Jon Adams Jerde, FAIA (January 22, 1940 – February 9, 2015) was an American architect based in Venice, California, founder and chairman of The Jerde Partnership, a design architecture and urban planning firm specializing in the design of shopping malls that has created a number of commercial developments around the globe. Jerde became well known as an innovator in the design of malls and related spaces. His firm has grown into a multi-disciplinary firm with offices in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Seoul, Amsterdam, and Dubai.
Born in Alton, Illinois, Jerde was a graduate of the School of Architecture at the University of Southern California. After early years working at Charles Kober Associates on multiple retail projects, including Plaza Pasadena, Jerde was commissioned by developer Ernie Hahn to design Horton Plaza, across from Horton Plaza Park in downtown San Diego. The project is a five story outdoor retail complex, with the main passage being diagonally oriented to the street grid and at the time anchored by Nordstrom, Macy's, and a Sam Goody music store; and connected to a Westin Hotel and the Balboa Theatre, resulting in an urban mixed-use center. It features long one-way ramps and sudden drop-offs, parapets, shadowy colonnades and cul-de-sacs. Its design breaks many traditional mall-design rules such as lowering ambient arousal levels and protecting the maximal lines-of-sight to merchandise. Its fragmented spaces are finished in a variety of bright colors. The project was completed in 1985.
Jerde's Horton Plaza brought 25 million visitors in its first year, and as of 2004 continued to generate San Diego's highest sales per unit area. Jerde claimed that the project also sparked nearly $2.4 billion in redevelopment to the surrounding area and downtown core.
The Jerde Partnership was involved in the design and planning of the Los Angeles 1984 Olympics. Based on the success of both Horton and the Olympics, the firm designed Fashion Island in Newport Beach, CA in 1989, the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota in 1992, the Urban Entertainment Center Universal CityWalk in Los Angeles, the pirate show and facade of the Treasure Island Casino in Vegas in 1993, the Las Vegas Fremont Street Experience in 1995 and the Bellagio in Las Vegas in 1998.
The Jerde Partnership
The firm developed into a major international company with key urban regeneration projects overseas, including Beursplein in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and Canal City Hakata in Fukuoka, Japan, both in 1996, as well as other projects in Japan, China and Europe. More recently Jerde has completed a string of urban mixed-use developments, including: Namba Parks in Osaka, Japan, awarded the Urban Land Institute Awards of Excellence: Asia Pacific, 2009; Roppongi Hills in Tokyo, Japan; Kanyon in Istanbul, Turkey and Zlote Tarasy in Warsaw, Poland.
|Horton Plaza||San Diego||California||1985|
|Fashion Island||Newport Beach||California||1989||Major redesign of original 1967 mall|
|Mall of America||Twin Cities||Minnesota||1992|
|Universal CityWalk Hollywood||Los Angeles||California||1993|
|Treasure Island Hotel and Casino||Las Vegas Strip||Nevada||1993||First collaboration with Steve Wynn|
|Fremont Street Experience||Las Vegas||Nevada||1995|
|Canal City Hakata||Fukuoka||Japan||1996|
|Bellagio||Las Vegas Strip||Nevada||1998|
|Palms Casino Resort||Las Vegas||Nevada||2001||First tower (right in image)|
|Wynn Las Vegas||Las Vegas Strip||Nevada||2005|
|Palms Phase II||Las Vegas||Nevada||2006||"Fantasy Tower" (left in image)|
|Palms Place||Las Vegas||Nevada||2008||Third tower|
|Santa Monica Place||Santa Monica||California||2010||Complete overhaul of Frank Gehry's 1980 indoor mall, turning it into an outdoor mall. Final completed work.|
- Ed Leibowitz, "Crowd Pleaser", Los Angeles, February 2002, pp. 48ff.
- Colker, David. "Jon Jerde dies at 75; L.A. architect redefined shopping mall, urban spaces". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- Showley, Roger (13 February 2015). "Horton Plaza architect redesigned us". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- New Left Review
- Balcony press
- Frances Anderton, "Jon Jerde, Design Czar for the 1984 Olympics Who Remade Retail Destinations, Dies at 75", KCRW, February 9, 2015.