Joint committee (legislative)

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A joint committee is a committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature. In other contexts, it refers to a committee with members from more than one organization.


A joint committee (Gemeinsamer Ausschuss) comprises members of both Bundestag (two thirds) and Bundesrat (one third). It exists to ensure a working legislature during a state of defense.[1]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

A Joint Committee of the Irish Oireachtas (parliament) comprises members of both Dáil Éireann (the lower house) and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).


A bicameral conference committee is formed for each bill where the Senate and the House of Representatives have conflicting versions. The committee has the same number of members from each chamber. Once passed, the chambers then have to approve the version passed by the bicameral conference committee in order for it to be sent for the president's signature.

If Congress is short on time, a chamber may approve the other chamber's version instead.

United Kingdom[edit]

A Joint Committee of the Parliament of the United Kingdom is a parliamentary committee consisting of members of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords.[2] Joint Committees can be permanent or temporary. Three permanent committees meet on a regular basis to consider Human Rights, National Security Strategy and Statutory Instruments. A Joint Committee on Consolidation Bills, which was first appointed in 1894,[3] considers all bills that seek to consolidate existing statutes. In a similar way, a Joint Committee on Tax Law Rewrite Bills scrutinizes all bills that seek to simplify tax laws. Temporary committees have considered specific topics ranging from draft bills on financial services and climate change to restoration of the Palace of Westminster.[4] There are two statutory committees that have members from both Houses, the Ecclesiastical Committee and the Intelligence and Security Committee.

United States[edit]

A Joint Committee of the United States Congress is a congressional committee consisting of both Senate and House members and having jurisdiction over matters of joint interest. An example of a joint committee is the Joint Committee on the Library.[5] Most joint committees are permanent (as with the Library Committee) but temporary joint committees have been created to address specific issues (such as the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War during the American Civil War).

Joint committees are also a feature for upper and lower houses of State legislatures in some States.


In India, a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) is one type of ad hoc Parliamentary committee[6] constituted by the Indian parliament.[7] A Joint Parliamentary Committee is formed when a motion is adopted by one house and it is supported or agreed by the other house.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Article 53a of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz, GG)
  2. ^ "Joint Committees". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  3. ^ "UK Parliament - Joint Committee on Consolidation, &c.;, Bills". 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  4. ^ "Former Joint Select Committees". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  5. ^ "Joint Committee on the Library". United States House Committee on House Administration. Retrieved on November 26, 2017.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Parliamentary Committees".