Joida

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Joida
ಜೋಯಿಡಾ
जोयिडा
town
Joida is located in Karnataka
Joida
Joida
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 15°09′38″N 74°28′50″E / 15.160532°N 74.4804383°E / 15.160532; 74.4804383Coordinates: 15°09′38″N 74°28′50″E / 15.160532°N 74.4804383°E / 15.160532; 74.4804383
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Uttara Kannada
Language
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 581 186
Telephone code +91-8383
Vehicle registration KA-65

Joida is a small town in the Uttara Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town is the headquarters of the eponymous taluk. Located close to Ambikanagar, Joida is also called Supa by locals. KPCL maintains the Supa Dam, which straddles the Kali River nearby. The closest tourism destination to Joida is Dandeli. Other close by tourism destinations include Yellapur, Canacona and Castle Rock. Joida is 22 km from Dandeli. Although it is a taluk, it is still underdeveloped, with the forest surrounding most of the town. Joida comes under Ansi Tiger Reserve Area, this reserve area is one of the 30 Tiger reserve area in India, just 1 km from Patoli on Dandeli-Joida Road. Joida is covered in dense forest of about 87% and Joida taluk having lowest polulation in Karnataka State.[1]

Geography[edit]

Joida is located at 15°09′38″N 74°28′50″E / 15.160532°N 74.4804383°E / 15.160532; 74.4804383.[2] It has an average elevation of 532 metres (1745.4), and is situated in the Western Ghats. Joida is covered by 87% of dense forest. It is located around 412.1 kilometer away from the state capital Bengaluru. The other surrounding state capitals are Chennai 254.6 KM., Mumbai 457.9 KM., Hyderabad 494.2 KM., Kavaratti 549.3 KM. River Kali begins at a place near Joida called "Kushavali" and the river spread over 162 km in Joida and flows through all four dams (Supa, Bomnalli, Kodasalli and Kadra). Uttarakannada's highest hill called "Terali Betta" is in Joida its 1048 meter tall.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Joida had a population of 3452 within town limits. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49% (1687 males and 1765 females). Joida has an average literacy rate of 82.10%, which is much higher than the national average of 74.05% and state average 75.36%: male literacy is 90.21% and female literacy is 74.24%. In Joida population of children with age 0-6 is 401 which makes up 11.62% of total population.[3]

Language[edit]

The official language of Joida is Kannada.[4] The main languages spoken are Kannada and Konkani. Marathi and Urdu are spoken by minority of the population. Joida people use Kannada, English language for communication.[2]

History[edit]

There is a substantial amount of Chardo families in this area as they had migrated due to the persecution of the Portuguese in Goa.

Access[edit]

By road[edit]

Joida‘s nearest place is Dandeli located at the distance of 18.6 Kilometer. Surrounding towns from Joida are Yellapur (32.6 KM), Londa (34.4 KM), Haliyal (35.6 KM), Sanguem (35.8 KM). Joida is linked to neighboring district headquarters of Belagavi district (Belagavi) - 42.7 KM, Uttara Kannada - 54.2 KM, South Goa district ( Margao ) - 56.8 KM, Dharwad district (Dharwad) - 64.4 KM, North Goa district ( Panaji ) - 79.4 KM.

By train[edit]

The nearest railway station to Joida is Castle Rock which is located in and around 30.7 kilometer distance.[5][6] Other nearby railway stations are Kulem railway station (30.7 KM), Londa Jn railway station (31.8 KM), Nagargali railway station (32.9 KM), Devarayi railway station (34.1 KM). Major railhead is Hubballi, which is the Zonal Headquarters of South Western Railways.

By air[edit]

Joida‘s nearest airport is Goa International Airport situated at 41.2 KM distance. Other airports are Hubli airport (68.7 KM) and Belgaum airport .

Prominent places near Joida[edit]

  • Syntheri Rock : A 300 foot tall monolithic granite monolith located deep within the thick Dandeli Wild Life Sanctuary, with the river Kaneri gushing ferociously by its side, the syntheri rock makes a splended sight. The effect of erosion is clearly seen on this rock, with hollows all over. Innumerable nooks and crannies are home to thousands of pigeons, along with the hives of rock bees hanging alongside, all of which is clearly visible from the Kali wilderness camp across the river. And all it takes in an hour long jeep ride followed by a short walk through the scenic jungle, to reach this incredibly beautiful work of nature.
  • Kavale Caves : About 28Km from Dandeli near Ambika Nagar are located the Kavale Caves, on the ridge of a tall hill amidst a captivating forest backdrop. At the centre of the hall in a huge shivalinga-like formation, more than 1 meter in height. It is the outcome of the combination of stalactite and stalagmite, which has resulted in an upward growing conical formation of the floor, formed due to the dripping from the roof or from a ferro stalactite hang resembling icicles.
  • Ulvi : About 90 km from Karwar and 42 km from Dandeli, Ulvi is an ancient veerashaiva centre and a place of pilgrimage. The name is mentioned differently-Uli or Ulive means to say hide oneself. At Ulvi, the Gaddige of Channabasavanna is found in a huge temple which was originally built in the kalyana chalukyan style, and was later renovated by the Sonda chiefs.[7]
  • Anashi National Park  : Anashi pass is in the Sahyadri Range (Western Ghats) 40 km northeast of Karwar. From Kadra to Anashi is a 10 km of steep ghat section, through thick forest. Motoring through the ghat is an experience in itself with thick jungle, number of big and small water falls which are feast to the eyes. Wild life is abound in the area.[8]

Other destinations[edit]

  • Supa Dam
  • Rafting point
  • Supa Dam back water
  • Ulavi Temple
  • Ganeshgudi Dam
  • Anshi Nature camp
  • Abbe Adventure and Sports Center
  • Moulang

Agriculture[edit]

Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Maize, Pulses, Oilseeds, Cashews, coconut, arecanut, cardamom, chillies, cotton, sugarcane and tobacco are the major crops that are cultivated mostly in the area.[9]

Festivals[edit]

Ugadi, Dasara, Makara Snakranthi, Tula Sankramana, Deepavali, Eid al-Adha, Muharram, Eid al-Fitr are the major festivals celebrated in Joida.

Border issues[edit]

Uttara Kannada district was a part of Bombay Presidency during the British rule. Before reorganization of the States, the district was in Bombay State.[10] The local Konkani-speaking people had close connections with Mumbai then. They had matrimonial relations also with the people in Bombay. Many Marathi-medium schools had also been established in Karwar and Joida taluks. Marathi films were released often in Karwar. The visit of Marathi drama troupes from Mumbai and Pune was an annual feature. However, Konkani-speaking people were disenchanted when Marathis began to claim that Konkani was a dialect of Marathi[citation needed]. They disputed it and asserted that Konkani had independent status as a language[citation needed]. It was the Konkani-speaking people led by late P.S. Kamat who argued before Mahajan Commission that Karwar was an integral part of Karnataka.[10]

News and media[edit]

The Kali News is one of the major local newspapers in the region[citation needed].

Polytechnic College[edit]

Prof Abhinandan Ballary is a famous Poet & Lecturer who worked in Joida From 2011-2013 . His Contribution to the rural area in education field is admirable . Prof Chandrashekar is the Principal of the Government Polytechnic situated here . This Polytechnic has a good infrastructure & students come from various parts of the District to study here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Welcome to Joida". joidaecotours.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  2. ^ a b c "Joida , ಕನ್ನಡ". wikiedit.org. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  3. ^ "Joida Village Population - Supa - Uttara Kannada, Karnataka". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  4. ^ 50th Report of the Commission for Linguistic Minorities in India (PDF). nclm.nic.in. p. 123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-07-08. 
  5. ^ "Castle Rock Station - 17 Train Departures SWR/South Western Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  6. ^ "Castlerock railway station has turned darling for movie makers - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  7. ^ "Joida - Travel/Tourism: Official Website of Uttara Kannada, Karwar, Karnataka". uttarakannada.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  8. ^ "Joida Tourist Attractions". joidaecotours.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  9. ^ "Joida, Supa Mandal, Uttara Kannada". www.sindhindia.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17. 
  10. ^ a b "Karnataka News : MES campaign on border issue in Karwar condemned". The Hindu. 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 

External links[edit]