Joint Task Force
"Combined" is the British-American military term for multi-national formations.
- CTF - Commander Task Force, sometimes Combined Task Force
- CCTF - Commander Combined Task Force
- CJTF - Combined Joint Task Force
There are two ways in which a U.S. or U.S.-allied task force may be assigned a number. The first is the originally naval scheme promulgated and governed by the U.S. Military Communications-Electronic Board, chaired by the Joint Staff J6. Task force numbers allocated under this scheme form the majority of the listings below.
The second is a by-product of the U.S. Army's procedure for forming task-organised forces for combat, differing from strictly doctrinally assigned table of organization and equipment organizations. A battalion, company or brigade commander has very wide latitude in selecting a task force name, though often the name of the commander is used (e.g. Task Force Faith; Task Force Smith was named for the commander of the 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment). This has often resulted in derivations from the originator unit's numerical designation being used. For example, when a special operations aviation unit was being formed in the late 1970s, the original unit drew heavily on personnel from the 158th Aviation. The designation chosen was Task Force 158, which later grew to become the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment. Another example comes from 2004 in Afghanistan. On 15 April 2004 the headquarters of the U.S. Army's 25th Infantry Division arrived in Afghanistan and took command of CJTF-180 from the 10th Mountain Division. Lieutenant General David Barno, commanding then decided to rename CJTF 180 because the “180” designation had traditionally been given to Joint task forces led by the Army's XVIII Airborne Corps. Barno chose Combined Joint Task Force 76 as the new name to evoke America’s history and the democratic spirit of 1776. The CFC-A commander intended this new designation to highlight the change in command at the operational level at a time when Afghanistan appeared to be moving closer to democracy.
No coordination appears to occur between U.S. Army task forces designated in this way, and the USMCEB scheme. This has resulted in simultaneous designations being used at the same time. For example, Combined Joint Task Force 76, was in use in Afghanistan in 2004, but doubling up on the Task Force 76 designation used for decades by Amphibious Force, United States Seventh Fleet, in north Asia.
Numbered USMCEB joint task forces
Allied Communications Publication 113: Call Signs Book for Ships in its Annex B lists allocations of task force numbers from 1 to approximately 1000, allocated by the United States Military Communications-Electronic Board in blocks for use by the United States Department of Defense and allies.
Norman Polmar notes in Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet, 2005, that the task forces under the commanders of the Atlantic and Pacific Fleet are mainly for contingency purposes. They are employed for specific operations and exercises.
Combined Task Force (CTF) 13 conducts a simulated long range raid on Camp Hanson, Okinawa Japan, March 21, 2016. CTF-13 conducted the raid, which commenced in South Korea, to demonstrate air assault, multi-continent long-range raid capabilities and the ability to deliver security and stability. CTF 13 included 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines.
|Joint task force||Abbrev.||State||Notes|
|Joint Task Force 1||001 JTF-1||US||Operation Crossroads|
|Joint Task Force 2||002 JTF-2||US/CAN||In September 1964, Major General George Brown was selected to organize and command JTF-2, a Joint Chiefs of Staff organization formed at Sandia Base, New Mexico, to the test the services' weapon systems. It was staffed by personnel of all three services. Low Altitude Program nuclear test organisation, 1965-70. In 1990s seemingly transferred to Canada, possibly completely out of USMCEB formal system for use by Canadian special forces. The Canadian SOF unit that took this designation was formed on 1 April 1993.|
|Joint Task Force 3||003 JTF-3||US||Formed late 1949 in preparation for Operation Greenhouse nuclear test series.|
|Joint Task Force 4||004 JTF-4||US||From 1960 to 1 December 1963, planning headquarters for Sub-Saharan Africa, responsible to Atlantic Command. Lt Gen Louis W. Truman reassigned as chief of staff for Caribbean operations during Cuban Missile Crisis. Superseded by creation of CINCMEAFSA (Commander-in-Chief U.S. Strike Command). Drug interdiction task force in Caribbean Sea from December 1989. Became Joint Interagency Task Force East on 1 October 1994. Later amalgamated into Joint Interagency Task Force South in 1994. Later became post-conflict reconstruction task force, eventually to become the ill-fated Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance.|
|Joint Task Force 5||005 JTF-5||US||Drug interdiction task force at Coast Guard Island, Alameda, California, from December 1989. Later became Joint Interagency Task Force West.|
|Joint Task Force 6||006 JTF-6||US||Drug interdiction task force at El Paso, Texas, from December 1989. Became Joint Task Force North in 2004. Now seemingly Task Force 6, the naval component commander, U.S. Africa Command, an additional duty post for Commander, Sixth Fleet.|
|Joint Task Force 7||007 JTF-7||US||Operation Sandstone, a series of nuclear weapon tests in 1948.|
|Combined Joint Task Force 7||007 CJTF-7||US||CJTF 7 was the interim military formation that directed the U.S. military effort in Iraq between June 2003 and May 2004. Previously used for Operation Castle atomic tests in the 1940s-1950s|
|Joint Task Force 8||008 JTF-8||US||Operation Dominic nuclear test organisation, April–November 1962.|
|Joint Task Force 11||011 JTF-11||US||During World War II, Task Force 11 was a United States Navy aircraft carrier task force in the Pacific theater.
JTF at Soto Cano Air Base, 1983. By 1984 redesignated Joint Task Force Bravo
|Task Force 12||012 TF-12||US||Theater Anti-Submarine Warfare Force, Pacific / Patrol and Reconnaissance Force, Pacific (PATRECONFORPAC).|
|Task Force 16||016 TF-16||US||Maritime Defense Zone, U.S. Pacific Fleet, commanded by a Coast Guard officer (2005). Previously celebrated carrier task force during World War II.|
|Task Force 17||017 TF-17||US||Naval Air Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet (2005). Previously celebrated carrier task force during World War II.|
|Task Force 18||018 TF-18||US||Sealift forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet (2005). USS Hornet (CV-8)'s task force for 1942 Doolittle Raid.|
|Task Force 20||020 TF-20||US||Task Group 20.5, a carrier battle group built around USS Independence (CV-62), was part of Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada, 1982. Deputy Commander, Fleet and Joint Operations, U.S. Fleet Forces Command, with responsibility for subordinate seagoing formations, until 1 October 2012.|
|Task Force 21||021 TF-21||US||Transformation of the United States Army|
|Task Forces 30-39||030 TF-30||US||All allocated to United States Third Fleet|
|Task Force 31||031 TF-31||US|
|Task Force 37||037 TF-37||US|
|Task Force 38||038 TF-38||US||Fast Carrier Task Force, World War II (Also Task Force 38.3)|
|Task Force 44||044 TF-44||US|
|Task Forces 50-57||050 TF-50||US||All allocated to United States Fifth Fleet|
|Task Force 57||057 TF-57||US|
|Task Force 58||058 TF-58||US||Recently Maritime Surveillance Force in the North Persian Gulf. Fast Carrier Task Force, World War II.|
|Task Force 60||060 TF-60||US||United States Sixth Fleet; Battle Force from c.1950s-c.2010|
|Task Force 61||061 TF-61||US||United States Sixth Fleet|
|Task Force 67||067 TF-67||US|
|Task Force 73||073 TF-73||US||Commander, Logistics Group, Western Pacific, Seventh Fleet, Singapore.|
|Task Force 74||074 TF-74||US||Submarine Force, U.S. Seventh Fleet. Previously Enterprise task force during Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.|
|Task Force 76||076 TF-76||US||Amphibious Force, United States Seventh Fleet. CJTF 76 was a designation given to a division-sized U.S. Army task force in Afghanistan, seemingly outside the formal USMCEB system.|
|Task Force 77||077 TF-77||US||Carrier Striking Force, U.S. Seventh Fleet. As of 2016[update] built around Carrier Strike Group Five.
ALSO: Former Task Force 145
|Task Force 80||080 TF-80||US||TF-80 is currently the Maritime Headquarters component for the U.S. Fleet Forces Command.|
|Task Force 84||084 TF-84||US||Seemingly Anti-Submarine Warfare Force, Atlantic (ASWFORLANT).|
|Task Force 88||088 TF-88||US||Used during World War II for Task Force 88 (Operation Dragoon); after World War II for Task Force 88 (Operation Argus). Also used by a USSOCOM task force, seemingly not within the USMCEB numbering scheme.|
|Task Force 90||090 TF-90||US||Amphibious Force, Naval Forces Far East, during the Korean War, and later involved in Operation Passage to Freedom.|
|Task Force 91||091 TF-91||US||U.S. Naval Forces Alaska, commanded by Commander 17th Coast Guard District, United States Coast Guard.|
|Task Force 93||093 TF-93||US||Commander Alaskan Sea Frontier, late 1960s. Rear Admiral Donald M. White during SS Robert Louis Stevenson sinking incident, late 1960s.|
|Task Force 100||100, TFTF 100||US||Involved in USS Liberty incident, 1967. CINCUSNAVEUR established TF 100 under the command of Rear Admiral Renken, Commander, Service Forces, Atlantic, at 0000Z, 12 June 1967. With forces from Sixth Fleet, Commander Fleet Air Mediterranean, Service Forces, Sixth Fleet, Naval Securities Group Europe, plus the Liberty herself, TF 100 was to '..supervise the drydocking of USS Liberty at Malta on or about 13 June 1967 in order to prevent disclosure of classified information and equipment to unauthorised personnel.' TF 100's functions were expected to be completed in about two days. Previously at times held by Deputy Commander-in-Chief United States Naval Forces Europe (DCINCUSNAVEUR). The task force (or Task Group 100.1) was also involved in a mid-May 1975 visit to Leningrad. Leahy and Tattnall, part of Cruiser-Destroyer Group 12, were commanded by Rear Admiral Justin D. Langille III. On 1 April 2010, it was announced that Rear Adm. (lower half) Charles K. Carodine was to be assigned new duties. Carodine was at the time serving as chief of staff, JTF-100 Maritime Operations Center, United States Fleet Forces Command, Norfolk, Va. Also by 2010 TF 100 had become the Service Crypographic Component Operations task force of United States Tenth Fleet.|
|Combined Joint Task Force - 101||101, CJTFCJTF 101||US||(Refer Combined Joint Task Force 82)|
|Task Forces 102-109||102, TFTF 102||US||All now seemingly allocated to United States Tenth Fleet.|
|Task Force 104||104, TFTF 104||US||United States Naval Forces Germany, 1944–45, and possibly afterwards|
|Task Force 111||111, TFTF 111||UK/US||Seemingly Admiral Bruce Fraser, Commander-in-Chief, British Pacific Fleet, aboard HMS Duke of York, soon after the end of World War II.|
|Task Force 115||115, TFTF 115||US||Coastal Surveillance Force, Naval Forces Vietnam|
|Task Force 116||116, TFTF 116||US||River Patrol Force, Naval Forces Vietnam|
|Task Force 117||117, TFTF 117||US||Mobile Riverine Force, Naval Forces Vietnam|
|Joint Task Force 120||120, JTFJTF 120||US||In times of crisis and during certain exercises, Commander Second Fleet became Commander, JTF 120. This joint task force drew from the Atlantic Fleet, U.S. Army airborne and air assault units, U.S. Air Force aircraft and support personnel, U.S. Marine Corps amphibious forces, and at times, the United States Coast Guard. Ran Operation Urgent Fury, the invasion of Grenada in October 1983. Later ran Operation Uphold Democracy regarding Haiti in 1994-95.|
|Task Force 121||121, TFTF 121||US||Possibly part of United States Twelfth Fleet during World War II. Task Force of Army Rangers during Operation Urgent Fury, Grenada, 1982. After 2001, one of the designations for the Joint Special Operations Command high value targets task force. This was made up of operators from the U.S. Army's Delta Force, 75th Ranger Regiment, and 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, Naval Special Warfare Development Group, the CIA's Special Activities Division, U.S. Air Force Combat Controllers, Pararescuemen, Tactical Air Control Party operators, and Special Operations Weather Technicians, the Aviation Tactics Evaluation Group (AvTEG), and the Joint Communications Unit. Two troops from the U.S. Army 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment provided armor support for the Task Force. On occasions, Canadian, British, Australian and Polish special force personnel assisted and augmented TF121. It served in Iraq and Afghanistan.|
|Task Force 122||122, TFTF 122||US||United States Twelfth Fleet, World War II. Commanded by Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk, who commanded D-Day's Western Naval Task Force (Utah and Omaha Beaches).|
|Task Force 123||123, TFTF 123||US||82nd Airborne Division, Operation Urgent Fury, Grenada 1982.|
|Task Force 124||124, TFTF 124||US||Omaha Beach landing force, World War II. In Grenada 1982, was the amphibious force, headquartered aboard USS Guam. Now Strategic Communications Wing One, Tinker AFB, Oklahoma (E-6A Mercury aircraft)|
|Task Force 125||125, TFTF 125||US||Designation for Commander, Western Hemisphere Group, when acting as a naval component commander for U.S. Southern Command. Obsolete.|
|Task Force 130||130, TFTF 130||US||Manned Spacecraft Recovery Force, Pacific, for Project Apollo. Flagship USS Arlington (AGMR-2).|
|Task Force 134||134, TFTF 134||US||Commander, Task Force 134, COMSUBPAC, is an operational commander responsible to USSTRATCOM for strategic deterrent submarine operations.|
|Task Force 136||136, TFTF 136||US||Under the commander of Commander, Second Fleet, was quarantine force during Cuban Missile Crisis. Led for a time by Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla 2 aboard USS Canberra.|
|Task Force 140||140, TFTF 140||US||Project Mercury Recovery Force (early 1960s), later Manned Spacecraft Recovery Force, Atlantic (for Apollo 9). In 1980s, as JTF 140, designation for Second Fleet for Caribbean contingency operations. Ocean Venture '90 was a JCS directed field exercise sponsored by the U.S. Atlantic Command and executed by JTF 140, a standing JTF assigned to LANTCOM which had existed since 1979. Utilised for Haiti operations during 1994.|
|Task Force 144||144, TFTF 144||US||CTF 144, Commander Submarine Forces/COMSUBLANT. Operational commander for Atlantic ballistic missile submarines, responsible to Commander, U.S. Strategic Command|
|Task Force 145||145, TFTF 145||US|
|Task Force 151||151, TFTF 151||US||Combined Maritime Forces|
|Joint Task Force 160||160, JTFJTF 160||US||Directed Operation Sea Signal. This humanitarian operation receiving Haitian refugees at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba, took place from August 1994 to February 1996.
Task Force 160 was a non-USMCEB, U.S. Army allocation.
|Combined Joint Task Force-180||180, JTFJTF 180||US||Appears to be the permanently assigned designator for HQ XVIII Airborne Corps when operating as a combined joint task force or joint task force, for example in Afghanistan after 2002.|
|Task Force 214||214, TFTF 214||US||Twentieth Air Force, while acting as the ICBM task force for U.S. Strategic Command|
|Task Force 294||294, TFTF 294||US||U.S. Air Force air refueling forces while acting as a task force for U.S. Strategic Command|
|Task Force 301||301, TFTF 301||CAN||Royal Canadian Navy, Atlantic Coast|
|Task Force 311||311, TFTF 311||UK||Commander, Task Force 311 (CTF-311), located in Northwood, Middlesex, is the Royal Navy's sole submarine operating authority (SUBOPAUTH). CTF-311 maintains operational control of all Britain's attack submarines, wherever they may be.|
|Task Group 316.1||316, TFTF 316||UK||Used for Endeavour 90 deployment, under Capt Franklyn, HMS Bristol (DTS)|
|Task Force 317||317, TFTF 317||UK||Falklands Task Force; see British naval forces in the Falklands War|
|Task Force 318||318, TFTF 318||UK||In November 1967, TF 318, under Flag Officer Second in Command Far East Fleet, Rear Admiral Edward Ashmore, managed the British withdrawal from Aden after 128 years of colonial rule. Reestablished with effect from 1 November 1971 to cover withdrawal of British forces from Persian Gulf (Roberts, 95)|
|Task Force 321||321, TFTF 321||UK||Seemingly Royal Navy in the Mediterranean and Middle East. Used Cyprus 1974 during Falklands War when RNZN frigates deployed, and after Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (deployed force TG 321.1 in both later cases). In 1990 CINCFLEET acted as CTF 321.|
|Task Group 323.2||323, TFTF 323||UK||RN Mediterranean group during Operation Desert Storm|
|Task Force 324||324, TFTF 324||UK||Royal Navy Red Sea force during Suez Crisis of 1956. Consisted only of HMS Newfoundland.|
|Task Force 330||330, TFTF 330||UK||UK naval forces during Operation Telic|
|Task Force 333||333, TFTF 333||UK||Involved in Operation Grapple nuclear tests at Christmas Island, August 1958. TG 333.1 seemingly utilised by Captain 11th Frigate Squadron (Captain F11), Royal New Zealand Navy, in November 1972, during LONGEX 71 between Auckland and Wellington. TGs of TF 333 later used in NATO area (Roberts)|
|Task Force 345||345, TFTF 345||UK||UK Mediterranean naval task force during Suez Crisis of 1956. Now is reported as '..CTF 345 is the organisation that provides command and control of the UK deterrent' at Northwood Headquarters. Rear Admiral Ian Corder commanded the task force as of September 2012.|
|Task Force 373||373, TFTF 373||US||JSOC or SOCCENT special operations forces task force in Afghanistan|
|Task Force 402||402, TFTF 402||US|
|Joint Task Force 435||435, JTFJTF 435||US||(Combined Joint Interagency Task Force 435) Afghanistan theatre detention operations|
|Task Force 439||439, TFTF 439||NATO attack submarine force, Mediterranean|
|Task Force 440||440, TFTF 440||Operation Sharp Guard, 1993-96 (WEU, SNFL, SNFM)|
|Task Force 442||442, TFTF 442||US||From 1967, Commander Submarine Flotilla 8 became COMSUBMED under NAVSOUTH in addition to wartime SSBN responsibilities as CTF 442.|
|Task Force 465||465, TFTF 465||(NATO)||Deployed task force of Operation Atalanta, EUNAVFOR Somalia, combating Somali piracy|
|Task Force 472||472, TFTF 472||SEATO (1969)||At the time USS Evans and HMAS Melbourne collided on the early morning on 3 June 1969, both were part of Exercise Task Group 472.1. Command of Task Force 472, and TG 472.1, was being exercised by Rear Admiral G.J.B. Crabb, Flag Officer Commanding Australian Fleet. TF 472 included Melbourne, Evans, Kyes, Larson, Blackpool, and Cleopatra. TF 472 was taking part in SEATO Exercise Sea Spirit.|
|Task Force 473||473, TFTF 473||France||Seemingly permanently assigned to the carrier battle group ('aeronaval group') build around Charles de Gaulle. Part of Force d'action navale.|
|Task Force 500||500, TFTF 500||NATO||Flag Officer Denmark (FOD), Allied Forces Baltic Approaches (1963).|
|Task Force 502||502, TFTF 502||NATO||Carrier battle force, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe, 1970s-1980s. Provided by U.S. Carrier Group or Cruiser-Destroyer Group headquarters.|
|Task Force 503||503, TFTF 503||NATO||Amphibious force, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe, 1970s-1980s. Provided by U.S. Amphibious Squadron headquarters.|
|Task Force 504||504, TFTF 504||NATO||Landing force, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe, 1970s-1980s.|
|Task Force 505||505, TFTF 505||NATO||Support force, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe, 1970s-1980s.|
|Task Force 506||506, TFTF 506||NATO||Special Operations Force, Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe, 1970s-1980s.|
|Task Force 508||508, TFTF 508||NATO (or member)||As of late 2013, Operation Ocean Shield Somali counter-piracy force. CTF 508 was Rear Admiral Eugenio Diaz del Rio on board flagship Alvaro de Bazan on 14 January 2014.|
|Joint Task Force 510||510, JTFJTF 510||US||Special Operations Command Pacific standing joint task force for rapid deployment. Involved in Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines, 2002.|
|Joint Task Force 622||622, JTFJTF 622||AUS||Operation VIC FIRE ASSIST|
|Joint Task Force 627||627, JTFJTF 627||AUS||SUBmarine Search And Rescue (SUBSAR) May be designator for Commander Australian Fleet; CTF 627 was allocated to this officer under his previous title of Maritime Commander Australia in 1999-2000.|
|Joint Task Force 630||630, JTFJTF 630||AUS||Op Larry Assist after Cyclone Larry, March 2006. Commander was Mick Slater.|
|Joint Task Force 631||631, JTFJTF 631||AUS||Operation Astute - Timor Leste International Stabilisation Force|
|Joint Task Force 633||633, JTFJTF 633||AUS||Operation Okra, HQJTF 633, based in the United Arab Emirates, provides command and control of all ADF elements deployed throughout the Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO) as part of Operation Slipper. JTF 633 is commanded by Major General Craig Orme. Previous commanders have included MAJGEN Stuart Smith. Included Security Detachment Iraq|
|Joint Task Force 634||634, JTFJTF 634||AUS||Supported 2007 Sydney APEC Conference. Commander: Brigadier Andrew Smith, Cdr 7th Brigade.|
|Joint Task Force 637||637, JTFJTF 637||AUS||Operation Kiribati Assist; Operation Queensland Flood Assist|
|Joint Task Force 639||639, JTFJTF 639||AUS||Op Resolute - Border Protection Command|
|Joint Task Force 645||645, JTFJTF 645||AUS||Commander INTERFET, 1999 (TF 645), CHOGM 2001, CHOGM 2002|
|Task Force 646||646, TFTF 646||AUS||RAAF Air Command Aerospace Operational Support Group TG 646.7.|
|Joint Task Force 662||662, JTFJTF 662||AUS||ADF support during the 2009 Victorian Black Saturday bushfires.|
|Joint Task Force 663||663, JTFJTF 663||AUS||Operation Render Safe 2011. HMAS Gascoyne, HMAS Diamantina, HMNZS Resolution (A14), HMNZS Wellington.|
|Joint Task Force 664||664, JTFJTF 664||AUS||Operation Yasi Assist|
|Joint Task Force 665||665, JTFJTF 665||AUS||Operation Testament, ADF commitment to World Youth Day 2008, Commander Brigadier David Saul|
|Task Force 714||714, TFTF 714||US||United States Special Operations Command. Designation for JSOC high-value targets task force in Iraq and Afghanistan during General Stanley McChrystal's time in command.|
|Task Force 825||825, TFTF 825||Spain||Task Group 825.1 was the Spanish aircraft carrier Principe de Asturias task group in May 2008.|
|Joint Task Force 950||950, JTFJTF 950||US||Commander, United States Second Fleet whilst in a training role.|
|Task Force 1099||US||(See Task Force 121)|
Named joint task forces
Joint Task Force Shining Hope; Joint Task Force Eagle Vista (1998 Presidential African visit)
United States Army and other non-USMCEB task forces
|Task Force 1-41||141 TF 1-41 INF||US||U.S. Army combined-arms heavy battalion mechanized Task Force consisting primarily of the 1st Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment, and the 4th Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment all being part of the 2nd Armored Division (Forward). It served at the Battle of 73 Easting and the Battle of Norfolk. Formed in various other incarnations during other conflicts.|
|Combined Joint Task Force 82||082 CJTF-82||US|
|Special Operations Task Force 103||103 SOTF-103||US||On 11 May 2010, Malian and Senegalese soldiers worked on small unit tactics, movements, and convoy vehicle recover drills with special operations forces personnel from Special Operations Task Force 103 in Bamako, Mali. The classes were part of Exercise Flintlock 10, an exercise focused on military interoperability and capacity-building, which was part of an AFRICOM-sponsored annual exercise program with partner nations in northern and western Africa. Flintlock 10, which includes participation of key European U.S. allies, was conducted by SOCAFRICA and was designed to build relationships and develop capacity among security forces throughout the Trans-Saharan region of Africa.|
|Task Force 118||118 TF-118||US||a regular army aviation unit flying AH-58D Warrior helicopters whose mast-mounted IR sights helped spot small boats during Operation Prime Chance|
|Task Force ALBA||Swiss||Humanitarian operation in Albania during 1999.|
|Task Force Aegis||US||Redirects to Combined Joint Task Force 76|
|Task Force Alpha||UK||Redirects to 7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|
|Task Force Baum||US||Concentration camp rescue force "set up by U.S. Army general George S. Patton"|
|Task Force Bayonet||US||Task Force Bayonet (disambiguation)|
|Task Force Black||US||Redirects to Task Force 88 (anti-terrorist unit)|
|Task Force Blue||US||United States Navy SEALs|
|Task Force Danbi||South Korea||Haiti earthquake relief 2010|
|Task Force Eagle||NATO||IFOR|
|Task Force East||US||US European Command initiative to strengthen relationships with Eastern European allies|
|Task Force Faith||US||US Army unit during the Korean War|
|Task Force Falcon (US)||US||US Army Task Force serving as part of KFOR in Kosovo|
|Task Force Frigid||US||After World War II, the War Department decided that U.S. Army personnel must be able to live and operate in any degree of cold. A group of task forces was therefore organized to test U.S. Army equipment in the cold. Task Force Frigid and Task Force Williwaw were dispatched to what is now Fort Greely, Alaska during the winters of 1946 and 1947.|
|Task Force Harvest||NATO||Operation Essential Harvest|
|Task Force Hawk||US||Kosovo|
|Task Force Helmand||NATO||Part of ISAF in Helmand Province, Afghanistan|
|Task Force K-Bar||US||"The first major ground deployment in the US-led invasion of Afghanistan"|
|Task Force Kandahar||NATO||ISAF in Kandahar, Afghanistan|
|Task Force Kean||UN||North Korea|
|Task Force Leatherneck||US||Located at Camp Leatherneck, Helmand Province, Afghanistan. Marine Air-Ground Task Force currently operating in Helmand Province. 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade during 2009-10 for Operation Enduring Freedom. Also used by the 1st and 2nd Marine Divisions during their deployments to Afghanistan|
|Task Force Libeccio||CAN||Operation Mobile#Royal Canadian Air Force - 2011 military intervention in Libya.|
|Task Force Lightning||US||25th Infantry Division (United States)|
|Task Force Manchu||US||Second Battle of Naktong Bulge#The end of Task Force Manchu|
|Task Force Mustang||US||Combat Aviation Brigade, 36th Infantry Division, Texas Army National Guard|
|Task Force ODIN||US||US Army aviation battalion created to combat improvised explosive devices in Iraq|
|Task Force Phoenix||CJTF Phoenix||US||Initially organized by CENTCOM to train and mentor the newly created Afghan National Security Forces|
|Task Force Ranger||US||Battle of Mogadishu (1993)#Task Force Ranger|
|Task Force Scorpio||Swiss||Biological and chemical response team activated during the first Gulf War - not deployed|
|Task Force Shield||US/UK/Iraq||Set up in 2003 to provide security for Iraq's critical oil infrastructure|
|Task Force Sinai||US||U.S. element of Multinational Force and Observers (MFO)|
|Task Force Smith||US||Battle of Osan#Task Force Smith|
|Task Force Tarawa||US||The 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade during the 2003 invasion of Iraq|
|Task Force Taro||US||3rd Marine Regiment (United States)|
|Task Force Trinity||US||3rd Battalion 3rd Marines|
|Task Force Tripoli||US||USMC air ground task force formed after the fall of Baghdad during the 2003 invasion of Iraq|
|Task Force Uruzgan||Netherlands||Part of NATO's Regional Command South, ISAF, Afghanistan|
|Task Force Viking||US||Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force – North (CJSOTF–N), also known as Task Force Viking, was the U.S. joint task force responsible for the northern front during the initial period of the 2003 invasion of Iraq|
|Task Force White Eagle||Poland||A brigade sized detachment of Polish Land Forces in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan. The brigade was under the command of the US 1st Cavalry Division.|
- Task Force for Business and Stability Operations - U.S. Department of Defense commercial facilitation organization, not an operational task force.
- Task Force 6-26 - USSOCOM or JSOC task force
- Task Force Iron- A heavy battalion mechanized task force with the foundation being formed by Task Force 1-41 Infantry and other 2nd Armored Division (FWD) battalions during the 1991 Gulf War. It fought during the Battle of 73 Easting and the Battle of Norfolk.
- Task Force 1-37 was a heavy battalion mechanized task force formed around units of the 1st Armored Division (United States). It served with distinction at the Battle of Medina Ridge during the 1991 Gulf War.
- See Larry Bond, 'Cauldron' (fiction) or Hackworth, 'About Face'.
- Lieutenant General David W. Barno, interview by Center for Military History, 21 November 2006, 31–32, in A Different Kind of War.
- Norman Polmar, Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet,' Naval Institute Press, 2005, p.37
- Puryear 1983, pp. 132–133.
- National Archives and Records Administration, Federal Record Group 374.5.2, accessed June 2013.
- Barton C. Hacker, 'Elements of Controversy'.
- History of the Unified Command Plan 1946-2012, pp. 22-24.
- Siegel, Adam B. (August 1996). The Intervasion of Haiti, Professional Paper 539 (PDF). Center for Naval Analyses. p. 12.
- Science Advisor, NAVEUR/NAVAF/Sixth Fleet, Science and Technology Shortfalls, 26 June 2012, accessed January 2014.
- Globalsecurity.org, Patrol and Reconnaissance Force, Pacific
- Spector, Ronald (1987). "U.S. Marines in Grenada 1983" (PDF). p. 6.
- CTF 84 Reserve Unit Established, October 5, 2005
- Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet
- Mud, Muscle and Miracles, 384.
- "CINCUSNAVEUR OPORD 15-67" (PDF). National Security Agency. 11 June 1967. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Defense, This story was written by the Department of. "CNO Announces Flag Officer Assignments". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2016-01-29.
- Larry Berman, Zumwalt: The Life and Times of Admiral Elmo Russell "Bud" Zumwalt, Jr., Harper, 2012, 171.
- Samuel E> Morrison, The Invasion of France and Germany,, p.335-6.
- Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jessica Vargas, TACAMO, Strategic Communications Wing One Public Affairs. "Strategic Communications Wing One Holds Change of Command". Navy.mil. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- Karen Smith et al., 'Is NAVSO Organized and Staffed to do its job?' Center for Naval Analysis, CRM D0005057.A1, January 2002.
- "p.370" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- U.S. Navy online documentation
- WA Saunders, Joint Pub 5-00.2 Joint Task Force Planning Guidance and Procedures: A Critical Review, 1992
- GlobalSecurity.org. "Operation Sea Signal", GlobalSecurity.org website, 2008. Retrieved on October 19, 2008.
- Roberts, 344.
- Independent, Obituary: Admiral Sir Richard Fitch, 22 February 1994. Note that the Independent incorrectly lists Ashmore's apppoinment at the time.
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