Joint Base Balad

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Joint Base Balad
Balad air base tower.jpg
Airmen control aircraft flying into and out of Balad Air Base, Iraq, as a C-17 Globemaster passes by
Airport type Military
Operator Iraqi Air Force
Location Balad, Iraq
Elevation AMSL 161 ft / 49 m
Coordinates 33°56′00″N 044°22′00″E / 33.93333°N 44.36667°E / 33.93333; 44.36667Coordinates: 33°56′00″N 044°22′00″E / 33.93333°N 44.36667°E / 33.93333; 44.36667
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 11,490 3,503 Concrete
12/30 11,495 3,504 Concrete

Joint Base Balad,[1] formerly Balad Air Base and Logistics Support Area Anaconda, or simply LSA Anaconda - formerly known as Al-Bakr Air Base (Arabic: قاعدة البكر الجوية‎)[citation needed] and known in popular media as Camp Anaconda - was one of the largest United States military bases in Iraq during the Iraq War. It was formerly the largest Iraqi Air Force base during the Saddam Hussein era.

Located near Balad, Iraq in the Sunni Triangle 40 miles (64 km) north of Baghdad.

As American forces left Iraq, Joint Base Balad was returned to the Iraqi Air Force in December 2011.[2]


Iraqi use[edit]

Joint Base Balad was formerly known as al-Bakr AB, named in honor of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, the president of Iraq from 1968-79. It was considered by many in the Iraqi military to be the most important airfield of the Iraqi Air Force. During most of the 1980s, it operated with at least a brigade level force, with two squadrons of MiG-23 fighters. al-Bakr AB was especially well known for the large number of hardened aircraft shelters (HAS) built by the Yugoslavs during the Iran-Iraq War in the mid-1980s. It had four hardened areas—one each on either end of the main runways—with approximately 30 individual aircraft shelters.

Coalition use[edit]

The Sustainer Theater at Joint Base Balad where US movies played.
Living quarters for NCOs, SNCOs and officers in the H-6 housing compound on JBB, referred to as "pods", circa Jan 2009

The Army's 310th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary) and the Air Force's 332d Air Expeditionary Wing were headquartered at JBB. It was decided that the facility share one name, even though for many reasons and for its many occupants, it had differing names. Until mid-2008 the US Army had been in charge of the base but, when the base went "Joint" the US Air Force took overall control. Balad was the central logistical hub for forces in Iraq. Camp Anaconda has also been more colloquially-termed "Life Support Area Anaconda"[3] or the "Big Snake".

It housed 28,000 military personnel and 8,000 civilian contractors.[citation needed] Like most large bases in Iraq, LSA Anaconda offered amenities, circa 2006 and later, including a base movie theater (Sustainer Theater), two Base/Post Exchanges (BX/PX), fast food courts including Popeyes, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell (2007), Burger King, Green Bean Coffee, a Turkish Cafe with Turkish food prepared by Turks, an Iraqi Bazaar which sold local souvenirs, multiple gyms, dance lessons, an olympic size swimming pool and an indoor swimming pool. The base was a common destination for celebrities and politicians visiting US troops serving in Iraq on USO Tours, including Carrie Underwood in December 2006 and Gary Sinise who went out of his way to greet the troops at the Base/Post Exchange (BX/PX).


Starting in 2003, several mortar rounds and rockets were fired per day,[4] usually hitting the empty space between the runways, although there were isolated injuries and fatalities. By mid-2006, this rate had dropped by about 40%.[5] Due to these attacks, the soldiers and airmen refer to the base as "Mortaritaville", though this name is shared with other bases in Iraq.

Joint Base Balad had a burn pit operation as late as the summer of 2008 burning 147 tons of waste per day when the Army Times published a major story about it and about health concerns. Respiratory difficulties and headaches were reported.[6]


Joint base Balad was also home to the Air Force Theater Hospital, a Level I trauma center which boasts a 98% survival rate for wounded Americans and Iraqis alike.[7]

Back to Iraqi control[edit]

As American forces left Iraq, Joint Base Balad was returned to the Iraqi Air Force in December 2011.[8]

Current use[edit]

The base came under attack by ISIS militants in late June 2014, with the insurgents launching mortar attacks and reportedly surrounding the base of three sides.[9]

The base is home to Iraqi Air Force's General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon's.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Renamed U.S. military base in Iraq reflects joint status
  2. ^ "Iraqi generals visit to better understand base transition", 4 Feb 2011.
  3. ^ Carter, Phillip (October 18, 2006). "The Thin Green Line". Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  4. ^ "Letters to the editor for Wednesday, October". Stars and Stripes. October 27, 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  5. ^ Powell, Anita (July 22, 2006). "Attacks on the decrease at LSA Anaconda, aka 'Mortaritaville'". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  6. ^ "Burn pit at Balad raises health concerns: Troops say chemicals and medical waste burned at base are making them sick, but officials deny risk" article by Kelly Kennedy in Army Times Oct 29, 2008, accessed August 7, 2010
  7. ^ Mason, Michael (March 2007). "Dead Men Walking". Discover. 
  8. ^ "Iraqi generals visit to better understand base transition", 4 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ Lake, Eli; Josh Rogin (25 June 2014). "ISIS Tries to Grab Its Own Air Force". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  10. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. August 2014. p. 23. 

External links[edit]