Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula

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1992 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
Hangul
1992 남북 비핵화 공동선언
Hanja
1992 南北共同宣言
Revised Romanization2007 Nambuk Gongdong Seoneon
McCune–Reischauer2007 Nambuk Kongdong Sŏnŏn
North Korean name
Hangul
1992 북남 비핵화 공동선언
Hanja
1992 北南共同宣言
Revised Romanization1992 Bungnam Gongdong Seoneon
McCune–Reischauer1992 Pungnam Kongdong Sŏnŏn


The Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula was an agreed action item between South Korea and North Korea signed on January 20, 1992. The declaration was issued February 19.

The declaration read in part as follows:

Desiring to eliminate the danger of nuclear war through denuclearization of the Korean peninsula ...

  1. The South and the North shall not test, manufacture, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons.
  2. The South and the North shall use nuclear energy solely for peaceful purposes.
  3. The South and the North shall not possess nuclear reprocessing and uranium enrichment facilities.
  4. The South and the North, in order to verify the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, shall conduct inspection of the objects selected by the other side and agreed upon between the two sides, in accordance with procedures and methods to be determined by the South-North Joint Nuclear Control Commission.
  5. The South and the North, in order to implement this joint declaration, shall establish and operate a South-North joint Nuclear Control Commission within one (1) month of the effectuation of this joint declaration.
  6. This Joint Declaration shall enter into force as of the day the two sides exchange appropriate instruments following the completion of their respective procedures for bringing it into effect.

Signed on January 20, 1992

Chung Won-shik Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea; Chief delegate of the South delegation to the South-North High-Level Talks

Yon Hyong-muk Premier of the Administration Council of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; Head of the North delegation to the South-North High-Level Talks[1][2]

At the same time, the Agreement on Reconciliation, Non-aggression and Exchanges and Cooperation between the South and the North (also known as the "South-North Basic Agreement") was made, covering the areas of:[3]

  1. South-North Reconciliation
  2. South-North Non-Aggression
  3. South-North Exchanges And Cooperation

The joint Nuclear Control Commission specified by the agreement was created, and held 13 meetings in 1992 and 1993, but it did not come to any agreements. The last meeting was held in April 1993. So consequent to clause 6, the declaration never entered into force.[4][5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula". U.S. State Department. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
  3. ^ Letter dated 20 March 1992 from the Permanent Representatives of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea addressed to the Secretary-General of the Conference on Disarmament transmitting the text of the agreement of Reconciliation, Non-aggression and Exchanges and Cooperation between the South and the North, as well as the Text of the Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula (PDF). Conference of Disarmament (Report). United Nations. 25 March 1992. CD/1147. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  4. ^ Kim, B-K (2002). Step-By-Step Nuclear Confidence Building on the Korean Peninsula : Where Do We Start? (PDF) (Report). Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  5. ^ Carlin, Robert (13 July 2016). "North Korea Said It's Willing to Talk Denuclearization (But No One Noticed)". The Diplomat. Retrieved 21 April 2018. That the 1992 N-S joint declaration didn’t work is beside the point; in fact, it never even got through the stage of setting up implementation arrangements, the fault of both sides.
  6. ^ "South-North Korea Nuclear Inspection Agreement". Cambridge University Press. 13 February 2009. doi:10.1017/S1052703600008054. Retrieved 21 April 2018.