Joice NanKivell Loch
Joice NanKivell Loch MBE (24 January 1887 – 8 October 1982) was an Australian author, journalist and humanitarian worker who worked with refugees in Poland, Greece and Romania after World War I and World War II.
Joice Mary NanKivell was born at Farnham sugar cane plantation in Ingham in far north Queensland in 1887. Her father acted as manager of the plantation for Fanning, NanKivell, a company run by the Fanning brothers and her wealthy grandfather, Thomas NanKivell. The family fortune was lost however when Kanaka labour was abolished and Joice and her parents walked off the property virtually penniless. Her father, George NanKivell, took a job as manager on a run-down property in Myrrhee, North East Victoria where Joice grew up. She had wanted to become a doctor but the family was unable to pay university fees and so she helped on the property until she was 26 years old. After the death of her brother during World War I, her father abandoned the farm and Joice went to Melbourne where she worked for the Professor of Classics at the University of Melbourne and reviewed books for the Melbourne Herald.
She met her husband, Gallipoli veteran Sydney Loch when she reviewed his anti-war book To Hell and Back, the banned story of Gallipoli, which told of the horrors of that campaign. The book had been banned by the military censor fearful that if the truth about the slaughter at Gallipoli were revealed young men would stop enlisting to fight in France.
Joice and Sydney Loch went to Poland as aid workers for the Quaker Relief Movement with the aim of writing a book about the damage that Lenin's troops had inflicted on Poland and were awarded medals by the President of Poland for their humanitarian work. In 1922 they went to Greece as aid workers following the burning of Smyrna. The Lochs worked in a Quaker-run refugee camp on the outskirts of Thessaloniki for two years before being given a peppercorn rent on a Byzantine tower by the sea in the refugee village of Ouranoupoli, the last settlement before Mount Athos.
To help the villagers, Loch purchased looms so that the women could work as rug weavers; she designed Byzantine rugs, one of which is now on display in the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney. She also acted as a medical orderly and held regular clinics for the villagers. For their work in Greece the couple were awarded medals by the King of the Hellenes.
Operation Pied Piper
During World War II, Loch was awarded another two medals by the Governments of Romania and Poland for saving a thousand Polish and Jewish children from the Nazis by leading a daring escape known as Operation Pied Piper from Romania where they were running a refugee centre for Poles who had escaped from the Nazis and the Russian invasion. Subsequently the Lochs ran a refugee camp for Poles at Haifa. In 1953 they returned to Greece and their tower home and re-established the Pyrgos rug industry in Ouranoupolis.
Sydney Loch (1888 – 6 February 1955) was a Gallipoli veteran and a humanitarian worker. He was born in London, raised in Scotland, and sailed to Australia in 1905, aged 17, working first as a jackaroo. He joined the Australian forces at the outbreak of the First World War and served in Gallipoli until being discharged for wounds and illness. He later became a journalist and writer. He and Joice NanKivell wed in 1919. They sailed for England and secured a contract to write a book on Ireland, which was published as Ireland in Travail.
In addition to the honours bestowed on her by Greece, Romania and Poland, she was also honoured by Serbia and her home country Australia, In 1972 on the recommendation of the Australian government she was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire for "international relations".
Sydney Loch died on 6 February 1955. Joice Loch died in her home in Ouranoupoli on 8 October 1982, aged 95.
- The Cobweb Ladder (1916), poetry and prose for children
- The Solitary Pedestrian (1918)
- The Fourteen Thumbs of st Peter (1926)
- A Fringe of Blue (1968)
- "Agent Details: Loch, Joice Nankivell". author information available for public browsing. www.AustLit.edu.au. Retrieved 10 July 2006.
- Kontominas, B. "The great heroine Australia forgot", Sydney Morning Herald, 8 July 2006
- To Hell and Back, The Banned Story of Gallipoli. HarperCollins, Sydney. 2007. Text by Sydney Loch with foreword and epilogue by Susanna and Jake de Vries.
- Loch, S (1957) Athos, the Holy Mountain, Lutterworth Press, London, P249
- Maxine McKew; Susanna De Vries (28 December 2000). "Transcript: Australian women of the century remembered in federation book". 7:30 report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 August 2006.
- Loch, S (1957) Athos, the Holy Mountain, Lutterworth Press, London, P250
- De Vries, Susanna. Blue Ribbons Bitter Bread, the Story of Joice Loch, Australia's Most Decorated Woman. 2000. Pirgos Press/Dennis Jones, Melbourne. ISBN 0-86806-691-5
- It's an Honour. Retrieved 9 March 2014
- Adelaide, Debra (1988) Australian women writers: a bibliographic guide, London, Pandora
- De Vries, Susanna, 'Blue Ribbons Bitter Bread: the Life of Joice NanKivell Loch (3rd ed., 2005)