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Jokshan (Hebrew: יָקשָׁן yoqšān, "an offense", "hardness", or "a knocking" Arabic يقشان yaqshaan); most probably Josephus' Jazar.[1] According to the Bible he was a son of Abraham and his either wife[2] or concubine[3] Keturah, whom he wed after the death of Sarah.[4] Jokshan had five brothers: Zimran, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah;[5] as well as two half brothers: Ishmael and Isaac. He was Keturah's second son and Abraham's fourth.

Josephus records that "Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis and the country of Arabia Felix, as far as it reaches to the Red Sea."[6] Abraham in all probability, tried to keep them apart from Isaac to avoid conflict while fulfilling God's commission to spread out and inhabit the globe.[7][8][9]

Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan had three sons, named Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.[10]


  1. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities 1.15.1
  2. ^ Genesis 25:1
  3. ^ 1Chronicles 1:32
  4. ^ Genesis 25:2-6
  5. ^ Genesis 25:1-6
  6. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.15.1
  7. ^ Genesis 1:27,28
  8. ^ Genesis 9:1
  9. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.4.1-3
  10. ^ Genesis 25:3
  • Calmet, Augustin (1837). Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. LCC BS440.C3.