Joinville

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Joinville
Municipality
Municipality of Joinville
Município de Joinville
Downtown Joinville
Downtown Joinville
Flag of Joinville
Flag
Official seal of Joinville
Seal
Nickname(s): 
City of Princes, City of Flowers, Brazilian Manchester
Location of Joinville
Location of Joinville
Country Brazil
RegionSouth
StateSanta Catarina
MesoregionNorte Catarinense
MicroregionJoinville
Founded9 March 1851
Government
 • MayorUdo Döhler (PMDB) (January 1st 2013 - January 1st 2021)
Area
 • Total1,130.878 km2 (436.634 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
(2013)
 • Total569,000
 • Density484/km2 (1,250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code
89200-000
Area code(s)+55 47
WebsiteOfficial website

Joinville (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒõjˈvili], [ʒo.ĩˈvili] or [ʒwĩˈvili]) is the largest city in Santa Catarina State, in the Southern Region of Brazil. It is the third largest municipality in the southern region of Brazil, after the much larger state capitals of Curitiba and Porto Alegre. Joinville is also a major industrial, financial and commerce center.

The city has a very high human development index (0.809) among Brazilian municipalities, occupying the 21st national position. One study pointed to Joinville as the second best city to live in Brazil.[1] Joinville holds the titles of "Brazilian Manchester", "City of Flowers", "City of Princes", "City of Bicycles" and "City of Dance". It is also known for hosting the Joinville Dance Festival (considered the largest dance festival in the world), the Bolshoi Ballet School in Brazil (the only one in the world outside of Russia) and Joinville Esporte Clube.

In 2017, the population of Joinville was estimated at 577,077 people[2], many of whom are of German, Swiss, Norwegian and Italian descent. The metropolitan area is home to 1,340,997 residents according to the 2010 census by IBGE, thus, the most populous metropolitan region of the state of Santa Catarina. [3]

Owing to urban development and relatively good infrastructure, Joinville has become a major center for events and business conferences. The city has one of the highest standards of living in Latin America.[4]

History[edit]

Historical affiliations
 Empire of Brazil 1851–1889
BrazilRepublic of Brazil 1889–present
Dona Francisca German colony in Joinville during the reign of Emperor Brazil, 1886

The area surrounding Joinville has been inhabited by the Tupí people for approximately 7,000 years.[5]

Even though it is considered a German-Brazilian city, its name is French (Joinville was named after François d'Orléans, prince of Joinville, son of King Louis-Philippe of France, who married Princess Francisca of Brazil, in 1843). The city's former name was Colônia Dona Francisca (Lady Francisca Colony), but was changed to Joinville in 1851.

However, a Royal Palace was built in their honor around 1870.[citation needed] In 1851, the French prince, after a financial crisis, sold almost all his lands in Southern Brazil to the German Senator Mathias Schröder.

Senator Schröder was a member of the Colonization Society of Hamburg. This society, made up of bankers, businessmen and merchants, attracted immigrants to be sent to Brazil[citation needed] and thereby establish commercial ties between Germany and the German communities in Brazil. In 1851, the first 118 German and Swiss immigrants arrived, followed by 74 Norwegian immigrants.

From 1850 to 1888, Joinville received 17,000 German immigrants, most of them Lutherans, poor peasants coming to occupy this part of Brazil.[3]

Founding[edit]

The half-timbered house is an inheritance of the Germanic colonization.

The city of Joinville was founded by Norwegian-,[6] Swiss- and German settlers on March 9, 1851.[7] Immigrants from Norway made up a group of men with several professional qualifications, including carpenters, masons, bakers, agriculturalists, and even a veterinarian and physician.[8] Many of the first Norwegian settlers became ill by dysentery, typhoid, and other illnesses. In the first letter home, dated to July 1851, the author explained that “only” four Norwegians were dead so far: Simon Hansen of Helgeland, Lars C. Steensem of Ytterøy, Hans Petter Luttersen of Horten, and Martin Nordby of Larvik. Between 1851-1852, 41 Norwegians left Joinville and seven died.[9]

A monument was erected by Rio Cachoeira in the city centre in 2001, in honor of the Norwegian, Swiss, and German settlers.[10]

Geography[edit]

A storm over Joinville

Joinville is located in the northeast of the State of Santa Catarina, close to the Atlantic coast, and is crossed by the river Cachoeira. It is not too far from the borders with the state of Paraná and its capital, Curitiba. The city is surrounded by the municipalities of Garuva, São Francisco do Sul, Araquari, Guaramirim, Schroeder, Jaraguá do Sul and Campo Alegre (this one in the microregion of São Bento do Sul).

The city contains a port on Babitonga Bay (Baía da Babitonga), which leads to the Atlantic Ocean and provides an important route for exporting manufactured products.[11] In 2006–07 there were public discussions about creating a Baía da Babitonga Wildlife Reserve to manage the mangroves, fishery and aquaculture in the bay.[12] This was defeated by politicians and businesspeople who were concerned about the impact on planned projects including a port expansion.[13]

Climate[edit]

Joinville has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification data). In some rare cases, Joinville gets hit by South Atlantic cyclones, the most notable being Cyclone Catarina in 2004. Although Joinville lies outside the tropic zone, and because of its low altitude and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean it sees little temperature variation throughout the year, with every month seeing average highs in the 20s C.

Climate data for Joinville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
29.1
(84.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.0
(78.8)
23.8
(74.8)
22.1
(71.8)
21.3
(70.3)
21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
24.2
(75.6)
26.3
(79.3)
27.7
(81.9)
25.2
(77.4)
Average low °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
20.1
(68.2)
17.6
(63.7)
15.3
(59.5)
14.0
(57.2)
12.9
(55.2)
13.6
(56.5)
15.1
(59.2)
17.0
(62.6)
18.5
(65.3)
19.5
(67.1)
17.1
(62.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 212
(8.3)
246
(9.7)
204
(8)
134
(5.3)
110
(4.3)
91
(3.6)
77
(3)
93
(3.7)
121
(4.8)
149
(5.9)
126
(5)
143
(5.6)
1,706
(67.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[14]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Joinville suburbs view.

Culture[edit]

Germanic-style buildings at the city main entrance.

Joinville is famous for its strong German-influenced culture. The city retains many aspects of German culture, in its architecture, in the local dishes, parties and in the way of life of its inhabitants.

Joinville is the host city of the Festival de Dança de Joinville (Joinville Dance Festival) which is the world's largest dance event, held every year during the month of July.[15] Joinville is the only city outside of Moscow to have a school of the Bolshoi Ballet, the renowned Russian Ballet Company. The city is home to a Catholic bishop, several Lutheran churches (one of the largest communities in Brazil), a Botanical Garden and a Zoo. Parks, and several beaches are less than an hour's drive away from the city.[16] Joinville is also home to several museums including the "MUBI" bicycle museum.[17]

The Royal Palace, built in the mid-19th century, nowadays is a designated National Museum of Immigration History, specifically detailing the struggle and hardship German immigrants went through on their journey to Brazil in the 1800s. It has furniture and costumes dating back to the mid-19th century.

The National Museum of Immigration and Colonization.

International Dance Festival[edit]

The Joinville Dance Festival

Every year since 1982, Joinville's Dance Festival gathers in the city thousands of professional dancers and viewers from all over the world. The festival always takes place in the second half of July. The 11 days of presentations attract around 50 thousand people to Centreventos Cau Hansen, making it one of the largest events of its kind in the world. Joinville's Dance Festival has even received a mention in the 2005 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's "largest dance festival". There are competitions in seven different categories, from classical ballet to folk dances. Squares, shopping centres and many companies take the opportunity to promote other events at the same time, such as courses and talks.

Industrial tourism[edit]

With a population of over half a million inhabitants and an economy based mainly on industry, Joinville has become the largest city in State of Santa Catarina.

Economy[edit]

The financial centre of Joinville.

Joinville's economy is based on industrial activities and commerce. The city is also the center to some of Brazil's largest software companies such as: Datasul [pt], Logocenter, Microvix and SoftExpert.

Joinville is also home to many well known large corporations in Brazil such as: Tupy, Tigre, Embraco, Döhler, Whirlpool, Wetzel, Busscar, Ciser, Schulz S/A.

The city has one of the highest standards of living in Brazil. Its industrial output is the third-largest in the Southern States of Brazil, after the large main cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba. Joinville is also the third most populous city in the southern region of Brazil, after the neighboring state capitals of Curitiba and Porto Alegre.[18]

General Motors opened a motors factory in Joinville in 2012. It plans to invest up to US$1 billion in the coming years in another plant next to its new plant and a full assembly line is in the works for the future.[citation needed]

In April 2013 BMW announced the building of its first plant in Latin America in the neighboring town of Araquari - the headquarters of BMW are expected to be in the city of Joinville. BMW will build the X1, X3, and 3 series initially in this plant and possibly some models of the Mini Cooper.[19] It was confirmed on Dec 16, 2013 that the following models will be built in the plant: Series 1, X1, X3, Series 3 and the Mini Cooper Countryman - the factory is set to open by the end of 2014.

Demographics[edit]

European Brazilians compose most of the city's population, tracing their origins mostly from Southern and Central Europe. A minority of the population (7.32%) are Black or Pardo (Brown-colored multiracials).

Race/Skin color Percentage Number
White 91.50% 393,085
Pardo (brown) 5.13% 22,025
Afro-Brazilian 2.19% 9,413
Native American 0.14% 613
Asian 0.17% 711

Source: IBGE 2000.[20]

Religion[edit]

The first settlers were mainly Lutherans but, nowadays, followers of this religion make up only 6.13% of the population. Today, most of the Protestants are of Pentecostal faith. The first congregation of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Brazil was organized in Joinville. The main religion, as in most of Brazil, is Roman Catholicism.

Religion Percentage Number
Roman Catholics 73.26% 314,729
Protestants 22.49% 96,632
No religion 2.01% 8,656

Source: IBGE 2000.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

Education[edit]

Rolf Colin public library.

Joinville is proud to have the best public education in Santa Catarina, recognized by the Ministry of Education. Schools, in general, have good infrastructure. The schooling rate (for people aged 6 to 14 years) was 97.3 in 2010. This placed the municipality in position 230 of 295 among the cities of the state and in position 3221 of 5570 among the cities of Brazil.

English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. As most of Joinville's inhabitants are of German ancestry, the German language is also taught in some schools.[22]

Colleges and universities[edit]

State and Federal

Private

  • ACE - Associação Catarinense de Ensino
  • FCJ - Faculdade Cenecista de Joinville
  • CATÓLICA - Centro Universitário - Católica de Santa Catarina [1]
  • IELUSC - Instituto Superior e Centro Educacional Luterano Bom Jesus
  • IESVILLE - Instituto de Ensino Superior de Joinville
  • INESA - Instituto de Ensino Superior Santo Antônio
  • SENAI - Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial
  • SOCIESC - Sociedade Educacional de Santa Catarina (pt Wikipedia)
  • UNIVILLE - Universidade da Região de Joinville

Transportation[edit]

Domestic airport[edit]

Joinville-Lauro Carneiro de Loyola Airport (IATA code: JOI) is a minor airport in southern Brazil and serves only domestic flights. It is located 13 km from downtown. In 2012, Joinville Airport recorded a movement of 484.742 passengers and about 10 000 landings and departures. On March 8, 2004, in the middle of the 153-year anniversary of Joinville, the airport inaugurated a new passenger terminal of four thousand square meters and capacity to serve up to 500 000 passengers per year. An administrative building and a control tower were also built. The airport has adapted to the concept of "aeroshopping" that Infraero implements in its airports. The number of stores increased from eight to 22 in the new terminal.

Highways[edit]

The city is served by Harold Nielson Bus Station. It is run by Seinfra and has two floors and eighteen companies, with buses that make intercity and interstate journeys daily. Passenger traffic occurs twenty-four hours a day, with sale of tickets varying from company to company.

Joinville is 135 km away from Curitiba on the BR-101, and 184 km from Florianópolis, the state capital.

Health[edit]

Sadalla Amin Ghanem's Eyes Hospital in his old address.

Joinville has specialized clinics mainly in surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics, dentistry, neurology, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, gynecology, urology, endocrinology, orthopedics, nephrology, among others. By 2011, the city had seven hospitals, 635 doctors' offices, 86 dental offices, 54 health posts, 146 pharmacies, 4 emergency rooms and 36 ambulances. Besides the seven hospitals, the city still has: Maternity Darci Vargas; Pro-Rim Institute, reference in the country; Sadalla Amin Ghanem Hospital of Eyes.

The average infant mortality rate in the city is 7.57 for 1000 live births. The hospitalizations due to diarrhea are 0.2 for every 1,000 inhabitants. Compared to all municipalities in the state, it is in positions 155 of 295 and 235 of 295, respectively. When compared to cities throughout Brazil, these positions are 3759 of 5570 and 4284 of 5570, respectively.

Sport[edit]

The city also offers leisure options in sports: there is a golf course, equestrian centre and a kart track. For outdoor activities lovers, there are places suitable for practicing any sport, from shooting (German tradition from the Middle Ages, kept until today) to adventure and nautical - the largest and best equipped Yacht Club in Santa Catarina State is in the municipality. The city also hosts famous teams of basketball, salon (Indoors) football and volleyball, all of them highly recognised in the national leagues.

Sporting clubs

On December 8, 2013, Joinville made headlines in the sport world when the game between Clube Atlético Paranaense and Vasco da Gama-RJ at Arena Joinville, the main football stadium in town was interrupted by violent fights between fans. The game was part of the last qualifying games of the Premier league "Serie A" in Brazil - Atlético Paranaense were fighting for a position in the Libertadores Cup and Vasco da Gama was fighting not to be relegated to the lower league "Serie B". Atlético Paranaense were hosting a game in Joinville after already being penalized for violence in its own arena in Curitiba, Paraná (120 km away from Joinville).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joinville é a 2ª melhor cidade do Brasil para se viver, aponta pesquisa". A Notícia. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  2. ^ "IBGE - Population of Joinville / SC / Brazil". cidades.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  3. ^ a b (( Radar Sul )) História da Cidade de Joinville - Santa Catatina - SC - Brasil Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ http://www.agencias3.com.br. "- Bela Santa Catarina - Portal de turismo e negócios". www.belasantacatarina.com.br.
  5. ^ Lund, Fredrik Larsen (2017). Norske utposter. Vega forlag. Page 158. ISBN 978-82-8211-537-7.
  6. ^ Sæther, Steinar A. (2015). Expectations Unfulfilled: Norwegian Migrants in Latin America, 1820-1940. BRILL. Page 57. ISBN 9789004307391.
  7. ^ "Et norsk strandhugg i Brasil". 23 June 1998.
  8. ^ Sæther, Steinar A. (2015). Expectations Unfulfilled: Norwegian Migrants in Latin America, 1820-1940. BRILL. Page 61. ISBN 9789004307391.
  9. ^ Lund, Fredrik Larsen (2017). Norske utposter. Vega forlag. Page 185. ISBN 978-82-8211-537-7.
  10. ^ Lund, Fredrik Larsen (2017). Norske utposter. Vega forlag. Page 201. ISBN 978-82-8211-537-7.
  11. ^ Sergio Silva (2006), PROPOSTA DE MOÇÃO (PDF), retrieved 2016-05-11
  12. ^ Sandra Tavares (18 September 2007), Instituto Chico Mendes e Ibama realizam Consulta Pública para a criação da primeira Reserva de Fauna do País, na baía da Babitonga-SC, Brasília: ICMBio, archived from the original on 30 May 2016, retrieved 2016-05-11
  13. ^ Gert Roland Fischer (22 June 2012), "UC – unidade de conservação de fauna", Ecologia em Ação (in Portuguese), retrieved 2016-05-11
  14. ^ "Climate-Data.org:". Retrieved 2018-09-11.
  15. ^ 26º Festival de Dança de Joinville Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ http://celst.org.br. "CELST - Congregação Evangelica Luterana do Brasil Santissima Trindade". www.celst.org.br.
  17. ^ MUBI - O Museu da Bicicleta de Joinville (in Portuguese) Archived 2009-05-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ 2010 IBGE Census
  19. ^ "Groundbreaking ceremony for new BMW Group plant in Brazil". 16 December 2013.
  20. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  21. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  22. ^ http://www.agencias3.com.br. "- Bela Santa Catarina - Portal de turismo e negócios". www.belasantacatarina.com.br.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°19′13″S 48°50′37″W / 26.3204°S 48.8437°W / -26.3204; -48.8437