Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure

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The Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is a large United States Department of Defense cloud computing contract that was reported to be worth 10 billion dollars.[1][2]

Companies interested in the contract included Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Oracle and Rean Cloud, LLC.[3] After protests from Google employees, Google decided to drop out of contention for the contract because of conflict with its corporate values.[4]

The deal was considered "gift-wrapped for Amazon" until Oracle (co-chaired by Safra Catz) contested the awarding of the contract to Amazon Web Services (led by Jeff Bezos), citing the National Defense Authorization Act over IDIQ contracts and the conflicts of interest from Deap Ubhi, who worked for Amazon both before and after his time in the Department of Defense. This led Eric G. Bruggink, senior judge of the United States Court of Federal Claims, to place the contract award on hold.[5][6]

In August 2019, weeks before the winner was expected to be announced, President Donald Trump ordered the contract placed on hold again for Defense Secretary Mark Esper to investigate complaints of favoritism towards Amazon.[7]


  1. ^ Ron Miller (15 September 2018) "Why the Pentagon's $10 Billion JEDI deal has cloud companies going nuts".
  2. ^ BARRY ROSENBERG (July 25, 2019) Change Or Scrap JEDI, Says IT Council: IT Acquisition Advisory Council (ITAAC)
  3. ^ Ron Miller (06 April 2018) "The high-stakes battle for the Pentagon's winner-take-all cloud contract".
  4. ^ Rosalie Chan (09 October 2018) "Google drops out of contention for a $10 billion defense contract because it could conflict with its corporate values".
  5. ^ Taibbi, Matt (25 February 2019). "This Battle of Billionaires Was Inevitable". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 25 February 2019. This started as a lawsuit filed by would-be bid competitor Oracle, whose co-CEO, Safra Catz, is reportedly one of Trump's biggest supporters in Silicon Valley. The suit suggested Pentagon procurement officer Deap Ubhi's involvement in the JEDI negotiations constituted a conflict. Ubhi used to work for Amazon and in 2017 tweeted, "Once an Amazonian, always an Amazonian."
  6. ^ Aaron Gregg (18 December 2018). "'Once an Amazonian, always an Amazonian': Former Pentagon official's business ties draw scrutiny". The Washington Post. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ Selyukh, Alina (August 1, 2019). "Pentagon Pauses $10 Billion Contract That Embroiled Amazon In Controversy". Retrieved August 1, 2019.