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Malus 'Jonagold'
Hybrid parentage'Golden Delicious' × 'Jonathan'
OriginGeneva, New York, USA, 1953
Sliced Jonagold

Jonagold /ˈɒnəˌɡld/ is a cultivar of apple which was developed in 1953 in New York State Agricultural Experiment Station of Cornell University's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, a cross between the crisp Golden Delicious and the blush-crimson Jonathan; the name Jonagold is a portmanteau of these two variety names. They form a large sweet fruit with a thin skin. Because of their large size they are now favoured by commercial growers in many parts of the world. Jonagold is triploid, with sterile pollen, and as such, requires a second type of apple for pollen and is incapable of pollenizing other cultivars. The Jonagored Apple, a sport mutation of Jonagold, was once covered under United States Patent PP05937,[1] now expired.

Jonagold has a green-yellow basic color with crimson, brindled covering colour.

The apple has a fluffily crisp fruit. It is juicy and aromatic and has a sweet-sour taste.

The skin can also turn out fully red or green other than golden-red.

It is (as of 2020) the most widely produced apple in Belgium[2] and according to the US Apple Association website it is one of the fifteen most popular apple cultivars in the United States.[3]

Disease susceptibility[edit]

  • Scab: high[4]
  • Powdery mildew: high[5]
  • Cedar apple rust: high
  • Fire blight: high

Descendant cultivars[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-10-24. Retrieved 2006-10-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "The largest Belgian apple variety in terms of quantity is Jonagold, followed by amongst others Jonagored, Boskoop and Golden Delicious, Kanzi, Joly Red, Greenstar, etc." - retrieved October 2021
  3. ^ Apple varieties by US Apple Association
  4. ^ Dr. Stephen Miller of the USDA Fruit Research Lab in Kearneysville, West Virginia.
  5. ^ "Powdery mildew of apples". Archived from the original on 2020-07-03. Retrieved 2021-08-15.

External links[edit]