Johnson N. Camden

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Johnson Newlon Camden
Johnson N. Camden.jpg
United States Senator
from West Virginia
In office
March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1887
Preceded by Frank Hereford
Succeeded by Charles J. Faulkner
In office
January 25, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Preceded by John E. Kenna
Succeeded by Stephen B. Elkins
Personal details
Born (1828-03-06)March 6, 1828
Lewis County, Virginia
(now West Virginia)
Died April 25, 1908(1908-04-25) (aged 80)
Baltimore, Maryland
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Anna Gaither Thompson
Children Johnson N. Camden, Jr., George Camden, Annie Camden Spilman

Johnson Newlon Camden (March 6, 1828 – April 25, 1908) was a prominent industrialist, banker and railroad tycoon who was estimated to be have a $25 million at his unexpected death.[1] Although both of his attempts to become governor of the new state of West Virginia failed, he did become United States Senator, representing West Virginia on two separate occasions.

Early and family life[edit]

Born in 1828 in Collins Settlement, the county seat of Lewis County, Virginia (now West Virginia), to Col. John Scrivener Camden (1798–1862) and his wife the former Nancy Newlon, Johnson Newlon Camden was the grandson of Rev. Henry Benjamin Camden. His siblings included C.S.A. Lt. Col. Edward Duncan Camden (1840–1922), William D. Camden (1842–1878), Amanda McKinley, Lorenzo Dow Camden (1844–1910) and John Scrivener Camdenn (1851–1923).

Johnson N. Camden attended school in Sutton and at age 14 apprenticed with the county clerk in Weston.[2] In 1846, he won an appointment as a cadet to the United States Military Academy at West Point while his father represented Braxton, Lewis and Gilmer Counties in the Virginia House of Delegates for a single term (1845–46). Young J. N. Camden studied for two years until resigning in 1848, to read law in his home state.

On June 22, 1858 in Wheeling, Johnson N. Camden married Anne Thompson (1834–1918), daughter of prominent lawyer George W. Thompson, who had become a U.S. Congressman and was then a prominent local judge. They would have children Johnson Newlon Camden Jr. (1865–1942) and Annie Camden Spilman (1862–1958), although their son George died as an infant.[3]

Law and politics[edit]

Camden was admitted to the Virginia bar and began his practice in Sutton, the Braxton County seat in 1851. Although his father continued to live in Lewis county, his brothers Edwin, William and Lorenzo had moved to Braxton County. Young Johnson N. Camden was appointed the same year as Braxton County's prosecuting attorney. In 1852 J. N. Camden won election as prosecuting attorney for Nicholas County.

In 1858, Camden moved to Parkersburg, on the Ohio River. There he began investing in land. The following year, he moved to Burning Springs, site of an oil boom. Camden became involved in oil refining, coal manufacture and sold part of his interest for $100,000. He joined with his brother in law became a wealthy industrialist, selling their oil interests for $410,000 in 1866, and investing the proceeds in several new industries. Camden Consolidated Oil Company was ultimately acquired by Standard Oil. J.N.Camden also consolidated several small railroads, which helped transport great quantities of coal.[4]

Camden sympathized with the Union and did not serve in either army during the American Civil War, although C.S.A. General Stonewall Jackson had been raised nearby. His father died in Weston in 1862.[5] His younger brother Edwin Duncan Camden became Lt.Col. of the 25th Virginia Infantry, and after capture became on of the Immortal 600 (hostages used by the Union as human shields in South Carolina a retaliation for Confederate treatment of Union prisoners of war).

Johnson Newlon Camden became president of the First National Bank of Parkersburg at its organization in 1862, and was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of West Virginia in 1868 and again in 1872.

Voters finally elected Camden as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate, where he served one term, from March 4, 1881, to March 4, 1887. He then resumed the practice of law at Parkersburg. Upon the death in office of U.S. Senator John E. Kenna, Camden won the election and served the remainder of that term, from January 25, 1893, to March 3, 1895, then retired from elective politics. While in the Senate, Camden was chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expense (Fifty-third Congress) and a member of the Committee on Railroads (Fifty-third Congress). He continued his former business and civic pursuits.

Death and legacy[edit]

Camden died in Baltimore, Maryland en route back to Weston, West Virginia after visiting family.[6] His body was returned to Parkersburg for burial in Parkersburg Memorial Gardens with his infant son, and where his widow would join him a decade later.[7] His son, Johnson N. Camden, Jr., was a U.S. Senator from Kentucky in the 63rd Congress.

In 1903–04, Camden built the Union Trust & Deposit Co./Union Trust National Bank at Parkersburg.[8] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[9] Camden also owned lumber and hotel interests in Lanes Bottom, West Virginia (now known as Camden-on-Gauley).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/businessandindustry/camdenjohnson02.html
  2. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/businessandindustry/camdenjohnson02.html
  3. ^ findagrave no, 7782683
  4. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/businessandindustry/camdenjohnson02.html
  5. ^ J.N. Camden owned one 40 year old mulattofemale slave in Lewis, Virginia in 1860; and his brother Dr.T.B.Camden owned one 15 year old male slave in the same county; John Scrivener Camden owned 5 slaves in Braxton county in 1860
  6. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/businessandindustry/camdenjohnson02.html
  7. ^ findagraveno. 7782683
  8. ^ Eliza Smith, Christina Mann (December 1981). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Citizens National Bank" (PDF). State of West Virginia, West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  10. ^ https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015009099824;view=1up;seq=177;size=125
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Frank Hereford
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from West Virginia
March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1887
Served alongside: Henry G. Davis, John E. Kenna
Succeeded by
Charles J. Faulkner
Preceded by
John E. Kenna
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from West Virginia
January 25, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Served alongside: Charles J. Faulkner
Succeeded by
Stephen B. Elkins