Jonathan Stewart Vickers
October 29, 1926
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada
|Died||July 10, 2015 (aged 88)|
|Education||The Royal Conservatory|
|Occupation||Opera singer (tenor)|
|Awards||Governor General's Awards|
Born in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, he was the sixth in a family of eight children. In 1950, he was awarded a scholarship to study opera at The Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. In 1957 Vickers joined London’s Royal Opera House, Covent Garden company. In 1960 he joined the Metropolitan Opera. He became world-famous for a wide range of German, French and Italian roles. Vickers' huge, powerful voice and solid technique met the demands of many French, German and Italian roles. He was also highly regarded for his powerful stage presence and thoughtful characterizations. (Conversely, he was sometimes criticized for "scooping"—beginning a note below pitch and then sliding up to the correct pitch—and for "crooning".)
In 1968 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. Vickers received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts, in 1998.
Vickers studied with George Lambert at The Royal Conservatory of Music and sang professionally in Canada from the early- to mid-1950s. His international career began with his 1957 Covent Garden Riccardo in Verdi's Un ballo in maschera. He continued to appear there into the 1980s, putting his personal stamp on the roles of Énée in Berlioz's Les Troyens, Radamès in Verdi's Aida and the title role in his Don Carlos, Handel's Samson, Florestan in Beethoven's Fidelio, Tristan in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde, Canio in Leoncavallo's Pagliacci, and the title role in Britten's Peter Grimes. Some critics praised Vickers' Tristan as the best since Lauritz Melchior's.
He debuted at the Bayreuth Festival in 1958 as Siegmund in Die Walküre and sang Parsifal there in 1964. Later negotiations with Wieland Wagner concerning appearances as Siegfried in Götterdämmerung ceased on Wieland's death in 1966. His debut role at the Metropolitan Opera in 1960 was Canio in Pagliacci. He appeared at the Met for 22 seasons in 280 performances of 17 roles, including Florestan in Fidelio, Siegmund in Wagner's Die Walküre, Don Jose in Bizet's Carmen, Radamès in Aida, Erik in Wagner's Der fliegende Holländer, Herman in Tchaikovsky's Queen of Spades, Samson in both Handel's oratorio and Saint-Saëns' Samson et Dalila, the title role of Verdi's Otello, Don Alvaro in Verdi's La forza del destino, Peter Grimes, Tristan und Isolde, Laca in Janáček's Jenůfa, Vasek in Smetana's The Bartered Bride, and the title role in Wagner's Parsifal, giving his farewell in 1987.
Among Vickers' more notable recordings were Tristan und Isolde in 1972 with Herbert von Karajan becoming one of his favourite singers at the lavish Salzburg Easter and Summer Festivals in Der Ring des Nibelungen, Carmen, Otello, Fidelio as well as Tristan und Isolde, Les Troyens, singing the part of Énée (Aeneas), with Sir Colin Davis in 1969, and a legendary and controversial 1959 recording of Handel's Messiah with Sir Thomas Beecham.
Although scheduled to sing Tannhäuser at Covent Garden in the late 1970s, Vickers dropped out, claiming he could not empathize with the character, and that the opera itself was blasphemous in nature. He sang Nerone in Monteverdi's L'incoronazione di Poppea at the Paris Opéra, and Alvaro in La forza del destino at the Met (1975). His roles also included Don Carlos, Andrea Chenier, Herod in Salome, Giasone in Medea (with Maria Callas in the title role), Pollione in Norma and rarely heard parts such as Cellini in Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini, Ratan-Sen in Roussel's Padmavati and Sergei in Shostakovitch's Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District. Many critics praised his interpretation of Verdi's Otello, which he recorded twice: in 1960 with Tullio Serafin and 1973 with Herbert von Karajan. Vickers also was a long time collaborator with American pianist Richard Woitach.
Personal life and death
Vickers was born into the musical family of William, a teacher, and Myrle (née Mossop). As a youth he sang in his father's church, and his initial intention was to study medicine. He worked on a neighbour's farm and acquired the muscular stature that characterized him. During a semi-professional production his leading lady made a recording of his voice and sent it to The Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. He auditioned there with Every Valley Shall be Exalted and was offered a scholarship.
In 1953 he married Henrietta (Hetti) Outerbridge. They had five children. After her death in 1991, he married Judith Stewart. Vickers died of Alzheimer's disease on July 10, 2015 in Ontario.
He was a dedicated, outspoken Christian; one writer referred to him as "God's tenor" for this reason.
Vickers' voice was recorded in dozens of performances, including:
- Giasone in Cherubini's Medea, with conductor Nicola Rescigno, live recording from Dallas Civic Opera 1958.
- Don Carlo in Verdi's Don Carlos, with conductor Carlo Maria Giulini, live recording from the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden 1958.
- Siegmund in Wagner's Die Walküre, with conductor Hans Knappertsbusch, live recording from the Bayreuth Festival 1958.
- Samson in Handel's Samson, with conductor Raymond Leppard, live recording from the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden 1959.
- Otello in Verdi's Otello, with conductor Tullio Serafin, RCA Victor 1960.
- Siegmund in Wagner's Die Walküre, with conductor Erich Leinsdorf, Decca 1961.
- Radames in Verdi's Aida, with conductor Sir Georg Solti, Decca 1961.
- Florestan in Beethoven's Fidelio, with conductor Otto Klemperer, EMI 1961.
and with conductor Herbert von Karajan EMI 1970.
- Samson in Saint-Saëns' Samson and Delilah, with conductor Georges Prêtre, EMI 1962.
- Gustavo III in Verdi's Un ballo in maschera, with conductor Edward Downes, live recording from the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden 1962.
- Parsifal in Wagner's Parsifal, with conductor Hans Knappertsbusch, live recording from the Bayreuth Festival 1964.
- Siegmund in Wagner's Die Walküre, with conductor Herbert von Karajan, Deutsche Grammophon 1966.
- Énée in Berlioz Les Troyens, with conductor Colin Davis, Philips 1969.
- Don José in Bizet's Carmen, with conductor Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, EMI 1969–70.
- Florestan in Beethoven's Fidelio, with conductor Herbert von Karajan, EMI 1970.
- Tristan in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde, with conductor Herbert von Karajan, EMI 1971–72.
- Otello in Verdi's Otello, with conductor Herbert von Karajan, EMI 1973.
- Pollione in Bellini's Norma, with conductor Giuseppe Patanè, live recording from the Festival d'Orange 1974.
- Cellini in Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini, with conductor Sarah Caldwell, VAI 1975.
- Grimes in Britten's Peter Grimes, with conductor Colin Davis, Philips 1978.
- Elgar: The Dream of Gerontius, with conductor Sir John Barbirolli, live recording Rome 1957
- Handel: Messiah, with conductor Sir Thomas Beecham, RCA Victor 1959
- Vaughan Williams: Serenade to Music, with conductor Leonard Bernstein, live recording from the Lincoln Center NY 1962
- Verdi: Requiem, with conductor Sir John Barbirolli, EMI 1969–70
- Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde, with conductor Sir Colin Davis, Philips 1981
- Beethoven: Symphony No. 9, "Choral", with conductor Zubin Mehta, RCA Red Seal 1984.
- Italian Opera Arias: Arias by Cilea, Flotow, Giordano, Leoncavallo, Ponchielli, Puccini and Verdi, with conductor Tullio Serafin, RCA Victor 1961.
- Richard Strauss: Enoch Arden, Op. 38, with pianist Marc-André Hamelin, VAI 2006.
- Franz Schubert: Winterreise with pianist Peter Schaaf. VAI 1995.
- "Jon Vickers, tenor – obituary". The Telegraph. July 12, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Jon Vickers biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- Jon Vickers (in German) Bayreuth Festival. Retrieved July 14, 2015
- "Canadian-born tenor Jon Vickers dies". Royal Opera House. July 11, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Classical Music: The Listener's Companion (2002), ed. Alexander J. Morin, pp. 1038
- "Remembering Jon Vickers 1926–2015". Metropolitan Opera. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Mort du ténor Jon Vickers, interprète inoubliable d'Enée et d'Otello". Le Monde (in French). July 13, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Jon Vickers: A Hero's Life (1999) by Jeannie Williams and Birgit Nilsson
- Cooper, Katherine (July 13, 2015). "Obituary – Jon Vickers". Presto Classical. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Messiah". Classical Net. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Jon Vickers obituary". The Guardian. July 12, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Baker, John (July 13, 2015). "Farewell to Canadian-born Tenor Jon Vickers". Texas Public Radio. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Cohen, Steve (January 1, 2011). "Tannhäuser': Blasphemy or piety". Broad Street Review. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Henahan, Donal (May 10, 1983). "MUSIC: BERLIOZ'S 'CELLINI'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Chicago Classical Review (August 2009)
- Crory, Neil (June 30, 2001), "New York", Opera Canada, 42 (1), p. 34, retrieved September 9, 2013
- Winters, Ken (April 16, 2005), "Classical: Recital will long shine in the memory", The Globe and Mail, p. R6, retrieved September 9, 2013
- Tommasini, Anthony (July 12, 2015). "Jon Vickers, Opera Star Known for His Raw Power and Intensity, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Barker, Frank Granville; Blyth, Alan (July 10, 2015), "Obituaries", The Guardian, p. 35, retrieved July 14, 2015
- William R. Braun (July 11, 2015). "Jon Vickers, 88, Heroic Canadian Tenor, Has Died". Opera News.
- Anthony Tommasini (July 12, 2015). "Jon Vickers, Opera Star Known for His Raw Power and Intensity, Dies at 88". The New York Times.
- Performed in English, OCLC 54404309.
- Kuhn, Laura (ed.). "Vickers, Jon(athan) Stewart" in Baker's Student Encyclopedia of Music: R-Z, p. 1952. Schirmer Books, 1999. ISBN 0-02-865315-7
- Macdonnell, W.M. and Norman, Barbara. "Vickers, Jonathan Stewart". The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Jon Vickers: A Hero's Life by Jeannie Williams, Northeastern University Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55553-408-2