Joint Prioritized Effects List
The Joint Prioritized Effects List or JPEL is a list of individuals who coalition forces in Afghanistan try to capture or kill. The Task Force 373 is working through the list. According to the Afghan War Diary German troops listed Shirin Agha with the number 3145 and on 11 October 2010 German troops killed Agha. Coalition forces are authorized to kill or capture individuals named on the list.
PBS Frontline reported that the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) was executing targets on the Joint Prioritized Effects List. John Nagl, a former counterinsurgency adviser to General David Petraeus, described JSOC's kill/capture campaign to Frontline as "an almost industrial-scale counterterrorism killing machine."
Individuals on the list are assigned priority levels on a scale of one to four, with one being the most important. Since October 2008 the NATO defense ministers decided that drug networks would now be "legitimate targets" for ISAF troops. The United Nations estimated that the Taliban was earning US$300 million a year through the drug trade, and according to a leaked NSA document "the insurgents could not be defeated without disrupting the drug trade." In the opinion of American military commanders such as Bantz John Craddock, NATO's Supreme Allied Commander for Europe at the time, there was no need to prove that drug money was actually being funneled to the Taliban to declare Afghan couriers, farmers, and dealers as legitimate targets of NATO strikes. In early-2009 Craddock issued an order to expand the JPEL list to include drug producers, but such targets had to be investigated as individual cases after a complaint by the German NATO General Egon Ramms that the order is "illegal" and a violation of international law.
- Gareth Porter, Shah Noori (2011-03-17). "U.N. Reported Only a Fraction of Civilian Deaths from U.S. Raids". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on 2011-03-31.
- Raphael Satter, Kimberly Dozier (2010-07-26). "WikiLeaks: More US documents coming on Afghan war". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2011-03-31. Retrieved 2012-02-11.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "'Capture or Kill': Germany Gave Names to Secret Taliban Hit List". Der Spiegel. 2010-08-02. Archived from the original on 2010-08-15. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
In 2007, the Bundeswehr named two Taliban commanders, who were assigned the file numbers 74 and 77, but Mullah Rustam and Qari Jabar were deleted from the list prior to 2009 due to a lack of evidenceCS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Gretchen Gavett (2011-06-17). "What is the secretive U.S. kill/capture list?". PBS Frontline. Archived from the original on 2012-04-12. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
The kill/capture campaign that JSOC is executing targets enemies on a secret list called JPEL [Joint Prioritized Effects List]. According to Matthew Hoh, a former Foreign Service officer who resigned in 2009 because he felt U.S. tactics were only fueling the insurgency, the list includes bomb makers, commanders, financiers, people who coordinate the weapons transport and even PR peopleCS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Obama's Lists: A Dubious History of Targeted Killings in Afghanistan". Der Spiegel. 2014-12-30. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2014-12-30.