Jolly Rancher

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Jolly Rancher
Jolly Ranchers.jpg
Assorted flavors of Jolly Rancher candies
Product type Fruit flavored hard candy
Owner The Hershey Company
Country United States
Introduced November 22, 1949
Markets United States
Previous owners Jolly Rancher Company
Beatrice Foods
Leaf, Inc.
Website Jolly Rancher at thehersheycompany.com

Jolly Rancher is an American brand of sweet, somewhat tangy or sour/sweet hard candy,[1] gummies, fruit chews, jelly beans, lollipops, gelatin desserts, gum, and sodas.[2] It is currently owned by The Hershey Company. The product was originally produced by the Jolly Rancher Company, founded by Bill Harmsen of Golden, Colorado.[1] The Jolly Rancher Company made ice cream, chocolate and candy sold at several "Ranch Maid Ice Cream" stores in the Denver area. The name was meant to suggest a hospitable, western company.[1]

Acquisitions[edit]

In 2002, Hershey closed the Wheat Ridge, Colorado plant and moved the manufacturing of the candy to Mexico to save costs.[3]

History[edit]

Bill Harmsen founded the Jolly Rancher Company in 1949 with the goal of having a name that seemed friendly and welcoming to customers. His candies were originally sold in Denver, Colorado, making his other products like ice cream hard to sell in the cold winter months. Since this became an issue, Harmsen decided to put his main focus into his hard candies. He figured that this would be something that could be enjoyed year-round, no matter the cold temperatures. [4]

Flavors[edit]

Jolly Rancher candies original flavors were watermelon, grape, apple, and Fire Stix. They then introduced cherry, orange tangerine, lemon, peach, and sour apple. Eventually, blue raspberry replaced lemon. In 2013, lemon was reintroduced in an all-lemon bag. Current flavors include cherry, blue raspberry, grape, green apple and watermelon. There are also sour, berry, cinnamon, and smoothie varieties. In 2015, Jolly Rancher offered a "Fruity Bash" variety bag which includes strawberry, mountain berry, lemon, orange, and pineapple. They also offer a "red" bag, with flavors such as strawberry and fruit punch, along with other "red" flavors. As of 2012, the peach flavor and wild berry flavors were discontinued by The Hershey Company.[citation needed]

Jolly Rancher Hotties flavors include the following: Flavors include Watermelon & Cayenne, Blue Raspberry & Sriracha, Cherry & Habanero, and Green Apple & Ginger

Chemistry[edit]

Jolly ranchers are amorphous solids, meaning their molecular arrangements have no specific pattern. They are hard, brittle, rigid, transparent and have low molecular mobility.[5] Jolly ranchers are formed from highly concentrated sugar solutions (greater than 95% sugar) and have extremely high viscosity. Their “glassy” appearance is a result of the way they are processed. During processing, the sugar syrup is cooled so rapidly that no crystals have time to form. Jolly ranchers hold their solid shape when kept in temperatures less than the glass transition temperature (Tg). If the temperature is greater than the Tg, the hard and glassy-like structure of the Jolly Rancher becomes a soft and rubbery material.[6]

Manufacturing[edit]

Jolly Ranchers are manufactured by creating a solution of corn syrup, sucrose, glucose, or fructose syrup that is boiled to a temperature of 160 °C and cooled to create a supersaturated mixture that is roughly 2.5 percent water.[7] As the mixture is cooled, natural and artificial flavoring, artificial colors (red 40, blue 1, yellow 5, yellow 6.specific) is added to individual batches of syrup solution which is later mixed with malic acid to improve shelf life and add further flavor. Once the mixture begins to cool it is then extruded into long malleable strings that are cut to size and individually wrapped and packaged.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Jolly Rancher hard candy". Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  2. ^ Elizabeth Beverage Company. "Jolly Rancher". Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  3. ^ Denver Business Journal. "Jolly Rancher plant Closes". Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "A Jolly History - Candy Favorites". www.candyfavorites.com. Retrieved 2017-04-10. 
  5. ^ Ludescher, Richard. "Science of Candy" (PDF). Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Hartel, Rich (16 October 2014). "Candy Chemistry" (PDF). Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Search The MC - First Page Preview". www.gomc.com. Retrieved 2017-04-04. 
  8. ^ Serna, Tamara E. (2010-01-01). Candy Making Made Easy. Lulu Com. ISBN 9781446113424. 

External links[edit]