Joint Base Andrews

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Joint Base Andrews
Camp Springs, Maryland in the United States of America
Boeing VC-25A, widely known as Air Force One when the President is on board, of the 89th Airlift Wing based at JB Andrews.
Boeing VC-25A, widely known as Air Force One when the President is on board, of the 89th Airlift Wing based at JB Andrews.
Joint Base Andrews Official Logo blue.png
Motto: America's Airfield
JB Andrews is located in the United States
JB Andrews
JB Andrews
Location in the United States
Coordinates38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)Coordinates: 38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)
TypeUS military Joint Base
Site information
OwnerDepartment of Defense
OperatorUS Air Force
Controlled byAir Force District of Washington (AFDW)
ConditionOperational
Websitewww.jba.af.mil
Site history
Built1942 (1942) (as Camp Springs Air Base)
In use2009 (2009) – present (as Joint Base)
Garrison information
Current
commander
Colonel Andrew M. Purath
Garrison316th Wing (Host)
Airfield information
IdentifiersIATA: ADW, ICAO: KADW, FAA LID: ADW, WMO: 745940
Elevation85.3 metres (280 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
01R/19L 2,973.6 metres (9,756 ft) Asphalt/Concrete
01L/19R 2,840.1 metres (9,318 ft) Concrete
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

Joint Base Andrews (JBA) is a United States military facility located in Prince George's County, Maryland. The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force 316th Wing, Air Force District of Washington (AFDW).[2] The base was established in 2009, when Andrews Air Force Base and Naval Air Facility Washington were merged.

The base is named for Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), former Commanding General of United States Armed Forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. The base is widely known for serving as the home base of two Boeing VC-25 aircraft which have the call sign Air Force One while the President of the United States is on board.[3]

The host at Andrews is the 316th Wing, assigned to the Air Force District of Washington. The 316th Wing is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs).

For statistical purposes the base is delineated as a census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident population was 2,973.[4]

History[edit]

Andrews Air Force Base[edit]

In August 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the Secretary of War to acquire land to build a military airfield at the present site of Joint Base Andrews, with construction beginning later that year. On 19 April 1943, the first permanent unit arrived, the 463rd Base Headquarters and Air Base Squadron.[5]

Camp Springs Army Air Field became operational on 2 May 1943, when the first Republic P-47 Thunderbolt arrived. Camp Springs became Andrews Field on 2 May 1945 to honor one of the Air Force's founders, Lieutenant General Frank M. Andrews. Shortly after the Air Force became a separate service in 1947, the base's name changed to Andrews Air Force Base.[5]

Lockheed VC-121E Super Constellation '53-7885' Colombine III at Andrews AFB during 1960

In the years following World War II, Andrews served as headquarters for Continental Air Command, Strategic Air Command and the Military Air Transport Service. It was also headquarters to the Air Research and Development Command and its successor, the Air Force Systems Command, from 1950 to 1992. Andrews was best known for its special air mission role, the transportation of senior government and military leaders. President Harry S. Truman was the first to fly a presidential flight out of Andrews on 24 November 1946. The port of entry and departure for dignitaries transferred to Andrews AFB in 1959, with Detachment 1 of the 1254th Air Transport Group receiving its first jet aircraft, a Boeing VC-137 Stratoliner the same year. While the president's official aircraft, a Lockeed C-121 Constellation (Columbine III), remained at Washington National Airport, the president often used the new VC-137 for longer trips. President John F. Kennedy's official aircraft, a Douglas VC-118, permanently transferred from Washington National in March 1962, and Andrews officially became the "Home of Air Force One".[5]

Naval Air Facility Washington[edit]

In 1958, when airspace around Naval Air Station Anacostia in Washington, D.C became too crowded and Anacostia's runways were deemed too short, naval air activities were moved to Andrews Air Force Base to facilitate jet operations with a detachment of T-2V SeaStar jet trainers, the transfer being complete in December 1961.[6]

Throughout the 1960s and into the early 1970s, Navy and Marine Reservists flew the AD-5 Skyraider, FJ-4B Fury, F-8U Crusader, RF-8G Photo Crusader, C-54 Skymaster and C-118 cargo aircraft, SP-2 Neptune aircraft and a variety of others.[7] In April 1972, the Naval Air Reserve was reorganized into two tactical carrier wings (CVW-20 and CVW-30) with supporting transport and patrol squadrons.[7]

In 1989, the Secretary of the Navy signed a new 25-year permit granting NAF Washington continued use of land on Andrews AFB.[7]

A US Navy Lockheed P-3C of VP-68 Blackhawks, taxing at NAF Washington during 1994
A US Navy Lockheed P-3C of VP-68 Blackhawks, taxiing at NAF Washington during 1994.

At the start of 1993, NAF Washington D.C. Air Reservists continued to support naval activities with VMFA-321 flying the F/A-18 Hornet, VP-68 flying the P-3C Orion, VAQ-209 flying the EA-6B Prowler, Fleet Logistic Support Wing Detachment flying the C-20 Gulfstream and T-39 Sabreliner, VR-53 flying the C-130 Hercules and the NAF flying the UC-12B for the transportation of VIPs and light cargo.[8]

By October 2006, Navy Operational Support Center (NOSC) Anacostia merged with NAF Washington. With this merger, NAF assumed the additional title of Naval District Washington Reserve Component Command. In September 2007, NOSC Adelphi in Maryland was disestablished and was merged with the reserve center at NAF Washington, creating the largest NOSC in the country.[8]

2005 Base realignment and closure[edit]

In May 2005, several recommendations relating to Andrews AFB were made by the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission. The most significant was to realign Naval Air Facility Washington, by relocating its installation management functions to Andrews AFB, thereby establishing Joint Base Andrews-Naval Air Facility Washington.[9]

BRAC also recommended relocating several offices of the Secretary of the Air Force to Andrews from leased office space in Arlington, Virginia, thereby reducing reliance on leased space and increasing the security of those activities by locating them within a military installation.[10]

Other changes included the relocation of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) headquarters from Andrews to Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, and the relocation of the Air Force Flight Standards Agency (AFFSA) and its two C-21A to Will Rogers Air National Guard Base, Oklahoma.[11][12]

On 1 October 2010, following the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure process, the Air Force completed the merger of the 11th Wing and the 316th at Joint Base Andrews. The 11th Wing became the host base organization for Joint Base Andrews.[13][14][15]

Major commands to which assigned[edit]

Major units assigned[edit]

In 11 June 2020, the 11th Wing moved back to its former station of Joint Base Anacostia Bolling and returned responsibility for Andrews to the reactivated 316th Wing, which assumed control of the personnel and units of the 11th Wing.[16]

Role and operations[edit]

316th Wing[edit]

Aerial photo 16 May 2010

The 316th Wing is the host wing for Joint Base Andrews, providing security, personnel, contracting, finance and infrastructure support for five wings, three headquarters, more than 80 tenant organizations, 148 geographically separated units, 6,500 personnel in the Pentagon, as well as 60,000 personnel and families in the National Capital Region and abroad. The wing operates several UH-1N Iroquois helicopters in support of daily and contingency operations in Washington, D.C. and it is also responsible for ceremonial support with the US Air Force Arlington Chaplaincy.[17]

89th Airlift Wing[edit]

The 89th Airlift Wing part of Air Mobility Command, is responsible for worldwide special air mission airlift, logistics and communications support for the President, Vice President and other senior US leaders. Air Force One is assigned to the 89th AW.

District of Columbia Air National Guard[edit]

The 113th Wing is the air component of the District of Columbia National Guard. Its two flying units are the 121st Fighter Squadron and 201st Airlift Squadron. The 121st Fighter Squadron flies the F-16C/D Fighting Falcon multi-role fighter and provides protection to the airspace surrounding Washington, D.C. and also conducts overseas air-to-air and air-to-ground combat operations. The 201st Airlift Squadron operates the C-38A Courier and C-40C Clipper transport aircraft and provides an airlift capability to high-ranking military, government leadership, Congressional and White House delegations.[18]

Air Force District of Washington[edit]

Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) is the parent command to the 316th Wing and 844th Communications Group and the 11th Wing at Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling. AFDW provides personnel and support for Air Force activities within the National Capital Region (NCR) and approximately 33,000 personnel and civilians performing duties in more than 500 locations across more than 100 countries. The 11th Wing at Anacostia-Bolling is home to the US Air Force Band and US Air Force Honor Guard, and as the host unit, executes critical national security mission support for approximately 70 mission partners. Finally, the 844th Communications Group at Andrews provides communications, information technology systems, services and management to the Department of the Air Force, AFDW, the National Military Command Center, and their tenant units.[19]

Based units[edit]

Flying and notable non-flying units based at Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington.[20][21][22]

United States Air Force[edit]

Geography[edit]

F-16D of the 113th Wing

Joint Base Andrews is situated a few miles southeast of Washington, D.C. near the town of Morningside. It is delineated as a census-designated place by the United States Census Bureau. The CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (18.0 km2), of which 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.51%, is water.[23]

There are two runways on the base; the western runway is 11,300 feet (3,400 m) in length, and the eastern runway is 9,750 feet (2,970 m) in length. The minor third runway between them at the top of the picture (above the cross-base roadway) is now closed, and the small T-shaped runway at the bottom right of the opening picture was closed and demolished by 2008.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19706,418
198010,06456.8%
199010,2281.6%
20007,925−22.5%
20102,973−62.5%
source:[4][25]

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 7,925 people, 1,932 households, and 1,864 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,158.9 people per square mile (447.3/km2). There were 2,133 housing units at an average density of 311.9 sq mi (120.4/km2). The racial makeup of the base was 65.3% White, 22.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.7% of the population.

There were 1,932 households, out of which 75.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.5% were non-families. Of all households 3.2% were made up of individuals, none of whom was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 35.0% under the age of 18, 16.3% from 18 to 24, 44.9% from 25 to 44, 3.6% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.0 males.

The median income for a household in the base was $44,310, and the median income for a family was $42,866. Males had a median income of $27,070 versus $27,308 for females. The per capita income for the base was $16,520. About 2.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

Housing[edit]

The family housing, privatized, is operated and owned by Liberty Park at Andrews.[27][28]

Facilities for residents[edit]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Andrews AFB Post Office.[29]

Joint Base Andrews CDP is served by the Prince George's County Public Schools (PGCPS).[30] Residents of the CDP are zoned to Francis T. Evans Elementary School,[31] Stephen Decatur Middle School,[32] and Dr. Henry A Wise Jr. High School.[33]

Evans Elementary, within the CDP, has a Clinton postal address and opened in 1968.[30][34] Its namesake is Captain Francis T. Evans, who died when his plane crashed in Prince George's County; according to the school's website, it is believed that he did not bail out since he did not want his aircraft to hit Forestville Elementary School.[34]

There is also a charter school, Imagine Andrews Public Charter School (IAPCS), which opened in 2010.[35] Imagine Schools operates Imagine Andrews,[36] which is a joint venture between it, PGCPS, and Joint Base Andrews. The school reserves 65% of its enrollment spaces for children of military families.[37]

Expo[edit]

Aerial view of the Andrews flight line in May 2004.

The Joint Base Andrews Air & Space Expo is a free airshow that happens every 2 years featuring the United States Air Force Thunderbirds[38] and the Navy's Blue Angels.[39] A variety of presentations from military services and other organizations included the KC-135, the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress,[40] and the UH-1N Iroquois.

Official insignia[edit]

The installation commander of Joint Base Andrews approved a logo re-design in the spring of 2014, which aimed to improve the branding and the overall appearance of the installation across all platforms. The project took several months and went through numerous design changes before approval, but was finalized in the late summer. The new JBA logo project was led and chiefly designed by Senior Airman Dan Burkhardt with important contributions by Mr. Dean Markos, who were both serving the Air Force in the 11th Wing Public Affairs office. The logo was approved and disseminated across all digital platforms and marketed locally in the fall of 2014.

The new logo was re-designed with a flatter, more modern design aesthetic that could comfortably occupy a number of different mediums, from mobile apps, to installation trucks and signs. Contained in it are a number of design elements that refer directly to the joint mission of the installation, which is home to several Air Force Major Commands, Naval Commands, a Marine detachment and a number of other military and government related units.

Design elements[edit]

  • U.S. Capitol Building: The Capitol Building refers to the location of the installation (just outside Washington D.C.) and critical role it plays in supporting the operations and leadership of the U.S. Government.
  • Dual Planes with Contrails: The two planes taking off with contrails flowing downward signify the aerial missions that Joint Base Andrews either hosts or supports directly every day, including the operations and maintenance of Air Force One.
  • America's Airfield: This phrase (one of several unofficial tag-lines of the installation) refers to the mission-critical role that Joint Base Andrews plays in national defense, government and diplomacy.
  • Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington: Unlike the previous logo design, the new design incorporates the official name of the installation in the post-BRAC era.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Airport Diagram – Joint Base Andrews (KADW)" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  2. ^ Officials unveil Joint Base Andrews
  3. ^ Factsheets : Presidential Airlift Group (AMC) United States Air Force Archived 30 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Andrews AFB CDP, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  5. ^ a b c "Joint Base Andrews History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  6. ^ "NAF Washington History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "NAF Washington History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  8. ^ a b "NAF Washington History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  9. ^ Department of Defense 2005, p. H&SA-41.
  10. ^ Department of Defense 2005, pp. H&SA-3 – H&SA-4.
  11. ^ Department of Defnse 2005, p. H&SA-8.
  12. ^ Department of Defense 2005, p. Air Force-23.
  13. ^ "Factsheets : Joint Base Andrews History". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  14. ^ Mission, movement, manning – installation members stand at ready for 11 WG merger United States Air Force
  15. ^ Slideshow: 11th Wing becomes the host wing at JBA United States Air Force
  16. ^ "JBA changes command and reactivates 316th Wing". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  17. ^ "316th Wing". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  18. ^ "Components". District of Columbia National Guard. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Fact Sheets". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Units". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  21. ^ "The Army Aviation Brigade". The United States Army Aviation Brigade. US Army. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  22. ^ NAF Washington Public Affairs (2 February 2017). "NAF Washington History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Andrews AFB CDP, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  24. ^ andrews air force base – Google Maps. Maps.google.co.uk (1 January 1970). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  25. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
  26. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  27. ^ "Welcome to Joint Base Andrews Housing." Joint Base Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  28. ^ Home. Liberty Park at Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "2097 San Antonio Blvd, Joint Base Andrews , MD 20762"
  29. ^ "ANDREWS AFB." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on September 11, 2018. "1668 D ST JB ANDREWS, MD 20762-9998"
  30. ^ a b "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Andrews AFB CDP, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. Pages: 1 and 2.
  31. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  32. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  33. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  34. ^ a b "About Our School." Francis T. Evans Elementary School. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "6720 Old Alexandria Ferry Road, Clinton MD, 20735"
  35. ^ "Charter School." Liberty Park at Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  36. ^ Home. Imagine Andrews Public Charter School. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "4710 San Antonio Boulevard Andrews Air Force Base, MD 20762"
  37. ^ Cardoza, Kavitha (10 April 2015). "D.C. joins push to open more charter schools for military children". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  38. ^ Gleiter, Dan (19 May 2019). "Video: U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds perform at Joint Base Andrews 2019 air show". pennlive.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  39. ^ Randy Jennings (20 May 2019). "Blue Angels and Thunderbirds highlight Joint Base Andrews Air Show 2019". The Aviationist. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  40. ^ Gleiter, Dan (14 May 2019). "Video: B-52 Stratofortress bomber walk around at Joint Base Andrews 2019 air show". pennlive.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.

References[edit]

Attribution:

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Air Force website https://www.jba.af.mil.

External links[edit]