Joint decision trap
The joint decision trap was identified by the political scientist, Fritz W. Scharpf in a 1988 scholarly article, Scharpf, Fritz W. (1988). 'The Joint-Decision Trap. Lessons From German Federalism and European Integration'. Public Administration, Vol. 66, No. 2. pp. 239–78. It is understood to be a situation in which there is a tendency for government decisions to be taken at the lowest common denominator in situations where the decision-makers have the ability to veto the proposals. It is a common challenge for federal governments such as Germany and the European Union.
- "The Joint-Decision Trap: Lessons from German Federalism and European integration". onlinelibrary.wiley.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "The Joint-Decision Trap Revisited". London School of Economics. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Introduction: The EU's Decision Traps and their Exits, A Concept for Comparative Analysis" (PDF). Retrieved 14 August 2012. by Gerda Falkner
- "Who governs the environmental policy in the EU? A study of the process towards a common climate target". Cicero. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Peter F. Drucker; Harvard Business Review on Decision Making (2001); ISBN 1-57851-557-2
- John S. Hammond; Smart Choices: A Practical Guide to Making Better Decisions (2002); ISBN 0-7679-0886-4
- Edward Russo, Paul J.H. Schoemaker; Decision Traps (1990) ISBN 0-385-24835-0
- Paul J.H. Schoemaker; Winning Decisions: Getting It Right the First Time (2001); ISBN 0-7499-2285-0
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