Johnsonville, New Zealand
|Local authority||Wellington City|
|Electoral ward||Northern Ward|
|Land area||371 ha (1.43 sq mi)|
|Railway station(s)||Johnsonville Railway Station|
|East||Johnsonville–Porirua Motorway, Newlands|
Johnsonville is a large suburb in northern Wellington, New Zealand. It is seven kilometres north of the city centre, at the top of the Ngauranga Gorge, on the main route to Porirua (State Highway 1). The population of "J'ville" (as it is commonly known) was 10,239 at the 2013 census.
- 1 Public transport
- 2 History
- 3 Infrastructure
- 4 Community and social groups
- 5 Education
- 6 Nearby suburbs
- 7 See also
- 8 Further reading
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Johnsonville is a reasonably large residential and commercial suburb. Johnsonville Station is the northern terminus of the Johnsonville branch line of the Tranz Metro electric passenger service to central Wellington, with an adjacent bus stop for several routes known as the Johnsonville Hub. Johnsonville supports a large commuter population. Housing is spread around the shopping hub in the centre and extends out to the base of Mt Kaukau to the west, and out across the hill towards the suburb of Newlands to the south-east.
Johnsonville was originally the site of a Maori track from Wellington to Porirua (the Old Porirua Road), and had no native inhabitants before European settlement. Vegetation was dense native forest, dominated by totara, mixed podocarp trees (notably totara and Rimu), Rata and hinau. Johnsonville was settled in 1841 by, among others, Frank Johnson who had purchased a certificate of selection and had drawn the 100 acre 'Section 11 Kinapora (Kenepuru) District'. Initially called 'Johnson's clearing', Frank Johnson built a house by the Johnsonville stream and a timber mill near the center of modern Johnsonville. He quickly denuded the entire Johnsonville area of virgin native forest, with timber sold to help build the nearby town of Wellington. He soon sold his land at a substantial profit, and returned to England by 1858 leaving the environment massively changed, and on which site a farming industry to support nearby Wellington City grew. The Daisy Hill Farm House was built about 1860, and is still standing.
Over the 20th century, farmland slowly gave way to Suburbia, with the first tiny township of Johnsonville steadily growing to become populated principally by a "mid-level" socio-economic strata. Johnsonville was a town by 1896.
1886: the railway arrives
The opening of the railway to Wellington by the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company in 1886 (see Johnsonville Branch and Johnsonville Station) enabled people to commute to Wellington, and the line was electrified with more frequent and faster trains in 1938.
About 1894 stockyards were built in Broderick Road adjacent to the station sidings by Freeman R. Jackson. Stock (cattle and sheep) railed from the Manawatu and elsewhere were driven through the streets and down Fraser Avenue to the Ngauranga abbatoir. The suburb got the name "Cowtown", and residents complained about hygiene and noise. So a new siding and stockyard was opened near Raroa station in 1958.
Johnsonville was proclaimed a local board in 1874. From 1881 it was a dependent town district, renamed in 1887 the Johnsonville Town District. In 1908 the Town Board became independent. In 1909 John Rod, Chairman of the Town Board, negotiated for electric power; supplied by the Hutt Valley Electric Power Board and installed in Johnsonville by Norman Heath & Co. The board was active in the 1912-1922 period when gas lighting and drainage were installed and streets kerbed and channeled. In 1912 a water reservoir was built for water supplied from Ohariu Valley, and a new reservoir built in 1922. Drainage installed in 1912 was to a septic tank in Ngauranga Gorge. The septic tank lasted to 1953; when Johnsonville amalgamated with the Wellington City Council in April and the council completed a main sewer to the area. Surrounding areas also joined Wellington; like Raroa, which had been in the Hutt County Council.
The Town Board area was extended to the Hawtrey Estate north of Ironside Road from 1 April 1932, and the board installed some standpipes to fill water buckets.
The population grew from 143 in 1874 to 206 in 1878 and 438 (in 83 dwellings) in 1897. The population almost doubled between 1901 (502) and 1911, and was just over 3000 by 1951. In 1976 it was 9230; a 37% increase 1956-66 and 106% increase 1966-76.
The town grew rapidly from 1938 with state houses built on the former Native Reserve between Broderick Road and Fraser Avenue; the first was built in Bould Street. From 1938 to 1956, 329 state houses were built.
In the 1960s, the first shopping mall in the Wellington region was built in Johnsonville.
Johnsonville has a modestly large commercial infrastructure and is self-sufficient in many ways; it has a shopping mall, two supermarkets and a library.
Keith Spry Pool
Keith Spry pool is an indoor 25 meter heated pool with a diving pool, toddler pool, spa, and sauna: opened in June 1982. The pool is run by Wellington City Council. On June 2013, work started on a $6 million revamp of the facilities which expanded the complex by 50 percent, adding a new learn to swim pool, replacing the roof and expanding the changing rooms.
Alex Moore Park
Alex Moore park is a sporting ground located on Broderick Road / Moorefield Road. The grounds host football, rugby, cricket, softball and athletics. The facilities include an artificial cricket surface, changing rooms and club house. The Alex Moore Park Development Project is planning a $6 million sports centre on the site that will replace disparate and outdated sports clubrooms with a centralised gym, meeting rooms and function area.
Johnsonville Community Centre
The Johnsonville Community Centre is located on the corner of Frankmoore Avenue and Moorefield Road and provides community services including education, Citizens Advice Bureau, support groups and youth groups. The building is owned by the Wellington City Council and was opened in 1995 after significant investment and fund raising by local community groups.
As a part of the Northern Growth Management Plan from Wellington City Council, there exists a proposal to redevelop Johnsonville's main precinct into the "Johnsonville Town Centre". This plan recognises Johnsonville as Wellington's most economically important commercial and population hub outside the city centre. The plan recommends the creation of a unique and identifiable Johnsonville culture around the triangular precinct - bounded by Johnsonville Road to the east, Broderick Road to the south and Moorefield Road to the west.
Johnsonville has a number of community groups including:
- The Johnsonville Club
- Johnsonville Community Centre (next to Keith Spry pool)
- Johnsonville Lions & Rotary
- Johnsonville Community Association (Inc.)
School enrollment zones
Primary and intermediate education
Johnsonville has one intermediate school and several primary schools:
- Raroa Normal Intermediate is a decile 10 intermediate school with a roll of 622
- Johnsonville School is a decile 9 contributing primary school with a roll of 327
- St Brigids School is a decile 9 contributing primary school with a roll of 313.
- West Park School is a decile 9 contributing primary school with a roll of 356.
The residents of nearby suburbs such as Churton Park, Grenada Village, Newlands, Khandallah, Ngaio and Broadmeadows also use its facilities especially for shopping at the Johnsonville Shopping Centre. While many of these centres have new supermarkets, the range of shops available in Johnsonville is a major attraction to the wider district.
- John Rod, Johnsonville resident
- Bremner, Julie (1983). Wellington’s Northern Suburbs 1840-1918. Wellington: Millwood Press. pp. 80–86. ISBN 0-908582-59-5.
- Bremner, Julie (1987). Wellington’s Northern Suburbs 1919-1945. Wellington: Millwood Press. ISBN 0-908582-80-3.
- Kenneally, Joseph & Betty (1981). Johnsonville Yesterday: An Album from the past (3 ed.). Wellington: Colonial Associates. ISBN 0-9597585-1-8.
- Meyer, R. J. (Bob) (1990). Up in the Hills: a history of Johnsonville. Wellington: Northern Suburbs Community Newspaper Trust. ISBN 0-473-00925-0.
- Pearson, David G. (1980). Johnsonville: Continuity and Change in a New Zealand Township (Studies in Society 6). Sydney: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-86861-281-2.
- "Community Profile - Johnsonville". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Chapman, Katie (6 January 2010). "Story of a suburb: Johnsonville". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Jackman, Amy (28 March 2014). "Look what Frank Johnson started". The Wellingtonian. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Johnsonville, 1896". Cyclopedia of New Zealand. 1896.
- Bremner 1983, p. 43.
- Bremner 1983, p. 80.
- Pearson 1980, p. 30.
- "Johnsonville Improvements". Dominion, Volume 2, Issue 562. 17 July 1909. p. 6. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- Kenneally, Joseph & Betty (1981). Johnsonville Yesterday: An Album from the past. Wellington: Colonial Associates. pp. 9, 10. ISBN 0-9597585-1-8.
- Meyer 1990, p. 59.
- Pearson 1980, pp. 19-32.
- Meyer 1990, p. 25.
- Bremner 1987, p. 74.
- Pearson 1980, p. 27.
- Maclean, Chris (13 July 2012). "Wellington places - Northern suburbs". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Meyer 1990, p. 89.
- Rangi, Stephanie (20 June 2013). "Work on J'ville pool under way". The Wellingtonian. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Jancic, Boris (2 April 2013). "$6m Johnsonville sports centre planned". The Wellingtonian. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "About Us". Johnsonville Community Centre. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Johnsonville Town Centre Plan". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Johnsonville Community Association (Inc.)". Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "eLearning Schools Search". Ministry of Education.
- "Ministry of Education School Rolls". Ministry of Education.
- "Decile Change 2014 to 2015 for State & State Integrated Schools". Ministry of Education. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Raroa Normal Intermediate". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
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