Johnston City, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Johnston City
City
Country United States
State Illinois
County Williamson
Coordinates 37°49′15″N 88°55′39″W / 37.82083°N 88.92750°W / 37.82083; -88.92750Coordinates: 37°49′15″N 88°55′39″W / 37.82083°N 88.92750°W / 37.82083; -88.92750
Area 2.12 sq mi (5 km2)
 - land 2.06 sq mi (5 km2)
 - water 0.06 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 3,557 (2000)
Density 1,820.9/sq mi (703/km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62951
Area code 618
Location of Johnston City within Illinois
Location of Johnston City within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Johnston City, Illinois

Johnston City is a city in Williamson County, south central Illinois, United States. The population was 3,543 at the 2010 census. This was a center of coal mining in the early 20th century, having a peak of population in 1920. The mining jobs attracted many immigrants from Europe.

History[edit]

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a number of immigrant miners from Italy, Wales and other areas arrived to work in the coal mines. There were tensions among the different ethnic groups, especially when miners went out on strike for better wages and conditions. On June 10, 1915, the city was the site of the lynching of Joe Strando, an Italian immigrant miner from Sicily, by a mob of 300 American men. He was taken from the jail where he was held as a suspect in the murder of Edward Chapman, a wealthy local citizen, and wounding of his daughter.[1] Sicilians were outraged and gathered reinforcements; Americans were arrayed against them. The governor sent in three companies of militia to suppress violence.[1]

Six years later, immigrant Settino de Santis confessed to the murder of Chapman, saying that the man was accidentally shot while visiting at the home of mine foreman Ben Schull. De Santis and two other men shot at Schull in retaliation for having been fired. De Santis confessed before he was executed in another capital case.[2]

With the decline of mining, the number of jobs fell. By 1940 the city's population was just under 4,000. For 2015 the US Census estimated the population at 3500.[3]

Geography[edit]

Johnston City is located at 37°49′15″N 88°55′39″W / 37.820747°N 88.927529°W / 37.820747; -88.927529.[4]

According to the 2010 census, Johnston City has a total area of 2.12 square miles (5.49 km2), of which 2.06 square miles (5.34 km2) (or 97.17%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 2.83%) is water.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 787
1910 3,248 312.7%
1920 7,137 119.7%
1930 5,945 −16.7%
1940 5,418 −8.9%
1950 4,479 −17.3%
1960 3,891 −13.1%
1970 3,982 2.3%
1980 3,873 −2.7%
1990 3,706 −4.3%
2000 3,557 −4.0%
2010 3,543 −0.4%
Est. 2015 3,500 [3] −1.2%
U.S. Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 3,557 people, 1,560 households, and 1,010 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,820.9 people per square mile (704.3/km²). There were 1,745 housing units at an average density of 893.3 per square mile (345.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.07% White, 0.11% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.

There were 1,560 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,143, and the median income for a family was $32,363. Males had a median income of $30,038 versus $16,853 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,764. About 19.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SLAYER LYNCHED BY ILLINOIS MOB", Belvidere Daily Republican (Belvidere, Illinois), 11 June 1915; accessed 2 February 2017
  2. ^ Associated Press, "ADMITS INNOCENT MAN WAS LYNCHED", The Des Moines Register (Des Moines, Iowa), 12 February 1921; accessed 2 February 2017
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing, U.S. Census Bureau 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Categories:Lynchings in the United States