model that year. Guild continued to produce their Johnny Smith guitar under the model name Guild Artist Award.
Heritage Johnny Smith
When Gibson moved its manufacturing facilities from Kalamazoo, Michigan to Nashville, Tennessee, several of their managers and artisans chose to stay behind. Many of these ex-employees formed Heritage Guitars and bought the old Kalamazoo factory from Gibson. Given a choice between Gibson and Heritage building the guitar that bore his name, Smith chose to stay with the old artisans at the old location under new ownership. The Heritage Johnny Smith model was introduced in 1989. Like Guild before them, Gibson continued to manufacture their version of the Johnny Smith design with a new name: the Gibson LeGrand.
Guild Johnny Smith Award by Benedetto
William Schultz, chairman of Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, of which Guild Guitars was a subsidiary, asked Smith if he would be willing to return his endorsement to the Guild Artist Award. Familiar with Schultz's management, and knowing that the construction would be supervised by master luthier Bob Benedetto, Smith agreed. The Guild Johnny Smith Award by Benedetto was available through Guild dealers until early 2006 when Benedetto left Fender. Unlike Guild and Gibson, Heritage Guitars discontinued manufacture of their Smith-designed guitar after Smith withdrew his endorsement.
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- Solo albums
- In A Mellow Mood (Roost, 1954)
- In a Sentimental Mood (Roost, 1954)
- Moods (Roost, 1955)
- The New Johnny Smith Quartet (Roost, 1956)
- The "Johnny Smith" Foursome (Roost, 1956)
- Guitar and Strings (Roost, 1960)
- My Dear Little Sweetheart (Roost, 1960)
- The Sound of the Johnny Smith Guitar (Roost, 1961)
- The Man And The Blue Guitar (Roost, 1962)
- Reminiscing (Roost, 1965)
- Johnny Smith Plays Jimmy Van Heusen (Roost, ???)
- Johnny Smith (Verve Records, 1967)
- Johnny Smith's Kaleidoscope (Verve Records, 1968)
- Phase II (Verve Records, 1968)
- Walk, Don't Run (Roulette Jazz, 2005)
- with the Johnny Smith Quintet
- with the Johnny Smith Quartet
- with the Johnny Smith Trio
With Stan Getz
- The Complete Roost Recordings (Blue Note, 1950–54 )
- with Hank Jones
- Urbanity (Clef, 1947-53 )
- Flanagan, Lin (2015). Moonlight in Vermont: The Official Biography of Johnny Smith. Anaheim Hills: Centerstream Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-57424-322-2.
- "Johnny Smith Goes Full Circle" Interview with Charles H. Chapman
- Flanagan, Lin (2015). Moonlight in Vermont: The Official Biography of Johnny Smith. Anaheim Hills: Centerstream Publishing. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-57424-322-2.
- Mosaic Records - The Complete Roost Johnny Smith Small Group Sessions (#216)
- Flanagan, Lin (2015). Moonlight in Vermont: The Official Biography of Johnny Smith. Anaheim Hills: Centerstream Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-57424-322-2.
- "Bart Stringham - Jazz Guitarist : The Song That Launched A Thousand Ships". Bartstringham.com. Retrieved 2013-06-18.
- Bacon, T. "The Ultimate Guitar Book" p. 143 Dorling Kindersley Limited, 1991 ISBN 0-86318-640-8
- Bacon, T. "The Ultimate Guitar Book" p. 135 Dorling Kindersley Limited, 1991 ISBN 0-86318-640-8
- Heritage Guitar Inc., Model History
- Gibson LeGrand Specification Page
- Benedetto Guitars
- Benedetto Guitars: Note regarding Fender parting
- Official website
- Jazz Guitarists
- Adam Bernstein: Johnny Smith, 90, acclaimed jazz guitarist, dies at 90 - The Washington Post Obituary, The Washington Post, June 15, 2013