Combined Space Operations Center
|Combined Space Operations Center|
|Founded||18 May 2005 14 years, 8 months|
|Type||Space operations center|
|Role||Command and control|
|Part of||Combined Force Space Component Command|
|Headquarters||Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, U.S.|
|Motto(s)||Right Effect, Right Place, Right Time|
The Combined Space Operations Center (CSpOC) provides command and control of space forces for United States Space Command's Combined Force Space Component Command. In addition to being composed of U.S. military members, the CSpOC also coordinates space operations with U.S. allies and commercial space organizations, as well as performing orbit determination activity necessary to maintain the US space catalog. The CSpOC is located at Vandenberg Air Force Base.
Mission and vision
The mission of the Combined Space Operations Center is to "Execute operational command and control of space forces to achieve theater and global objectives."
Its vision is to be the "Department of Defense's premier space operations center, ensuring effects for the nation, joint forces, and allies."
The Combined Space Operations Center is organized into six different elements:
- The Combat Operations Division (COD) is responsible for executing the space tasking order and performing command and control of space forces.
- The Strategy and Plans Division (SPD) creates the Joint Space Operations Plan (JSOP), the Space Operations Directive (SOD), Master Space Plan (MSP), Operational Assessments (OA), Joint Space Tasking Orders (JSTO), as well as any other special instructions and standards. It not only plans space operations, but also integrates air and cyber plans.
- The Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Division (ISRD) provides space intelligence to the CSpOC elements.
- the 614th Combat Training Squadron (614 CTS) provides advanced training, standardization and evaluation, weapons and tactics, system integration, exercise and experimentation, space weather, and special technical operations support functions for the CSpOC. Each of these functions correlate to a flight within the squadron.
- the 614th Air and Space Communications Squadron (614 ACOMS) provides communication support for the CSpOC.
- the Commercial Integration Cell (CIC) integrates commercial space organizations, such as commercial satellite owners and operators, into the CSpOC, enabling greater communication between military and commercial space.
The Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) was initally established on 18 May 2005 to control all joint military space assets. It was organized under U.S. Strategic Command's Joint Force Space Component Commander. The core cadre of personnel from the Joint Space Operations Center was provided by the Air Force's (now Space Force's) 614th Air Operations Center, but other space personnel from the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps also were tasked to the JSpOC.
On 18 July 2018 it was redesignated as the Combined Space Operations Center, reorganizing to improve coordination between the United States and its allies, as well as between commercial and civil space organizations. The Combined Space Operations Center currently hosts space personnel from the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada.
- "Joint Functional Component Command for Space". Vandenberg Air Force Base. 15 March 2013.
- "Space Control and Space Surveillance". Factsheets. STRATCOM. Archived from the original on 28 June 2016.
JFCC Space, through its Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC), detects, tracks, and identifies all artificial objects in Earth orbit