Joint Task Force Katrina
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Joint Task Force Katrina was a joint operation between the United States Department of Defense and the Federal Emergency Management Agency created on September 1, 2005 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi to organize relief efforts along the Gulf Coast in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The operation was headed by U.S. Army Lieutenant General Russel L. Honoré. Joint Task Force Katrina took over operation from Northern command that set up that had set some operation in place before hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast.
Included in this was a joint mission of USAF Reserve Security Forces personnel at Kelly Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas. Their mission was to protect Air Force resources and personnel if the displaced persons being housed in shelters at Kelly AFB were to cause a civil disturbance.
JTF Katrina was established the day after hurricane Katrina finished its path through the Gulf coast. It was established on September 1, 2005 to coordinate the Department of Defense (DOD) and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) relief plans for the areas effected by Hurricane Katrina. At its creation Joint Task Force Katrina had about 7,000 national guardsmen in Mississippi, 10,000 in Alabama, 6,500 in Louisiana,and 8,200 in Florida ready for duty. These troops had been put in place by Northern Command. First actions taken were flying helicopters for medical- evacuations that were started on September 1. The air crafts for these operations came from across the United States. Some came from as far as California to help in the relief effort. Pilots of these air craft orders ranged from flying along the coastline looking for survivors and transporting food, water, and medical supplies to all of the refuge camps across the Gulf.
Numerous Naval ships were sent to the gulf to assist in the aid of the Gulf for instance the Iwo Jima amphibious Readiness Group Sailed from Virginia which was a group of ships made up of the USS IWO JIMA, USS Shreveport, USS Tortuga, and USNS Arctic each loaded with disaster response equipment which went to Louisiana to offer there assistance. Also the USNS Comfort which was a hospital ship that came from Maryland to give medical supplies to the relief effort. The USS Grapple also was called in to do underwater salvaging of flooded areas throughout the Gulf coast.
Multiple working staging areas were set up on multiple air force bases that included Maxwell Air Force Base, Alalabma; Naval Air Station Meridian, Mississippi; Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana ; Alexandria, Louisiana; and Fort Polk, Louisiana. These were set up to speed up movement of supplies and soldiers to get to needed areas. Joint Task Force Katrina eventually was relocated from Camp Shelby. To USS IWO JIMA that was in port in New Orlands. The United States Military also had 355 helicopters and 93 planes to the relief effort. Not including the 63,000 Active Soldiers that were also contributing to the cause.
There are some opinions that Joint Task Force Katrina was formed and did not respond fast enough to act in response to Hurricane Katrina. Some felt that there should have been evacuation orders to get all of New Orleans evacuated because of how high risk it is to major flooding in a hurricane. This is because it is a below sea level valley and had been predicted if a levee were to be damaged and go out that the death toll from that could be north of 40,000 people. There was no such order though, but 80 percent of New Orleans was evacuated prior to the storm. The main issue with that the 20% that was still in the city were people who could not afford to evacuate or were physically inescapable without assistance. Which none was given prior to the storm.
- Association of the United States Army: Joint Task Force Katrina begins setting up at Camp Shelby, Mississippi
- CNO Visits Iwo Jima - Joint Task Force Gulf Coast
- Army Support During the Hurricane Katrina Disaster
- JTF Katrina
- Northern Command To THE Rescue
- Navy piloy says 'a lot of people' still trapped: Chicago Tribune
- The Evacuation and The Recriminations: The Washington Post