Jolly Rancher

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Not to be confused with Jolly Roger.
Jolly Rancher
Jolly Ranchers.jpg
Assorted flavors of Jolly Rancher candies
Product type Fruit flavored hard candy
Owner The Hershey Company
Country United States
Introduced 1949
Markets U.S.
Previous owners Jolly Rancher Company
Beatrice Foods
Leaf, Inc.
Website Jolly Rancher at

Jolly Rancher is a brand of sweet, somewhat tangy or sour/sweet hard candy,[1] gummies, fruit chews, jelly beans, lollipops, gelatin desserts, gum, and sodas.[2] It is currently owned by The Hershey Company. The product was originally produced by the Jolly Rancher Company, founded in 1949 by Bill Harmsen of Golden, Colorado.[1] The Jolly Rancher Company made ice cream, chocolate and candy sold at several "Ranch Maid Ice Cream" stores in the Denver area. The name was meant to suggest a hospitable, western company.[1]


Jolly Rancher was sold to Beatrice Foods in 1966 and to Leaf Brands in 1983. In 1996, Leaf North America was acquired by the Hershey Company.[1]

In 2002, Hershey closed the Wheat Ridge, Colorado plant and moved the manufacturing of the candy to Mexico to save costs.[3]


Jolly Rancher candies original flavors were watermelon, grape, apple, and Fire Stix, later were cherry, orange tangerine, lemon, peach, and sour apple. Later, blue raspberry replaced lemon. In 2013, lemon was reintroduced in an all-lemon bag. Current flavors include cherry, blue raspberry, grape, green apple and watermelon. There are also sour, berry, cinnamon, and smoothie varieties. In 2015, Jolly Rancher offered a "Fruity Bash" variety bag which includes strawberry, mountain berry, lemon, orange, and pineapple. They also offer a "red" bag, with flavors such as strawberry and fruit punch, along with other "red" flavors. As of 2012, the peach flavor and wild berry flavors were discontinued by The Hershey Company.[citation needed]


Hard candy is an amorphous solid made from a solution of sugar, water, coloring and flavorings. It is characterized by the glass transition temperature, below which the amorphous material behaves like a rigid solid. Above the temperature, the solid is liquid-like and rubbery.[4] The viscosity of the sugar solution near the glass transition temperature is described by the William-Landel-Ferry equation:


  • is the viscosity at temperature T
  • is viscosity at the glass transition Tg
  • C1 and C2 are constants [5]


  1. ^ a b c d "Jolly Rancher hard candy". Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  2. ^ Elizabeth Beverage Company. "Jolly Rancher". Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  3. ^ Denver Business Journal. "Jolly Rancher plant Closes". Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Roos, Yrjö H. (2010-03-04). "Glass Transition Temperature and Its Relevance in Food Processing". Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. 1 (1): 469–496. doi:10.1146/ ISSN 1941-1413. 
  5. ^ Williams, Malcolm L.; Landel, Robert F.; Ferry, John D. (1955-07-01). "The Temperature Dependence of Relaxation Mechanisms in Amorphous Polymers and Other Glass-forming Liquids". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 77 (14): 3701–3707. doi:10.1021/ja01619a008. ISSN 0002-7863. 

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