Johnstons Creek (New South Wales)

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Johnstons Creek
Johnston's Creek
Johnstons Creek, Glebe NSW.JPG
Johnstons Creek from the footbridge between Federal and Bicentennial Parks.
EtymologyIn honour of Lieutenant-Colonel George Johnston[1]
Location
CountryAustralia
StateNew South Wales
RegionSydney basin (IBRA), Sydney, Inner West
MunicipalityLeichhardt
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationPetersham
MouthJohnstons Bay
 ⁃ location
Rozelle Bay
Basin features
River systemPort Jackson/Sydney Harbour
Tributaries 
 ⁃ rightOrphan School Creek

Johnstons Creek, formerly Johnston's Creek, is an urban gully,[2] located in Sydney, Australia and situated in the Leichhardt local government area. The creek flows from Petersham, past Annandale, Camperdown, Forest Lodge and Harold Park, before spilling into Rozelle Bay, within Sydney Harbour.

Course and features[edit]

Originally a natural watercourse, Johnston's Creek was converted into a brick and concrete channel in the 1890s in order to improve sanitation in Sydney[citation needed]. The creek rises in Petersham and initially marked the eastern boundary of the land granted to Lieutenant-Colonel George Johnston[1] in the 1790s, which he named Annandale. The Annandale Estate was subdivided in the latter part of the 19th Century into what is now the suburbs of Stanmore and Annandale. The channel now forms a boundary of Annandale, Forest Lodge, Camperdown and Stanmore.[citation needed]

Johnstons Creek has one minor tributary, Orphan School Creek, an urban canal that joins Johnstons Creek at Forest Lodge.[citation needed]

Urban structures[edit]

Johnstons Creek is crossed by the Annandale Bridge on Parramatta Road, and road bridges at Booth Street and The Crescent. The heritage-listed Allan Truss Bridge, formerly the Federal Road Bridge, crosses Johnstons Creek near its mouth, connecting Annandale and Glebe. The bridge was decommissioned for road usage and converted as a footbridge in 2000.[3] A small pedestrian and road bridge crosses the canal at Harold Park,[citation needed] and a former tram bridge provides a direct route from Minogue Crescent to Hogan and Spindler Park. The Bowstring Bridge, a footbridge, is an early example of reinforced concrete bowstring arch bridges built in Australia, located on Minogue Crescent, Forest Lodge.[4]

A heavy rail viaduct, now used for the Inner West Light Rail, crosses the creek between Jubilee Park and Federal Park, west of Glebe.

Completed in 1898, the Johnstons Creek Sewerage Aqueduct connects Sydney's western suburbs to the Northern Main Sewer extension of the Bondi Ocean Outfall Sewer, managed by Sydney Water. The Johnston and Whites Creek aqueducts, both listed on the Register of the National Estate, were the first reinforced concrete structures in Australia.[5]

A salt marsh wetland was constructed in 2001 to filter storm water before it enters Sydney Harbour via Johnston's Creek.[citation needed]

Marine life[edit]

In September 2009 a bull shark believed to be 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in) long was sighted in Johnstons Creek. The shark was last seen swimming along the Glebe foreshore in the direction of the Anzac Bridge.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Johnstons Bay". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Johnstons Creek (gully)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ "Allan Truss Bridge, Former Federal Road Bridge". NSW State Heritage Register. Government of New South Wales. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Bowstring Bridge". NSW State Heritage Register. Government of New South Wales. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Johnstons Creek Sewage Aqueduct". Heritage item. Sydney Water. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  6. ^ Cubby, Ben (17 September 2009). "Big fish in a small canal". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 August 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°36′S 150°35′E / 34.600°S 150.583°E / -34.600; 150.583