Jon Anderson

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Jon Anderson
Jon Anderson with ukulele 2.jpg
Anderson performing in December 2011
Background information
Birth name John Roy Anderson
Born (1944-10-25) 25 October 1944 (age 71)
Accrington, Lancashire, England
Genres Progressive rock, symphonic rock, pop rock, skiffle, new-age
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, musician
Instruments Vocals, guitar, Puerto Rican cuatro, harp, ukulele, tambourine
Years active 1963–present
Labels Atlantic, Polydor, Elektra, Columbia, Angel, Windham Hill, Higher Octave, Eagle, Cleopatra, Voiceprint, Wounded Bird, EMI
Associated acts Yes, The Warriors, Jon & Vangelis, Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe, Anderson, Rabin and Wakeman

John Roy "Jon" Anderson (born 25 October 1944) is an English musician, singer and songwriter best known as the co-founder and former lead vocalist in the progressive rock band Yes and his solo career, for which he has collaborated with numerous artists.[1]

Early life[edit]

Anderson was born John Roy Anderson in the town of Accrington in Lancashire, in north west England. His father Albert was from Scotland and his mother Kathleen was of Irish ancestry.[1] Anderson dropped the "h" from his first name in 1970.[1] Anderson attended St. John's Infants School in Accrington. There he made a tentative start to a musical career, playing the washboard in Little John's Skiffle Group who performed songs by Lonnie Donegan, among others. After leaving school at the age of fifteen, Anderson landed a series of jobs including farm hand, lorry driver, and a milkman. He tried to pursue a football career at Accrington Stanley F.C., but at 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 m) tall[2] he was turned down because of his frail constitution. He remains a fan of the club.[3]


1962–68: Early career[edit]

In 1962, Anderson joined The Warriors (also known as The Electric Warriors),[1] where he and his brother Tony shared the role of lead vocalist. He quit this band in 1967, released two solo singles in 1968 under the pseudonym Hans Christian, One of which was a cover of The Association's "Never My Love".[4] One of Anderson's first producers at EMI was songwriter Paul Korda.

1968–80: Forming Yes and start of solo career[edit]

Anderson singing at a Yes concert in 1977.

In early 1968, Anderson met bassist Chris Squire and joined him in a group called Mabel Greer's Toyshop, which had previously included guitarist Peter Banks. Anderson fronted this band but ended up leaving again before the summer was over. He remarks on his website that his time with the band consisted of "too many drugs, not enough fun".[1] Anderson, Squire and Banks went on to form Yes with drummer Bill Bruford and keyboardist Tony Kaye. Their debut album was released in 1969. Although the band had no formal leader, Anderson served as its main motivating force in the early days, doing most of the hustling for gigs and originating most of the songs.

In 1970, Anderson appeared as a featured guest singer with King Crimson on "Prince Rupert Awakes", the first part of the title track of their Lizard album. The tune was outside the range of the group's then-vocalist, Gordon Haskell.

Anderson played a key part in initiating some of the band's more ambitious artistic ideas, serving as the main instigator of some of the band's more popular songs, including "Close to the Edge", "The Gates of Delirium", and "Awaken",[citation needed] and the concept behind Tales from Topographic Oceans (1973). Despite his own initial lack of instrumental skills, Anderson was strongly involved in the selection of successive Yes members chosen for their musicality - guitarist Steve Howe (who replaced Banks in 1970), Kaye's successive replacements Rick Wakeman and Patrick Moraz, and drummer Alan White, who replaced Bruford in 1972. Ambitious and stubborn (he was sometimes referred to as "the hippie with the iron hand") Anderson was also fond of sonic and psychological creative experiments, and in so doing contributed to occasionally conflicted relationships within the band and with management. One celebrated example of Anderson's approach was his original desire to record Tales from Topographic Oceans in the middle of the woods: instead, when the band opted to use a standard recording studio Anderson decided to arrange hay and animal cut-outs all over the floor to create atmosphere.[5]

In 1975, Anderson co-wrote "Pearly Gates" on Iron Butterfly's album Scorching Beauty and sang on "So Long Ago, So Clear" on Vangelis' album Heaven and Hell. Anderson released his first solo album, Olias of Sunhillow, in 1976, playing all the instruments himself.

In 1979, Anderson composed the score for a ballet, Ursprung which was part of a grouping of three dance works, collectively entitled Underground Rumours, commissioned and performed by The Scottish Ballet. The choreographer was Royston Maldoom, the theatrical set and costume designer was Graham Bowers, and the lighting designer was David Hersey. The principal dancers were Andrea Durant and Paul Russell.

In 1979, Anderson started recording again with Vangelis; this resulted in the first Jon & Vangelis album, Short Stories (1980).

Anderson stayed with Yes until a "bitter dispute" in March 1980.[6]

1980–90: Solo career, return to Yes, and ABWH[edit]

Following his departure from Yes, Anderson secured a solo album deal with Virgin Records and retreated to southern France to develop material. He returned and presented the label with a musical idea on Russian-French artist Marc Chagall and another about A True Fairy Tale by Daphne Charters. Upon hearing them, the label lost interest and asked for the album's advance back.[7] For much of 1980, Anderson recorded Song of Seven for Atlantic, which was released that November and supported by a UK tour with a backing group, the New Life Band. In 1981, Anderson played on Wakeman's concept album 1984 and released his first album with Vangelis in July 1981, The Friends of Mr Cairo. The album produced two singles, "I'll Find My Way Home" and "State of Independence" which peaked at No. 67 in the UK. The album was also notable for the title track, which was an ode to classic Hollywood gangster films of the 1930s and 1940s with voice impressions of Humphrey Bogart, Peter Lorre and James Stewart which paid homage to The Maltese Falcon (1941). In 1982, Anderson released Animation and in 1983, appeared on "In High Places" and "Shine" from Crises by Mike Oldfield. Also that year, he performed with Béla Fleck and the Flecktones and attempted to form a band with Wakeman and Keith Emerson, but it fell through.

In 1983, Anderson returned to Yes and sung on their best-selling album, 90125 (1983), and its follow-up, Big Generator (1987).

Anderson appeared on the song "Cage of Freedom" from the 1984 soundtrack for a re-release of the Fritz Lang film Metropolis. In 1985, his song "This Time It Was Really Right" was featured on the soundtrack for St. Elmo's Fire. He also sang "Silver Train" and "Christie" on the soundtrack to Scream for Help. Along with Tangerine Dream, he appeared on the song "Loved by the Sun" for Legend (1985). Anderson released a Christmas-themed solo album, 3 Ships (1985). Biggles: Adventures in Time (1986) features a song sung by Anderson. During this year, he recorded some demo tracks that would later be reworked. He and Vangelis also started writing new songs and recording demos for another album. Though the album was not made, they performed live together on 6 November 1986. The last three years of the 1980s saw Anderson sing on "Moonlight Desires" on Gowan's album Great Dirty World (1987), record his fifth solo album In the City of Angels, sing on "Stop Loving You" on the Toto album The Seventh One (1988), and recorded an album that would later be released as The Lost Tapes of Opio. He also sang on the songs "Within the Lost World" and "Far Far Cry" for the Jonathan Elias album Requiem for the Americas.[citation needed]

In 1988, after Yes' Big Generator tour, Anderson reunited with Bruford, Wakeman, and Howe to form Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe with bassist Tony Levin, who recorded one album and supported a successful world tour.

1990–2004: Yes and solo career[edit]

In 1990, after the ABWH tour, a series of business deals caused ABWH to reunite with the then-current members of Yes, who had been out of the public eye while searching for a new lead singer. The resulting eight-man band assumed the name Yes, and the album Union (1991) was assembled from various pieces of an in-progress second ABWH album, as well as recordings that Yes had been working on without Anderson. A successful tour followed.

Jon and Vangelis released their fourth album, Page of Life, in 1991. In 1992 Anderson appeared on Kitaro's album Dream, adding both lyrics and vocals to three songs: "Lady of Dreams", "Island of Life" and "Agreement". He planned to release an Ancient America-influenced solo album called The Power of Silence in 1993, but it was not released due to issues with Geffen Records. He also toured South America with a band that included his daughters, Deborah and Jade. He appeared on the song "Along The Amazon" which he co-wrote for violinist Charlie Bisharat's album of the same name. He also recorded an orchestral solo album called Change We Must in 1993; it was released the following year.[citation needed]

Anderson performing in 2003.

From 1992 to 1994, Anderson recorded the Yes album Talk (1994). "Walls", written by Rabin and Roger Hodgson, reached number 24 on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[8] Also in 1994, Anderson released a solo album of Latino-influenced music called Deseo. There were plans to release a live album called The Best of South America, but it was not released due to management issues (though some copies were already released by Yes Magazine). Anderson sang on the 7th Level children's video game Tuneland. Also, his son Damion released a single called "Close 2 the Hype", which featured him and Jon on vocals. The next year, Anderson released Angels Embrace and spoke of a plan to tour and record in China, but this idea was soon abandoned in favour of focusing on work with Yes. In 1996, The Power of Silence was released under the title Toltec. This release included sound effects that were not on the original recording. Anderson also played a Mother's Day concert in San Luis Obispo.[citation needed]

1997 saw Anderson recording and releasing a Celtic-influenced solo album called The Promise Ring, around the time he married Jane Luttenberger. During their honeymoon, Earthmotherearth was recorded and later released, followed in 1998 by an album called The More You Know that Jon and Jane recorded in Paris, France, with Francis Jocky. Anderson appeared on the song "The Only Thing I Need" by act 4Him in 1999; it was recorded for a multi-group album called "Streams". Steve Howe's tribute album Portraits of Bob Dylan also featured a cover of the Bob Dylan song, "Sad Eyed Lady of the Lowlands", with Jon's vocals. He also recorded with a band called The Fellowship on the album In Elven Lands, inspired by the works of J.R.R. Tolkien.[citation needed]

As revealed in a 2001 interview, Anderson began working on a sequel to his debut album Olias of Sunhillow as early as 2000[9] and later named The Songs of Zamran: Son of Olias. In a 2011 interview, Anderson would later describe it as a «large-scale project», (at the time) «three hours long», for which he had already written most of the music, but was still «trying to figure out how to recreate it correctly», explaining the «whole concept», i.e. to use «modern technology» to «create [...] an interactive album [...] an app that allows people to go on a journey, [to] choose a new journey every time they open it up, and hear it in a different way every time.»[10]

2004–present: Solo career and collaborations[edit]

Solo tours, Anderson & Wakeman[edit]

In 2004, he appeared with the Contemporary Youth Orchestra of Cleveland and returned in 2010 for a second performance.[11] A show broadcast from Washington D.C. on satellite radio was released on a DVD called Tour of the Universe in 2005.[12] This release coincided with the release of Jon Anderson's single "State of Independence".[13]

Anderson's earlier albums Olias of Sunhillow and Song of Seven were re-issued in 2006.

Animation was tardily released on CD to complaints about the professionalism of the sound.[citation needed] To some ears,[who?] a later pressing used a better master, although the label Voiceprint denies any differences between the pressings.

In Elven Lands, an album containing Anderson's recordings with The Fellowship, was also released as were the first seven volumes of a box set called The Lost Tapes. Also in 2006, Anderson appeared with the Trans-Siberian Orchestra (East Coast Troupe) during two 16 December shows in Philadelphia to play "Roundabout". In Fall 2006, Anderson and Rick Wakeman embarked on an tour of the UK billed as "Anderson / Wakeman".[citation needed]

In 2007, Anderson contributed vocals to an album Culture of Ascent by American progressive rock group Glass Hammer; and appeared as part of a vocal ensemble on the track "Repentance" from the Dream Theater album Systematic Chaos. During that year, Anderson also toured both the USA and England with The Paul Green School of Rock Music. Anderson's 1985 Christmas album 3 Ships was also released on CD with bonus tracks.[citation needed]

Anderson performing at the Wilbur Theater in Boston, 15 March 2012

The year 2008 saw an ambient album using Anderson's voice and bird song called From Me to You added to The Lost Tapes. Anderson appeared on the song "Sadness of Flowing" which he co-wrote for Peter Machajdík's album Namah and he made similar contributions to a re-mastering of Tommy Zvoncheck's album ZKG.

In 2009 Anderson played on a European tour called "Have Guitar, Will Travel". Later that year, his 1997 album EarthMotherEarth was re-released with bonus tracks. Rather than just have Jon Anderson's name, it was released under "Jon and Jane Anderson". In The City of Angels and Change We Must were also reprinted during this year. Anderson played a series of shows in Canada and the United States in 2010. He and Rick Wakeman began an autumn tour of the UK at the Cambridge Corn Exchange, on 9 October. A sample of Anderson's vocals from Mike Oldfield's "In High Places" is prominently featured in Kanye West's 2010 album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy in the opening track "Dark Fantasy".[citation needed]

In October 2010, as Anderson/Wakeman, Jon Anderson and Rick Wakeman released a joint album entitled The Living Tree. Initially sold only as a souvenir during their "The Anderson Wakeman Project 360" UK tour in Autumn 2010, the album was later made available to the public in November 2010. In June 2011, Anderson released Survival & Other Stories, his fourteenth solo album.[citation needed]

In October 2011, Anderson released a single-track album entitled Open, featuring orchestration by Stefan Podell.[14]

In late 2012, Anderson launched a site for Zamran Experience, his next concept album. It is to be a sequel of Olias of Sunhillow.[15]

On 3 January 2013, Anderson confirmed still being working on his sequel to Olias of Sunhillow still entitled The Songs of Zamran: Son of Olias.[16]

On 28 March 2013, Anderson embarked on an 8-date Australia spring tour, 40 years since Yes' first tour down under in March 1973, followed by a one-off performance at a spring festival in Canada (Rouyn-Noranda, QC), a 4-date short Europe summer tour and 2 separate shows in fall 2013, one in Florida (Miami Beach) and the other in Iceland (Reykjavík) as his very first visit in this country.

On 15 February 2014, Anderson embarked on a 2-month North America tour including a "Progressive Nation At Sea 2014" cruise (50-minute) performance that ended on 24 April 2014. After two shows in the US (on 16 August 2014 in Chesterfield, Missouri and on 31 August 2014 in Avila Beach, California), Jon completed a 5-date South America tour in October 2014. Two North America shows are yet scheduled for November 2014 (in San Francisco, CA and Las Vegas, NV). In October 2014, Anderson announced the release on 19 October 2014 of a new Jon Anderson & Matt Malley charity single entitled "The Family Circle".[citation needed]

AndersonPonty Band[edit]

On 25 July 2014, Anderson announced his collaboration with French violinist and jazz composer Jean-Luc Ponty named the AndersonPonty Band (APB), and news of their upcoming album, recorded with Jamie Dunlap on guitars, Wally Minko on keyboards, Baron Browne on bass and Rayford Griffin on drums and percussion. Initially Michael Lewis on guitar[17] was involved but left the project. AndersonPonty aimed to record several new songs and revisit music the two had written in their careers with new arrangements. Ponty stated: "The idea is to keep our musical personalities and the original sounds, but the production will be more modern".[18]

Following a period of rehearsals from May–July 2014, the group went in residence for three weeks at the Wheeler Opera House in Aspen, Colorado to rehearse, record and perform their debut show at the venue on 20 September 2014. During post-production, Dunlap left the band in January 2015 and replaced by Jamie Glaser who replaced Dunlap's guitar parts with his own. Production delayed further, and several shows were cancelled after Anderson had suffered from sinus issues. Their album Better Late Than Never was released in September 2015 for CD and DVD as the partial recording of their first concert on 20 September 2014 in Aspen, Colorado.

From October–November 2015 and April–May 2016, the group toured North America with a line-up of Anderson, Ponty, Rayford Griffin, Wally Minko, Keith Jones and Jamie Glaser.[19][20][20]

Anderson, Rabin and Wakeman[edit]

In January 2016, Anderson announced his collaboration project with Rabin and Wakeman named Anderson, Rabin and Wakeman, revealing the three had been writing new material for an album.[21][22][23] A tour of North America and Europe is scheduled from October 2016 to March 2017.[24]


On 16 March 2016, Anderson announced that he had been recording an album in the past year with Swedish musician Roine Stolt. Invention of Knowledge was released on 24 June 2016.[25]

Musical style[edit]

It is a commonly held misconception that Anderson sings falsetto, a vocal technique which artificially produces high, airy notes by using only the ligamentous edges of the vocal cords; however, this is not the case. Anderson's normal singing/speaking voice is naturally above the tenor range. In a 2008 interview with the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Anderson stated, "I'm an alto tenor and I can sing certain high notes, but I could never sing falsetto, so I go and hit them high."[26]

Anderson is also responsible for most of the mystically themed lyrics and concepts which are part of many Yes releases. The lyrics are frequently inspired by various books Anderson has enjoyed, from Tolstoy's War and Peace to Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. A footnote in Paramahansa Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi inspired an entire double album Tales from Topographic Oceans (1973). Recurring themes include environmentalism, pacifism and sun worship.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]


Anderson married Jennifer Baker in 1970, and they divorced in 1995. They have three children: daughter Deborah Anderson (b. 1970), son Damion Anderson (b. 1972), and daughter Jade Anderson (b. 1980).[27] He married Jane Luttenberger in 1997.[28]

Deborah Anderson sang on her father's solo album Song of Seven, sang background vocals on Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe, and more recently has sung for the French electronica band Télépopmusik on the album Angel Milk (released 2005); she also works as a photographer.[29][30] Damion Anderson spoke the final lines in the Yes song "Circus of Heaven" which appeared on Tormato, and is also a musician; he released the EP Close to the Hype ("C2T Hype") in 1994 with his father (remixes). Jade Anderson's birth is celebrated in her father's song "Animation" on the album of the same name, and she sang back-up vocals on many of his later albums. She has released a solo album in Japan.[31]

In 2009, Anderson became an American citizen after 25 years living in the country.[32][33]

Health and spirituality[edit]

Anderson was a smoker in the 1960s and 1970s, but now prides himself on a much healthier lifestyle. In the mid-1970s, Anderson became a vegetarian, as did most members of Yes; however, in an interview he stated, "I was a veggie for a while, but again I grew out of that. But I do eat very healthy."[34] In a 16 August 2006 interview on The Howard Stern Show, Anderson said he eats meat, mostly fish, on occasion. In the interview, he also stated he had a spiritual adviser that "helped him see into the fourth dimension". Before live performances, he often meditates in a tent with crystals and dreamcatchers, a practice he started in the 1980s. Anderson's religious beliefs are syncretic and varied,[35] including respect for the Divine Mother Audrey Kitagawa.[36]

One of Anderson's passions is painting, and he uses his art as another channel for his creativity and self-expression. His artwork is available to view on his official website. He lived in France with Jennifer Baker at a farm in Saint-Paul de Vence for over five years from the very late 1970s, becoming friend of painters Marc Chagall and André Verdet, nearest neighbours (inspiring some of his songs and musical themes). In 1990 he returned in France to record demos between Le Domaine de Miraval still in Provence at Le Val and Paris, this time with ABWH for the perspective of an hypothetical second album.

On 13 May 2008, Anderson suffered a severe asthma attack which required a stay in hospital. According to Yes' website,[citation needed] he was later "at home and resting comfortably." Yes' planned summer 2008 tour was subsequently cancelled, with the press release saying, "Jon Anderson was admitted to the hospital last month after suffering a severe asthma attack. He was diagnosed with acute respiratory failure and was told by doctors to rest and not work for a period of at least six months."[37] Further health problems continued through 2008. In September 2008, Anderson wrote that he's "so much grateful and so blessed...I look forward to 2009 for the "Great Work" to come."[36] He started singing again in early 2009.[38] In 2009, he returned to touring (solo), performed along with Peter Machajdík and an ensemble of Slovakian musicians on Tribute To Freedom, an event to commemorate the fall of the Iron Curtain in former Czechoslovakia at Devin Castle near Bratislava, Slovakia, and continued touring in 2010 and the autumn of 2011, with Rick Wakeman for a UK tour (2010) and the eastern US (2011).[36]



Solo albums


  1. ^ a b c d e "Jon Anderson's biography". 2003. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 
  2. ^ Snyder, Ryan (10 December 2008). "Yes: The Carolina Theatre is ready for big rock shows!". Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Rock star Jon Anderson to be ambassador for home club Accrington Stanley". Lancashire Telegraph. 
  4. ^ Joynson, Vernon (1995). The Tapestry of Delights. London: Borderline Books. See entry on "Hans Christian".
  5. ^ "Jon Anderson on Outsight Radio Hours : Outsight Radio Hours : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". 2001-03-10. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  6. ^ "Rick Wakeman Biography". RWCC. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Roberts, Chris (15 July 2016). "The real reason why Jon Anderson won't be making another album with Vangelis". TeamRock: Prog. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Roger Hodgson collaboration represents road not taken for Yes: 'One of those things that fizzled out'". Something Else! Reviews. 25 December 2014. 
  9. ^ "Interview With Jon Anderson of Yes from 2001 (by Gary Hill)". 2001. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Yes Singer Jon Anderson is Survivor". 30 August 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "VIDEO: Jon Anderson of YES Performs With CYO". CoolCleveland. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  12. ^ "Jon Anderson - Tour Of The Universe". Discogs. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  13. ^ "Jon Anderson - State Of Independence". Discogs. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  14. ^ Nick DeRiso. "One Track Mind: Jon Anderson, "Open" (2011)". Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "Jon Anderson | Zamran Experience Preview". Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "Jon Anderson Still Working on Sequel to Olias of Sunhillow (by Sterling Whitaker)". 3 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  17. ^ "Jon Anderson still telling, writing his wondrous stories". The Aspen Times. 
  18. ^ thodoris. "Interview:Jean-Luc Ponty (Anderson Ponty Band,Frank Zappa,Mahavishnu Orchestra)". Hit Channel. 
  19. ^ "We would like to announce our first official date for the AndersonPonty band Spring tour. We will be at the Canyon Club in Agoura, California on April 30th.". Facebook. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "Here are ALL the dates for our AndersonPonty Band tour!". Facebook. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Jon Anderson - I think about writing everyday, so it's...". Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "Trevor Rabin - PS...great stuff happening with Jon and Rick". Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "Trevor Rabin - About the most I can say for now is that we...". Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "ARW – An Evening of Yes Music and More". May 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  25. ^ "Video message from Jon Anderson - he's just finished a new album with Rione Stolt & friends called "Invention of Knowledge" and is about to tour Anderson Ponty Band with Jean-Luc Ponty.". Facebook. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  26. ^ Mervis, Scott (6 March 2008). "Jon Anderson says Yes to the School of Rock". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  27. ^ IMDB pages: [1], [2], [3].
  28. ^ [4] Archived 19 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ "Deborah Anderson | Listen and Stream Free Music, Albums, New Releases, Photos, Videos". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  30. ^ "Deborah Anderson Photography". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  31. ^ "Jade Anderson Bio | Jade Anderson Career | MTV". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  32. ^ Smyers, Darryl (2012-02-28). "Jon Anderson on Obama, Radiohead and Yes | Dallas Observer". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  33. ^ "Jon Anderson". 
  34. ^ James, Gary. "Interview with Jon Anderson of Yes". Retrieved 24 January 2008. 
  35. ^ Ryan, Tim (26 Sep 2003). "Positive on Rock". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  36. ^ a b c "News - Jon Anderson Online". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  37. ^ [5] Archived 13 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ "Yes - Jon's Back! (From The Bolton News)". Archived from the original on 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 

External links[edit]