Joint Base Andrews

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Joint Base Andrews
Camp Springs, Maryland in the United States of America
Boeing VC-25A, widely known as Air Force One when the President is on board, of the 89th Airlift Wing based at JB Andrews.
Boeing VC-25A, widely known as Air Force One when the President is on board, of the 89th Airlift Wing based at JB Andrews.
Joint Base Andrews Official Logo blue.png
Motto America's Airfield
JB Andrews is located in the United States
JB Andrews
JB Andrews
Location in the United States
Coordinates38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)Coordinates: 38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)
TypeUS military Joint Base
Site information
OwnerDepartment of Defense
OperatorUS Air Force
Controlled byAir Force District of Washington (AFDW)
ConditionOperational
Websitewww.jba.af.mil
Site history
Built1942 (1942) (as Camp Springs Air Base)
In use2009 (2009) – present (as Joint Base)
Garrison information
Current
commander
Colonel Andrew M. Purath
Garrison11th Wing (Host)
Airfield information
IdentifiersIATA: ADW, ICAO: KADW, FAA LID: ADW, WMO: 745940
Elevation85.3 metres (280 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
01R/19L 2,973.6 metres (9,756 ft) Asphalt/Concrete
01L/19R 2,840.1 metres (9,318 ft) Concrete
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

Joint Base Andrews-Naval Air Facility Washington (often shortened to Joint Base Andrews and abbreviated to JBA) is a United States military facility located in Prince George's County, Maryland. The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force 11th Wing, Air Force District of Washington (AFDW).[2] The base was established in In 2009, when Andrews Air Force Base and Naval Air Facility Washington were merged.

The base is named for Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), former Commanding General of United States Armed Forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. The base is widely known for serving as the home base of two Boeing VC-25 aircraft which have the call sign Air Force One while the President of the United States is on board.[3]

The host at Andrews is the 11th Wing (11 WG), assigned to the Air Force District of Washington. The 11 WG is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The 11th WG commander is Colonel Bradley T. Hoagland.[4] The Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Vance C. Kondon.[5]

For statistical purposes the base is delineated as a census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident population was 2,973.[6]

History[edit]

Aerial photo 16 May 2010

On 1 October 2010, following the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure process, the Air Force completed the merger of the 11th Wing and the 316th at Joint Base Andrews. The 11th Wing became the host base organization for Joint Base Andrews.[7][8][9]

Major commands to which assigned[edit]

Major units assigned[edit]

Role and operations[edit]

11th Wing[edit]

The 11th Wing (11 WG) (AFDW) is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The wing also provides installation security, services and airfield management to support the President, Vice President, other senior US leaders, and more than 50 tenant organizations and federal agencies.

89th Airlift Wing[edit]

The 89th Airlift Wing part of Air Mobility Command, is responsible for worldwide special air mission airlift, logistics and communications support for the President, Vice President and other senior US leaders. Air Force One is assigned to the 89th AW.

Air Force District of Washington[edit]

The Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) is composed of two wings, one group and two Ceremonial Elements. The 11th Wing and the 79th Medical Wing at Joint Base Andrews. Also under AFDW is the Air Force Operations Group (AFOG) at the Pentagon and the 844th Communications Group. The Air Force Operations Group is the principal operational entity of the Air Staff in support of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. The 79th Medical Wing and 844th Communications Group both have specialized missions where they will be the single Air Force voice in the National Capital Region (NCR) for their respective fields of expertise. The 11th Wing will fulfill duties as the host base organization of Andrews while also supporting AFDW requirements. Through the U.S. Air Force Band and the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard, the 11th Wing also provides ceremonial and musical support throughout the National Capital Region and worldwide.

Based units[edit]

Flying and notable non-flying units based at Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington.[10][11][12]

United States Air Force[edit]

Geography[edit]

F-16D of the 113th Wing

Joint Base Andrews is located at 38°48′13″N 76°52′17″W / 38.80361°N 76.87139°W / 38.80361; -76.87139 (38.803490, −76.871508),[13] a few miles southeast of Washington, D.C. near the town of Morningside. It is delineated as a census-designated place by the United States Census Bureau. The CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (18.0 km2), of which 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.51%, is water.[14]

There are two runways on the base; the western runway is 11,300 feet (3,400 m) in length, and the eastern runway is 9,750 feet (2,970 m) in length. The minor third runway between them at the top of the picture (above the cross-base roadway) is now closed, and the small T-shaped runway at the bottom right of the opening picture was closed and demolished by 2008.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19706,418
198010,06456.8%
199010,2281.6%
20007,925−22.5%
20102,973−62.5%
source:[6][16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 7,925 people, 1,932 households, and 1,864 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,158.9 people per square mile (447.3/km²). There were 2,133 housing units at an average density of 311.9 sq mi (120.4/km²). The racial makeup of the base was 65.3% White, 22.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.7% of the population.

There were 1,932 households out of which 75.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.5% were non-families. Of all households 3.2% were made up of individuals, none of whom was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the CDP, the population is spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 16.3% from 18 to 24, 44.9% from 25 to 44, 3.6% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.0 males.

The median income for a household in the base was $44,310, and the median income for a family was $42,866. Males had a median income of $27,070 versus $27,308 for females. The per capita income for the base was $16,520. About 2.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

Housing[edit]

The family housing, privatized, is operated and owned by Liberty Park at Andrews.[18][19]

Facilities for residents[edit]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Andrews AFB Post Office.[20]

Joint Base Andrews CDP is served by the Prince George's County Public Schools (PGCPS).[21] Residents of the CDP are zoned to Francis T. Evans Elementary School,[22] Stephen Decatur Middle School,[23] and Dr. Henry A Wise Jr. High School.[24]

Evans Elementary, within the CDP, has a Clinton postal address and opened in 1968.[21][25] Its namesake is Captain Francis T. Evans, who died when his plane crashed in Prince George's County; according to the school's website, observed believed that he did not bail out since he did not want his aircraft to hit Forestville Elementary School.[25]

There is also a charter school, Imagine Andrews Public Charter School (IAPCS), which opened in 2010.[26] Imagine Schools operates Imagine Andrews,[27] which is a joint venture between it, PGCPS, and Joint Base Andrews. The school reserves 65% of its enrollment spaces for children of military families.[28]

Expo[edit]

Aerial view of the Andrews flight line in May 2004.

The Joint Base Andrews Air & Space Expo is a free annual airshow featuring the United States Air Force Thunderbirds[29] and the Navy's Blue Angels.[30] A variety of presentations from military services and other organizations included the KC-135, the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress,[31] and the UH-1N Iroquois.

Official insignia[edit]

The installation commander of Joint Base Andrews approved a logo re-design in the spring of 2014, which aimed to improve the branding and the overall appearance of the installation across all platforms. The project took several months and went through numerous design changes before approval, but was finalized in the late summer. The new JBA logo project was led and chiefly designed by Senior Airman Dan Burkhardt with important contributions by Mr. Dean Markos, who were both serving the Air Force in the 11th Wing Public Affairs office. The logo was approved and disseminated across all digital platforms and marketed locally in the fall of 2014.

The new logo was re-designed with a flatter, more modern design aesthetic that could comfortably occupy a number of different mediums, from mobile apps, to installation trucks and signs. Contained in it are a number of design elements that refer directly to the joint mission of the installation, which is home to several Air Force Major Commands, Naval Commands, a Marine detachment and a number of other military and government related units.

Design elements[edit]

  • U.S. Capitol Building: The Capitol Building refers to the location of the installation (just outside Washington D.C.) and critical role it plays in supporting the operations and leadership of the U.S. Government.
  • Dual Planes with Contrails: The two planes taking off with contrails flowing downward signify the aerial missions that Joint Base Andrews either hosts or supports directly every day, including the operations and maintenance of Air Force One.
  • America's Airfield: This phrase (one of several unofficial tag-lines of the installation) refers to the mission-critical role that Joint Base Andrews plays in national defense, government and diplomacy.
  • Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington: Unlike the previous logo design, the new design incorporates the official name of the installation in the post-BRAC era.

[edit]

Alternate JBA logo version with transparency enabled
Alternate version in a flat white color with transparency enabled (Click to view)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Airport Diagram – Joint Base Andrews (KADW)" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  2. ^ Officials unveil Joint Base Andrews
  3. ^ Factsheets : Presidential Airlift Group (AMC) United States Air Force Archived 30 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Biographies : COLONEL BRADLEY T. HOAGLAND". Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Biographies : CHIEF MASTER SERGEANT VANCE C. KONDON". Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Andrews AFB CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  7. ^ "Factsheets : Joint Base Andrews History". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  8. ^ Mission, movement, manning – installation members stand at ready for 11 WG merger United States Air Force
  9. ^ Slideshow: 11th Wing becomes the host wing at JBA United States Air Force
  10. ^ "Units". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  11. ^ "The Army Aviation Brigade". The United States Army Aviation Brigade. US Army. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  12. ^ NAF Washington Public Affairs (2 February 2017). "NAF Washington History". Joint Base Andrews. US Air Force. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Andrews AFB CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  15. ^ andrews air force base – Google Maps. Maps.google.co.uk (1 January 1970). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  16. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  18. ^ "Welcome to Joint Base Andrews Housing." Joint Base Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  19. ^ Home. Liberty Park at Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "2097 San Antonio Blvd, Joint Base Andrews , MD 20762"
  20. ^ "ANDREWS AFB." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on September 11, 2018. "1668 D ST JB ANDREWS, MD 20762-9998"
  21. ^ a b "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Andrews AFB CDP, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. Pages: 1 and 2.
  22. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  23. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  24. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  25. ^ a b "About Our School." Francis T. Evans Elementary School. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "6720 Old Alexandria Ferry Road, Clinton MD, 20735"
  26. ^ "Charter School." Liberty Park at Andrews. Retrieved on September 2, 2018.
  27. ^ Home. Imagine Andrews Public Charter School. Retrieved on September 2, 2018. "4710 San Antonio Boulevard Andrews Air Force Base, MD 20762"
  28. ^ Cardoza, Kavitha (10 April 2015). "D.C. joins push to open more charter schools for military children". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  29. ^ Gleiter, Dan (19 May 2019). "Video: U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds perform at Joint Base Andrews 2019 air show". pennlive.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  30. ^ Randy Jennings (20 May 2019). "Blue Angels and Thunderbirds highlight Joint Base Andrews Air Show 2019". The Aviationist. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  31. ^ Gleiter, Dan (14 May 2019). "Video: B-52 Stratofortress bomber walk around at Joint Base Andrews 2019 air show". pennlive.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.

References[edit]

Attribution:

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Joint Base Andrews".

External links[edit]