Jonathan-Raphaël Bischoffsheim

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Jonathan-Raphaël Bischoffsheim (26 April 1808 – 5 February 1883) was a Belgian banker, businessman and philanthropist.

Family[edit]

He descended from the Bischoffsheim family, which was endowed with an exceptional European network. On 11 June 1832, he married Henriette Goldschmidt (1812–1892) in Brussels, and together they had four children: Claire (1833–1899), Regine (1834–?), Ferdinand Raphaël (1837–1909), and Hortense Henriette (1843–1901).

Career[edit]

In 1827, he co-founded the bank of Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt. He played an important role for the finances and the institutions during the early years of Belgian independence. Bisschoffsheim was a Director of the Banque de Belgique and was one of the founders of the National Bank of Belgium, the regional tramways and managed the Communal Credit (Dutch: Gemeentekrediet; French: Credit Communal) and the Caisse Generale d'Epargne et de Retraite (CGER or ASLK).

Together with his brother Louis-Raphaël Bischoffsheim (1800–1873), he founded the bank which eventually developed into Paribas bank. From 1862 until 1883, he was also a Liberal member of the Belgian Parliament, and as such was influential in the development of the public education network.

Sources[edit]

  • Youssef Cassis, Capitals of Capital, A History of International Financial Centres, 1780–2005, Université de Genève, ISBN 0-521-84535-1
  • The jewish community of Belgium - Jewish figures of note
  • From The Restauration To the Third Republic (Origins of Paribas)
  • Meeuwissen, Eric. Richesse oblige. La Belle Epoque des Grandes Fortunes. Préface de Jean Stengers, Brussels, Editions Racine, 1999, p. 315-318.
  • The Jewish Encyclopedia
  • Cilli Kasper-Holtkotte, Im Westen neues: Migration und ihre Folgen: Deutsche Juden als Pioniere jüdischen Lebens in Belgien, 18./19. Jahrhundert, BRILL, 2003.