Jonathan Carter (politician)

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Jonathan Carter
EducationWilliams College (BA)
University of New Hampshire (MS)
Political partyGreen

Jonathan Carter is an American environmentalist, scientist, and political candidate who has run twice for governor of Maine as a Green and once for the U.S. Congress. In 1992, Carter ran for U.S. House of Representatives in Maine's 2nd congressional district. Carter's campaign was designed to educate the public and to establish a green network of social, economic, and ecological activists. He was able to get 27,526 votes for 8.8% of the vote with an expenditure of less than $20,000 and no paid media.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Carter was born in Connecticut and attended Deerfield Academy, a prep school in Deerfield, Massachusetts.[2] He earned a Bachelor of Arts from Williams College and a Master of Science in Botany and Forest Pathology from the University of New Hampshire. He also began work on a doctorate at the University of Maine and Antioch College.[3]


Environmental advocacy[edit]

Carter is best known in Maine for his work on forestry issues. He directed the 1996 ban clear-cutting campaign, "No on the Compact" (1997) and the "Forest for the Future Campaign" (2000). Both referendum campaigns were unsuccessful.[4] He serves as director of the Forest Ecology Network.[5] the largest grassroots forest activist network in Maine.

Gubernatorial campaigns[edit]


In 1994, Carter made his first run for governor of Maine. Carter's campaign received 32,695 votes for 6.4% of the vote,[6] which was enough for the Maine Green Party to achieve ballot status in eyes of the state.[7]


In 2002, Carter again ran for governor. In that campaign, he promoted himself as the first and only candidate to that time to run for governor as a publicly-financed candidate due to the Maine Clean Elections Act.[8] Carter received 46,903 votes for 9.3% of the vote.[9] At the time his campaign, there were only 9,000 registered Green Independent voters in Maine. The Library of Congress recorded and stored a web archive of his campaigns website.[10] His campaign also retained and extended the ballot status of the Maine Green Independent Party through 2006.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Carter moved to Maine in 1978 and lives in a nineteenth-century farmhouse in Lexington, Maine, which is located in the unorganized territory of Central Somerset, Maine. He grows organic food on his farm, as well as maintaining a woodlot. He and his wife, Dorothy, have two children.[3]


  1. ^ "General Election Tabulations". Government of Maine. November 3, 1992. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Higgins, A.J. (October 30, 2002). "Jonathan Carter Populist candidate reaches out for votes". Bangor Daily News. p. A7. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Vote 2002". Archived from the original on October 2, 2002. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
  4. ^ Bruce, Noah (December 6–13, 2001). "CAMPAIGN 2002: Green Party rising". The Phoenix. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  5. ^ "Forest Ecology Network Home Page". Retrieved 2017-06-16.
  6. ^ "General Election Tabulations - November 8, 1994 - Governor - by County, A-H (Secretary of State, State of Maine, U.S.A.)". Archived from the original on 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  7. ^ a b "Green Party ballot qualification history". Archived from the original on 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
  8. ^ "Ad Watch: Jonathan Carter". Sun Journal. September 30, 2002. p. A6. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  9. ^ "General Election, November 5, 2002 - Tabulations - Governor (Secretary of State, State of Maine, U.S.A.)". Archived from the original on 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  10. ^ "About this Collection - United States Elections Web Archive | Digital Collections | Library of Congress". 2000-08-01. Retrieved 2017-06-16.

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